Agriculture in Djibouti

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Agriculture is the third economic activity in Djibouti. Agriculture makes up 3 percent of the wider economy value. Djibouti depends on imports in most foods.[1] Climatic conditions and poor soils limit farm output, and domestic food production meets about 15% of demand. 10% of the Djiboutian workforce are employed in agriculture.

History of agricultural development

A flock of Somali goats

In the year 1999, the amount of vegetation that was produced in Djibouti was about 23,000 tones.[2] Agriculture consists of growing of tomatoes in the country that is usually for the purpose of household utilization and the Date palms are also produced along the coastal fringes of the country. Djibouti harsh climate does not support much variety in the flora. The production in the area of agriculture is limited to a certain extent. In Djibouti the official figure that was give in the year 1991 for employment in agriculture was about 75 percent of the total employment. In Djibouti, farm animals have always received greater importance in comparison to farming and agriculture and it consists of vegetables and fruits. The agricultural products of Djibouti also consist of goats, animal hides, camels and sheep.

Land use and irrigation

Fruit picking

Which 10 km2 dedicated to irrigated agriculture, Under 2% of the land is arable and about 60% is suitable for grazing livestock. Most arable land is in the Tadjourah Region, and the Mabla Mountains near Obock.[3] The highest parts of Goda Mountains receive 300–500 mm of rain annually, and the adjacent area, north to Mabla Mountains, receives 200–300 mm. Central and Southern Boura Mountains and Arta Mountains average 150 to 250 mm.

Fishing

Djibouti has a coastline of 372 km of and a maritime area of 6280 km2 at the crossroads of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.[4] Djibouti's fishing catch was 503 tons by 1981. Most fleets were located on the eastern coast near Djibouti City.

Statistics

Geographic coordinates:


Area: 22,000 km2


Land: 21,980 km2


Water: 20 km2

Coastline: 314 km


Contiguous zone: 24 nm


Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Desert, Dry

Terrain: Coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

Natural resources: Potential geothermal power, Gold, Clay, Granite, Limestone, Marble, Salt, Diatomite, Gypsum, Pumice, Petroleum

Land use:


Arable land: 2%


Permanent crops: 0%


Permanent pastures: 73%


Forests and woodland: 2%


Other: 26% (2016 est.)

Irrigated land: 10 km2

Natural hazards: Earthquakes, Droughts, Occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods.

Notes

  1. ^ Akadar Abdoulkader, Bori; Mohamed, Bourioug; Nabil, Mohamed; Alaoui-Sossé, Badr; Eric, Cavalli; Aleya, Lotfi (2015). "Wastewater use in agriculture in Djibouti: Effectiveness of sand filtration treatments and impact of wastewater irrigation on growth and yield of Panicum maximum". Ecological Engineering. 84: 607–614. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.09.065.
  2. ^ "Plans to develop Djibouti's agriculture and fishing to promote food and employment security". 2016-03-16.
  3. ^ "Faster growing crops could improve food production". 2004-07-07.
  4. ^ "FAO Fishery Country Profile - DJIBOUTI".

External links

  • [1]
  • [2]
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