International Organisation of Vine and Wine

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International Organisation of
Vine and Wine
Organisation Internationale de
la vigne et du vin
Organisation internationale vigne vin 2011.svg
Member states as of 2011
Abbreviation OIV
Predecessor International Vine and Wine Office
Formation January 1, 2004; 14 years ago (2004-01-01)
Type Intergovernmental organisation
Headquarters 18 Rue d’Aguesseau
Paris, France
Fields Winemaking, viticulture
Membership
46 states
Official languages
  • English
  • French
  • Spanish
  • German
  • Italian
Director General
Jean-Marie Aurand
Main organ
OIV General Assembly
Website www.oiv.int

The International Organisation of Vine and Wine (French: Organisation Internationale de la vigne et du vin; OIV) is an intergovernmental organization which deals with technical and scientific aspects of viticulture and winemaking.[1] The field of OIV includes grape production for all purposes, i.e. not just wine, but also table grapes and raisin production.

One of the activities of OIV is the compilation of global statistics within its field.

OIV is based in Paris, and had 45 member states as of 2013.[2]

History

The earliest forerunners of the OIV are the international conferences held as a reaction to the 19th century phylloxera epidemic, with the five-nation Montpellier Congress held October 26 to October 30, 1874 being the foremost among these.[3] The idea of an international organization came up several times during the coming decades, and finally, on November 29, 1924, eight nations signed an agreement concerned with the creation of an International Wine Office (Office international du vin, OIV) in Paris. After that the agreement went back to nations for ratification. The first working session was held at Salon de l’Horloge on December 3, 1927. On September 4, 1958, the organization's name was changed to the International Vine and Wine Office (Office International de la Vigne et du Vin).

The current International Organisation of Vine and Wine was established following a 35-nation agreement on April 3, 2001, and replaced the International Vine and Wine Office. This agreement went into effect on January 1, 2004.[2]

Member states

Scientific wine color determination

The International Organisation of Vine and Wine provides methods to assess the color of a wine using a spectrophotometer and the calculation of indices in the Lab color space.[4]

Resolutions

In 2013, the OIV took a resolution which "recommends obtaining and developing new cultivars which carry multiple resistance loci [...] to lower the risk of selection and of development of more aggressive pathogen strains", especially for downy and powdery mildew.[5]

References

  1. ^ OIV - Presentation, accessed on March 3, 2009
  2. ^ a b OIV members, accessed on December 1st, 2011
  3. ^ OIV - Background, accessed on March 3, 2009
  4. ^ CIELab Color Space Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Federico Castelluci, General Director of the OIV, Secretary of the General Assembly (2013-06-07). "Resolution OIV-VITI 515-2013: Stability of disease resistance in new cultivars by combining resistance loci" (PDF). http://www.oiv.int/. Retrieved 2014-10-25.  External link in |website= (help)

External links

  • OIV's web site
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