Akira Suzuki (chemist)

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Akira Suzuki
Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7383.jpg
Suzuki in 2010
Born (1930-09-12) September 12, 1930 (age 87)
Mukawa, Hokkaidō, Japan
Nationality Japan
Alma mater Hokkaidō University
Known for Suzuki reaction
Awards Nobel Prize for Chemistry (2010)
Person of Cultural Merit (2010)
Order of Culture (2010)
Scientific career
Fields Chemistry
Institutions Hokkaidō University
Purdue University
University of Wales
Okayama University of Science
Kurashiki University of Science and the Arts
Influences Herbert Charles Brown

Akira Suzuki (鈴木 章, Suzuki Akira, born September 12, 1930) is a Japanese chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate (2010), who first published the Suzuki reaction, the organic reaction of an aryl- or vinyl-boronic acid with an aryl- or vinyl-halide catalyzed by a palladium(0) complex, in 1979.[1][2][3][4]

Early life and education

Suzuki was born on September 12, 1930, in Mukawa, Hokkaidō, his father died when he was in high school. He studied chemistry at Hokkaido University (Hokudai) and after receiving his PhD while he worked there as assistant professor. He initially wanted to major in mathematics, his favorite subject in childhood was arithmetic.[5] It was an encounter with two books became an opportunity to advance to the path of organic synthesis, one is Textbook of Organic Chemistry written by Louis Fieser of Harvard University, and another is Hydroboration written by Herbert C. Brown of Purdue University.[6]

Career

From 1963 until 1965, Suzuki worked as a postdoctoral student with Herbert C. Brown at Purdue University and after returning to the Hokudai he became a full professor there. The postdoctoral experience was utilized in the study of the coupling reaction with his assistant Norio Miyaura and led to the discovery of Suzuki reaction announced in 1979.[7] Its organic boronic acids with aryl and vinyl group are stable to water and air, easy to handle, and because the conditions required for use are also relatively mild, even among the several cross-coupling techniques, it is said to be easy to use.[8] Its full mechanism is shown in the image below.

Suzuki Coupling Full Mechanism 2

With his retirement from Hokudai in 1994 he took several positions in other universities: 1994–1995 Okayama University of Science and 1995–2002 Kurashiki University of Science and the Arts.[9] In addition, he was an invited professor at Purdue University (2001), Academic Sinica and the National Taiwan University (2002).

In 2010, Suzuki was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry together with Richard F. Heck and Ei-ichi Negishi.[10]

To celebrate International Year of Chemistry (IYC 2011), Suzuki was interviewed by the UNESCO Courier magazine, he said:

"Today some people see chemistry just as a polluting industry, but that is a mistake......Without it, productivity would drop and we could not enjoy the life we know today. If there is pollution, it is because we are releasing harmful substances. Obviously, we have to adapt treatment and management regimes and work to develop chemical substances and manufacturing processes that respect the environment."[11]

In 2014, a Canadian-Chinese student ask for Suzuki's advice: "how can I become a great chemist like you?", Suzuki answered him: "...above all else, you must learn to see through the appearance to perceive the essence."[12]

Invention without patent

Suzuki has not obtained a patent on Suzuki reaction technology because he thinks that the research was supported by government funds,[13] therefore coupling technology has become widespread, and many products using this technology have been put into practical use.[14] To date, there are more than 6,000 papers and patents related to Suzuki reaction.[6]

Recognition

From left: Suzuki, Negishi, and Heck (2010)
Peter Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen, Christopher A. Pissarides, Konstantin Novoselov, Andre Geim, Akira Suzuki, Ei-ichi Negishi, and Richard Heck, Nobel Prize Laureates 2010, at a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.

See also

References

  1. ^ Miyaura, Norio; Yamada, Kinji; Suzuki, Akira (1979). "A new stereospecific cross-coupling by the palladium-catalyzed reaction of 1-alkenylboranes with 1-alkenyl or 1-alkynyl halides". Tetrahedron Letters. 20 (36): 3437–3440. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)95429-2. 
  2. ^ Miyaura, N.; Suzuki, A. Chem. Commun. 1979, 866.
  3. ^ Suzuki, A. Pure Appl. Chem. 1991, 63, 419–422. (Review)
  4. ^ Suzuki, A. J. Organometallic Chem. 1999, 576, 147–168. (Review)
  5. ^ 『朝日小学生新聞』2010年10月8日
  6. ^ a b 『朝日新聞』2010年10月7日
  7. ^ 宮浦憲夫; 萬代忠勝 (2004). "辻二郎先生, 鈴木章先生日本学士院賞を受賞". 有機合成化学協会誌. 有機合成化学協会. 62 (5): 410. doi:10.5059/yukigoseikyokaishi.62.410. 和書. 
  8. ^ 世界の化学者データベース「鈴木章」
  9. ^ Miyaura, Norio; Suzuki, Akira (1995). "Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions of Organoboron Compounds". Chemical Reviews. 95 (7): 2457–2483. doi:10.1021/cr00039a007. 
  10. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010" (Press release). Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 
  11. ^ http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001906/190645e.pdf#nameddest=190724
  12. ^ 为什么有些人很聪明?他们遇到问题时的思维方式与我们差别在哪呢? - 知乎
  13. ^ 『朝日新聞』2010年10月7日
  14. ^ "根岸・鈴木氏、特許取得せず…栄誉の道開く一因". 読売新聞. 2010-10-07. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  15. ^ Akira Suzuki (in Japanese)
  16. ^ Japanese Nobel Prize Chemists Honored By Royal Society Of Chemistry | Asian Scientist Magazine | Science, Technology and Medicine News Updates From Asia
  17. ^ Nobel laureate Akira Suzuki receives honorary chair professorship from NCKU - NCKU, 國立成功大學 National Cheng Kung University

External links

  • Akira Suzuki "Letter to a young chemist" in The UNESCO Courier, "CHEMISTRY AND LIFE", January–March 2011
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010 Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi, Akira Suzuki
  • Akira Suzuki
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