Aircraftman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Navies Armies Air forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Field marshal or
General of the Army
Marshal of
the air force
Admiral General Air chief marshal
Vice admiral Lieutenant general Air marshal
Rear admiral Major general Air vice-marshal
Commodore Brigadier or
brigadier general
Air commodore
Captain Colonel Group captain
Commander Lieutenant colonel Wing commander
Lieutenant
commander
Major or
Commandant
Squadron leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight lieutenant
Lieutenant
junior grade
or
sub-lieutenant
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
midshipman
Second lieutenant Pilot officer
Officer cadet Officer cadet Flight cadet
Enlisted grades
Master chief petty officer
of the navy
Sergeant major
of the army
Chief master sergeant
of the air force
Warrant officer or
master chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
sergeant major or
command sergeant major
Warrant officer or
chief master sergeant
Petty officer or
chief petty officer
Sergeant or
staff sergeant or
gunnery sergeant or
master sergeant
Sergeant or
staff sergeant or
technical sergeant or
master sergeant
Leading seaman Corporal or
bombardieror
specialist
Corporal or
senior airman
Seaman or
seaman recruit or
seaman apprentice
Private or
gunner or
trooper
Aircraftman or
airman or
airman basic
Talk·View

Aircraftman (AC) or aircraftwoman (ACW)[1][2][3] is the lowest rank in the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the air forces of several other Commonwealth countries. In RAF slang, aircraftmen are sometimes called "erks".[4]

Aircraftman ranks below leading aircraftman and has a NATO rank code of OR-1. It is now a training rank only and no airmen in productive service hold this rank. Aircraftmen do not wear any rank insignia.

History

The rank was introduced to the RAF in January 1919, replacing the rank prefixes of "Air Mechanic", "Private" and "Clerk" that had been introduced under Air Memorandum No 1 in March 1918. There were three grades: leading aircraftman (LAC), aircraftman 1st class (AC1) and aircraftman 2nd class. A similar grading existed for junior ratings in the Royal Navy.[5] The rank of senior aircraftman (SAC) was introduced on 1 January 1951.

The lowest grade was an AC2; also colloquially known as an "AC plonk".[6] With effect from 1 April 1964, the gradings of AC1 and AC2 were abolished, with "aircraftman" becoming the entry rank.[7]

Royal Canadian Air Force

In the Royal Canadian Air Force, the rank is also known by the French term of aviateur. This was changed from private in spring 2015 when the RCAF changed the colour of its rank insignia from gold to pearl grey. It is the lowest rank in the RCAF. Prior to 1968 the rank of aircraftman was used in the RCAF as in other Commonwealth air forces.[8] An aircraftman in the cadet stage is called aviator (recruit).

Royal Australian Air Force

The Royal Australian Air Force also uses both aircraftman and aircraftwoman.[9]

Royal Malaysian Air Force

Thee Royal Malaysian Air Force has four aircraftman ranks:

  • Leading aircraftman (laskar udara kanan)
  • Aircraftman 1st class (laskar udara I)
  • Aircraftman 2nd class (laskar udara II)
  • Aircraftman recruit (perajurit muda)

Royal New Zealand Air Force

In the Royal New Zealand Air Force, the rank is known as "aircraftman", regardless of the person's sex, in line with "seaman" in the Royal New Zealand Navy.[10]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "RAF Distinguishing Insignia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  2. ^ RAF website
  3. ^ The spellings "aircraftsman" and "aircraftswoman", despite being occasionally seen even in official documents, are incorrect in any air force.
  4. ^ "erk". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Perkins, Dave. "Royal Navy Branches, Ranks and Ratings, 1918". www.pbenyon.plus.com. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  6. ^ Partridge, Eric (2000). A dictionary of slang and unconventional English : colloquialisms and catch phrases, fossilised jokes and puns, general nicknames, vulgarisms and such Americanisms as have been naturalised (8 ed.). London: Routledge. p. 1. ISBN 0-415-06568-2.
  7. ^ Jefford, C.G. (2010). Observers and Navigators: And Other Non-Pilot Aircrew in the RFC, RNAS and RAF. London: Grub Street. p. 285. ISBN 978-1-909808-02-7. Air Ministry Order A.80/1963 of 6 March 1963 replaced the AC1 and AC2 with just 'Aircraftman' with effect from 1 April 1964
  8. ^ "A Return to the Royal Canadian Aor Forec Ranks; a Historical Examination" (PDF). rcaf-arc.forces. 2014. p. 12. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Air Force Ranks - Royal Australian Air Force". www.airforce.gov.au. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  10. ^ "RNZAF - RNZAF Ranks". www.airforce.mil.nz. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aircraftman&oldid=895293752"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraftman
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Aircraftman"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA