Ahmad Khatib

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Shaikh Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi (1860 – 1916) was a Minangkabau Indonesian Islamic teacher. He was born in Koto Tuo, Ampek Angkek, Agam Regency, West Sumatra on 6 Dzulhijjah 1276 H (1860 M) and died in Mecca on 8 Jumadil Awal 1334 H (1916 M).[1] He served as the head (imam) of the Shafi'i school of law at the mosque of Mecca (Masjid al-Haram). Many Indonesian Islamic reformist leaders learned from him, including Ahmad Dahlan, as founder Muhammadiyah and Hasyim Asyari, as founder Nahdlatul Ulama.[2]

Although Ahmad Khatib was an orthodox Sunni Muslim, he still hoped to reconcile the matrilineal system in Minangkabau with the laws of inheritance prescribed in the Quran. Through his Minangkabau students who studied in Mecca and well as those he taught in Indonesia, he encouraged a modified Minangkabau culture based on al-Quran and the Sunnah.

His eldest son Abdulkareem owned a book store in Makkah. His son Abdulmalik Alkhatib was an ambassador of the Ashraf to Egypt. His son, Sheikh Abdulhameed Alkhateeb, was the first Saudi Arabian ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. And his grand son, Fouad Abdulhameed Alkhateeb, was a Saudi Arabian ambassador, humanitarian, author, and businessman. In his capacity as a diplomat, he represented his homeland in Pakistan, Iraq, the United States of America, the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the Republic of Turkey, the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Nepal, and finally as Saudi ambassador to Malaysia.

Biography

Khatib was born on 26 June 1860 in Koto Tuo, Agam. His parents were Abdullatief Khatib and Limbak Urai. In 1870 he attended Dutch's school then continued his study to Kweekschool in Bukittinggi.[3]

Books

Arabic language :

  • Hasyiyah An Nafahat ‘ala Syarhil Waraqat lil Mahalli
  • Al Jawahirun Naqiyyah fil A’malil Jaibiyyah
  • Ad Da’il Masmu’ ‘ala Man Yuwarritsul Ikhwah wa Auladil Akhwan Ma’a Wujudil Ushul wal Furu’
  • Raudhatul Hussab
  • Mu’inul Jaiz fi Tahqiq Ma’nal Jaiz
  • As Suyuf wal Khanajir ‘ala Riqab Man Yad’u lil Kafir
  • Al Qaulul Mufid ‘ala Mathla’is Sa’id
  • An Natijah Al Mardhiyyah fi Tahqiqis Sanah Asy Syamsiyyah wal Qamariyyah
  • Ad Durratul Bahiyyah fi Kaifiyah Zakati Azd Dzurratil Habasyiyyah
  • Fathul Khabir fi Basmalatit Tafsir
  • Al ‘Umad fi Man’il Qashr fi Masafah Jiddah
  • Kasyfur Ran fi Hukmi Wadh’il Yad Ma’a Tathawuliz Zaman
  • Hallul ‘Uqdah fi Tashhihil ‘Umdah
  • Izhhar Zaghalil Kadzibin fi Tasyabbuhihim bish Shadiqin
  • Kasyful ‘Ain fi Istiqlal Kulli Man Qawal Jabhah wal ‘Ain
  • As Saifu Al Battar fi Mahq Kalimati Ba’dhil Aghrar
  • Al Mawa’izh Al Hasanah Liman Yarghab minal ‘Amal Ahsanah
  • Raf’ul Ilbas ‘an Hukmil Anwat Al Muta’amil Biha Bainan Nas
  • Iqna’un Nufus bi Ilhaqil Anwat bi ‘Amalatil Fulus
  • Tanbihul Ghafil bi Suluk Thariqatil Awail fima Yata’allaq bi Thariqah An Naqsyabandiyyah
  • Al Qaulul Mushaddaq bi Ilhaqil Walad bil Muthlaq
  • Tanbihul Anam fir Radd ‘ala Risalah Kaffil ‘Awwam,
  • Hasyiyah Fathul Jawwad
  • Fatawa Al Khathib ‘ala Ma Warada ‘Alaih minal Asilah
  • Al Qaulul Hashif fi Tarjamah Ahmad Khathib bin ‘Abdil Lathif

Indonesian language :

  • Mu’allimul Hussab fi ‘Ilmil Hisab
  • Ar Riyadh Al Wardiyyah fi Ushulit Tauhid wa Al Fiqh Asy Syafi’i
  • Al Manhajul Masyru’ fil Mawarits
  • Dhaus Siraj Pada Menyatakan Cerita Isra’ dan Mi’raj
  • Shulhul Jama’attain fi Jawaz Ta’addudil Jumu’attain
  • Al Jawahir Al Faridah fil Ajwibah Al Mufidah
  • Fathul Mubin Liman Salaka Thariqil Washilin
  • Al Aqwal Al Wadhihat fi Hukm Man ‘Alaih Qadhaish Shalawat
  • Husnud Difa’ fin Nahy ‘anil Ibtida’
  • Ash Sharim Al Mufri li Wasawis Kulli Kadzib Muftari
  • Maslakur Raghibin fi Thariqah Sayyidil Mursalin
  • Izhhar Zughalil Kadzibin
  • Al Ayat Al Bayyinat fi Raf’il Khurafat
  • Al Jawi fin Nahw
  • Sulamun Nahw
  • Al Khuthathul Mardhiyyah fi Hukm Talaffuzh bin Niyyah
  • Asy Syumus Al Lami’ah fir Rad ‘ala Ahlil Maratib As Sab’ah
  • Sallul Hussam li Qath’i Thuruf Tanbihil Anam
  • Al Bahjah fil A’malil Jaibiyyah
  • Irsyadul Hayara fi Izalah Syubahin Nashara
  • Fatawa Al Khathib

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Fadhlan Mudhafier, Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Al-Minangkabawy: Pemikiran dan Perjuangannya, Masa 1276-1334 Hijriah, 2013
  2. ^ Fred R. Von der Mehden, Two Worlds of Islam: Interaction Between Southeast Asia and the Middle East, 1993
  3. ^ Oktavika, Devi Anggraini (16 January 2012). "Syekh Ahmad Khatib Al-Minangkabawi, Dari Minang ke Masjidil Haram (1)". Republika Online. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 

Bibliography

  • Ricklefs, M.C. A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1300, 2nd ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.
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