Al Jawhara bint Musaed Al Jiluwi

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Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jiluwi Al Saud
Died 1919
Riyadh
Spouse King Abdulaziz
Issue
Full name
Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jiluwi bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud[1][2]
House House of Saud
Father Musaed bin Jiluwi bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud
Religion Sunni Islam

Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jiluwi Al Saud (died 1919) was one of King Abdulaziz's spouses. She was the mother of King Khalid who was the fourth ruler of Saudi Arabia.

Background

Al Jawhara bint Musaed was from the Al Jiluwis,[3][4] a cadet branch of the Al Saud.[5] The family, Al Jiluwi, are significant for Al Sauds since it is composed of the descendants of the younger brother of King Ibn Saud's grandfather Faisal bin Turki Al Saud. The roots of the Al Jiluwis trace back to Prince Jiluwi bin Turki bin Abdallah, who served as the governor of Unayzah during the late 1700s.[6]

The members of Al Jiluwis allied themselves with King Ibn Saud to eliminate the threat posed by the Al Kabir clan. For instance, Abdullah Al Jiluwi served as King Ibn Saud's deputy commander and helped him in the conquest of the eastern region of Arabia.[7] He served as the governor of the Eastern Province from 1913 to 1938.[8] Then, his son Saud bin Abdullah became the governor of this province (1938-1967).[8] Next, his another son, Abdul Muhsin bin Abdullah Al Jiluwi, served as the governor of the province from 1967 to 1985 until being replaced by Prince Muhammed bin Fahd.[8][9]

Additionally, the members of Al Jiluwis intermarried with the Al Sauds.[10] More specifically, the spouses of late King Faisal, late King Fahd, late King Abdullah, late Prince Sultan and late Prince Nayef were all members of Al Jiluwi clan.[11]

Al Jawhara was the daughter of Musaed, a nephew of Faisal bin Turki Al Saud.[6] Her mother was Hussa bint Abdallah bin Turki Al Turki,[12] and her paternal grandmother, Noura bint Ahmed Al Sudairi, was also from another powerful family, Al Sudairi.[13] Both families, Al Jiluwi and Al Sudairi, were strong supporters of the Al Saud in the early years of state formation.[6] Her brother Abdulaziz bin Musaed was one of former governors of Hail Province.[6]

Marriage

She was the widow of Sa'ad I bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud.[14]

Al Jawhara bint Musaed was one of the King Ibn Saud's favorite wives.[15] They were married in 1908,[6] and she was the fourth spouse of King Ibn Saud.[16] It was the only marriage of King Ibn Saud to one of the Al Saud or a close relative.[8]

Their marriage produced three children; Prince Mohammad, King Khalid and Princess Al Anoud.[17] Her daughter, Al Anoud, married to the sons of Saad bin Abdul Rahman. She first married Saud bin Saad. After Saud died, she married Fahd bin Saad.[18]

Al Jawhara bint Musaed was extremely interested in horse riding and breeding. She formed a stable within the palace in Riyadh. She also hired the best Najdi horse riders to train cavalry who in turn contributed significantly in King Abdulaziz's attempts to unify Saudi Arabia.[2] She was special for King Ibn Saud due to several reasons. First, Al Jawharah was King Ibn Saud's cousin. Secondly, she was chosen by King Ibn Saud's mother as a wife for him. And lastly, she died at young age.[19]

Death

Al Jawhara bint Musaed died in Riyadh in 1919 in the flu epidemic, which also killed Prince Turki bin Abdulaziz, eldest son of King Ibn Saud.[16][20] Her room in the palace was kept, not allowing anyone to enter except for King Ibn Saud's sister, Nuora.[19] Al Jawhara bint Musaid's death is reported to make King Abdulaziz so sad and devastated that he cried.[6][19]

References

  1. ^ "Al Saud Family (Saudi Arabia)". European Institute for Research on Euro-Arab Cooperation. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Personal trips". King Khalid Exhibition. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  3. ^ Chapin Metz, Helen (1992). "Saudi Arabia: A Country Study". Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  4. ^ "The New Succession Law Preserves The Monarchy While Reducing The King's Prerogatives". Wikileaks. 22 November 2006. Archived from the original on 19 November 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Saudi King Solidifies Base with Extensions". Wikileaks. 7 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jiluwi Al Jiluwi". Datarabia. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  7. ^ Henderson, Simon (9 October 2009). "Factors Affecting Saudi Succession are a Family Affair". The Cutting Edge News. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Michael Herb (1999). All in the family. Albany: State University of New York Press. p. 102. ISBN 0-7914-4168-7.
  9. ^ Peter J. Chelkowski; Robert J. Pranger (1988). Ideology and Power in the Middle East: Studies in Honor of George Lenczowski. Duke University Press. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  10. ^ Teitelbaum, Joshua (1 November 2011). "Saudi Succession and Stability" (PDF). BESA Center Perspectives. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  11. ^ Abir, Mordechai (1988). Saudi Arabia in the Oil Era: Regime and Elites : Conflict and Collaboration. Kent: Croom Helm.
  12. ^ "Family tree of Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jiluwi Al Jiluwi". Datarabia. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Family Tree of Nura bint Ahmed Al Sudairi". Datarabia. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  14. ^ "زوجات الملك عبدالعزيز..تاريخ يحكي تقديم الرجال إلى "منصة المسؤولية"". جريدة الرياض (in Arabic). Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  15. ^ Sharaf Sabri (2001). The house of Saud in commerce: A study of royal entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. New Delhi: I.S. Publications. ISBN 81-901254-0-0.
  16. ^ a b Mark Weston (28 July 2008). Prophets and Princes: Saudi Arabia from Muhammad to the Present. John Wiley & Sons. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-470-18257-4. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  17. ^ Winberg Chai (22 September 2005). Saudi Arabia: A Modern Reader. University Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-88093-859-4. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Family Tree of Al Anud bint Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud". Datarabia. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  19. ^ a b c "King Abdulaziz' Noble Character" (PDF). Islam House. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  20. ^ Jennifer Reed (1 January 2009). The Saudi Royal Family. Infobase Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-4381-0476-8. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
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