Ahsan Iqbal

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Ahsan Iqbal
Ahsan Iqbal - 2014 (cropped).jpg
Minister for Interior
In office
4 August 2017 – 31 May 2018
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Preceded by Nisar Ali Khan
Succeeded by Muhammad Azam Khan
Minister for Planning, Development and Reforms
In office
16 September 2017 – 31 May 2018
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Preceded by Himself
Succeeded by Shamshad Akhtar
In office
7 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Naveed Qamar
Succeeded by Himself
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of Pakistan
In office
8 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
Preceded by Dr. Nadeem Ul Haque
Succeeded by Sartaj Aziz
Minister for Education
In office
31 March 2008 – 13 May 2008
Preceded by Javed Ashraf Qazi
Minister for Minorities
In office
31 March 2008 – 13 May 2008
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of Pakistan
In office
13 August 1998 – 12 October 1999
Preceded by Hafeez Pasha
Succeeded by Dr. Shahid Amjad Chaudhry
Personal details
Born (1959-03-28) 28 March 1959 (age 59)[1]
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Relatives Nisar Fatima (mother)
Alma mater University of Engineering and Technology, Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

Ahsan Iqbal Chaudhary (Urdu: احسن اقبال چوہدری‎; born 28 March 1959) is a Pakistani politician who has been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since August 2018. Previously he was a member of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1999 and from 2002 to May 2018.

He served as Minister for Interior and Minister for Planning, Development and Reforms in the Abbasi cabinet from 2017 to May 2018. A leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (PML-N), Chaudhary served as the Minister of Planning and Development of Pakistan and the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission of Pakistan in the third Sharif's ministry and briefly held the portfolio of Minister of Minorities and Minister of Education of Pakistan in the Gillani ministry in 2008. He served as the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of Pakistan from 1998 to 1999 during the Sharif's second ministry with the title of Minister of State.

Family and education

According to PILDAT, Chaudhary was born on 28 March 1959.[1] According to the News International, he was born on 28 September 1958.[2]

He comes from a family with a political background. His mother, Nisar Fatima was the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan on reserved seats for women in Pakistani general election, 1985.[3][4] Chaudhary's maternal grandfather, Chaudhry Abdul Rehman Khan was member of the Punjab Legislative Assembly during the British Raj from 1927 to 1945.[4]

Chaudhary attended the University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore to study mechanical engineering in 1976 from where he graduated with B.Sc in 1981.[4]

In 1984, Chaudhary attended the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania from where he did MBA in 1986.[4] Dawn reported that he also attended Government College Lahore, Georgetown University and Harvard University.[4]

Political career

Chaudhary started politics as president of the student union of University of Engineering and Technology. He was then associated with Islami Jamiat Tulaba, student wing of the right wing Jamat-i-Islami.[3]

Chaudhary was introduced into the right wing politics of Pakistan by Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq in the 1980s.[3] In 1988, Chaudhary joined Pakistan Muslim League (N).[4]

In Pakistani general election, 1993, he became member of the National Assembly for the first time after winning constituency NA-117 of Narowal. In 1993, he served as Policy and Public Affairs Assistant to then Prime Minister of Pakistan.[4]

He was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly for the second time in Pakistani general election, 1997.[4] when his party PML-N won clear majority in National Assembly for the first time in the history of Pakistan, Chaudhary played his role in several key government positions. He was appointed as the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of Pakistan with the title of Minister of State, chairman Pakistan Engineering Council and was also a chairman for the National Steering Committees on Information Technology and IQM and Productivity. Chaudhary continued on the positions allotted to him till the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état in which then Chief of Army Staff, Pervez Musharraf, overthrew elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his existing elected government.[4] Dawn reported that on Chaudhary's initiative Pakistan's first national IT policy was formulated.[4]

In Pakistani general election, 2002, he lost the National Assembly seat.[4] During the Musharraf rule, Chaudhary taught Management at the Mohammad Ali Jinnah University in Islamabad from 2000 to 2007.[4] Chaudhary is considered a loyalist of Nawaz Sharif who kept the PML-N alive during the Musharraf rule.[4][5]

In Pakistani general election, 2008, Chaudhary was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly for the third time. He briefly served as the Minister for Education of Pakistan[6] with an additional portfolio of Minister of Minorities’ Affairs in the Gillani ministry.[7][8][9][10] But after PML-N decided to sit on opposition benches due to a disagreement with PPP related to the reinstatement of the judges dismissed by former President Pervez Musharraf in 2007, he resigned six weeks into the newly formed PPP-led coalition government.[4][7]

In 2011, Chaudhary was elected as Deputy Secretary General of PML-N.[4][11]

In Pakistani general election, 2013, Chaudhary was made part of PML-N’s central parliamentary board tasked with selecting candidates for the election.[5] Chaudhary was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly for the fourth time in 2013 general election.[6][12] He was appointed as the Minister of Planning and Development[6][13][14][15] as well the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission of Pakistan.[16]

In February 2016, Chaudhary was appointed as the United Nations Development Programme’s ‘champion minister’ from the Asia Pacific region in recognition of his efforts to promote the Sustainable Development Goals.[17]

He had ceased to hold ministerial office in July 2017 when the federal cabinet was disbanded following the resignation of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif after Panama Papers case decision.[18] Following the election of Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as Prime Minister of Pakistan, Chaudhary was inducted into the federal cabinet of Abbasi and was appointed Minister for Interior for the first time.[19][20] On 16 September 2017, he was given the additional charge of Ministry of Planning and Development.[21][22] In November 2017, he was criticised by the Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan Raza Rabbani for not taking Senate in confidence with regards to the crackdown against the 2017 Tehreek-e-Labaik protest which led to resignation of Minister for Law and Justice, Zahid Hamid.[23][24][25][26] Upon the dissolution of the National Assembly on the expiration of its term on 31 May 2018, Chaudhry ceased to hold the office as Federal Minister for Interior and Federal Minister for Planning, Development and Reform.[27]

He was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of PML-N from Constituency NA-78 (Narowal-II) in Pakistani general election, 2018.[28] He received 159,651 votes and defeated Abrar-ul-Haq.[29]

Assassination attempt

In May 2018, Chaudhary was shot and wounded at a political rally in his home constituency Narowal in an apparent assassination attempt. He was airlifted from Narowal to Lahore for surgery where he was said to be in stable condition.[30][31] The attacker, found to be linked with Tehreek-e-Labaik, was arrested from the spot[32][33] who in his police statement confessed that he tried to assassinate Chaudhry due to the issue of Khatam-e-Nubuwwat.[34]

References

  1. ^ a b "Detail Information". 23 March 2011. Archived from the original on 23 March 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  2. ^ "If elections are held on time…". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Ghumman, Khawar (7 June 2013). "Experience and loyalty count in the PML-N kitchen cabinet". DAWN.COM. Dawn. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Dawn.Com. "Ahsal Iqbal, Dawn prfile". Dawn newspapers. Dawn newspapers. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b Mahmood, Amjad (26 March 2013). "'Loyalists dominate' N parliamentary board". Dawn. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Jamil, Farah (7 June 2013). "26 member Cabinet to take oath today". Aaj News. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Who is Ahsan Iqbal?". DAWN.COM. 6 May 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Gilani to sit on resignations till Asif's return: Decision final: Nisar". Dawn. Dawn. 14 May 2008. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  9. ^ Asghar, Raja (31 March 2008). "Swearing-in today to mark belated birth of cabinet". DAWN.COM. Dawn. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  10. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's (15 April 2008). "Minorities rights to be safeguarded, says Gilani". Dawn. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Nawaz Sharif elected unopposed PML-N president". DAWN.COM. Dawn. 27 July 2011. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Another win: PML-N's Ahsan Iqbal clobbers PTI's Abrarul Haq - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 11 May 2013. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Sharif's 25-member cabinet takes oath". Dawn. 7 June 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  14. ^ Masood, Salman (7 June 2013). "U.S. Drone Strike Kills at Least 7 in Pakistan as New Prime Minister Announces Cabinet". New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  15. ^ "Federal cabinet unveiled: Enter the ministers - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 8 June 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  16. ^ Kiani, Khaleeq (11 June 2013). "Planning Commission to be made think tank". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  17. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's (26 February 2016). "Ahsan Iqbal appointed UNDP's 'champion minister'". DAWN.COM. Dawn. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  18. ^ "PM Nawaz Sharif steps down; federal cabinet stands dissolved". Daily Pakistan Global. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  19. ^ "PM Abbasi's cabinet takes oath". DAWN.COM. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  20. ^ "Pakistan Swears In New Federal Cabinet". Newsweek Pakistan. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Ahsan gets planning commission portfolio". The Nation. 16 September 2017. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Allying Chinese concerns: Iqbal will also head planning ministry - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 16 September 2017. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  23. ^ Imran Mukhtar (28 November 2017). "Accord with protesters threat to democracy". The Nation. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Raza Rabbani displeased over PM's departure to Saudi Arabia amid protests". Pakistan Today. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  25. ^ Mumtaz Alvi (28 November 2017). "PM in Jeddah, no one around to answer questions: Rabbani". The News. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  26. ^ Guramani, Nadir (27 November 2017). "What forced govt to sign agreement with Faizabad protesters, asks Rabbani". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  27. ^ "Notification" (PDF). Cabinet division. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  28. ^ "Ahsan Iqbal of PML-N wins NA-78 election". Associated Press Of Pakistan. 26 July 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  29. ^ "NA-78 Result - Election Results 2018 - Narowal 2 - NA-78 Candidates - NA-78 Constituency Details - thenews.com.pk". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  30. ^ Qarar, Shaqeel (6 May 2018). "Interior Minister Ahsan Iqbal injured in assassination attempt during Narowal corner meeting". Dawn News. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  31. ^ "Pakistan Interior Minister, Champion of Minorities, Is Shot". The New York Times. 6 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  32. ^ Bukhari, Mubasher. "Pakistani interior minister shot by man linked to new religious..." U.S. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  33. ^ "Attack on interior minister: Shooter 'showed affiliation' with Tehreek-i-Labbaik, DC Narowal says". DAWN.COM. 7 May 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  34. ^ "Police arrest accomplice of Ahsan Iqbal attacker". Retrieved 12 May 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Hafeez Pasha
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of Pakistan
1998—1999
Succeeded by
Dr. Shahid Amjad Chaudhry
Preceded by
Minister for Minorities
2008—2008
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Javed Ashraf Qazi
Minister for Education
2008—2008
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Naveed Qamar
Minister for Planning and Development
2013—2017
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Dr. Nadeem Ul Haque
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of Pakistan
2013—2017
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Nisar Ali Khan
Minister for Interior
2017—2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister for Planning and Development
2017—2018
Succeeded by
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