Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi

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Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah al-Moosavi
آغا سید حامد علی شاہ موسوی
Picture of Agha Hamid Moosavi Pakistani Shia Leader.jpg
Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi, patron-in-chief of the supreme Shia ulema board, head of Tehreek Nafaz Fiqhe Jafariya (TNFJ)
Religion Islam
School Twelver
Personal
Born (1940-05-12)May 12, 1940
Tharparkar District, Sindh, Pakistan
Senior posting
Based in Pakistan
Title Quaid-i-Millat-e-Jafariya (spiritual leader of the Pakistani Shiites) (Urdu: قائد ملت جعفریہ‎)
Period in office 10 February 1984 - present
Predecessor Mufti Jafar Hussain
Religious career
Post Quaid-i-Millat-e-Jafariya

Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi (Arabic: آغا سید حامد علی شاہ موسوی ‎‎)[1] is the patron-in-chief of the supreme Shia ullama board and president of Tehrik-e-Nafaz-e-Fiqah-e-Jafaria (Arabic: تحریکِ نفاذِ فقہ ‎‎), the Shiite-law implementation movement.[2] His family is descended from Imam Musa al Kadhim, the seventh imam of the Shiites. Moosavi became president of Tehrik-e-Nafaz-e-Fiqah-e-Jafaria of Pakistan after the death of Mufti Jafar Hussain.

Representative of Muhsin al-Hakim

In 1967, Shiites from Rawalpindi and Islamabad asked Muhsin al-Hakim to send a representative to Pakistan. Earlier, Muhammad Saeed al-Hakim had visited Pakistan as a representative of Muhammad Ali al-Hakim. After Ali al-Hakim's death, Muhsin al-Hakim sent Moosavi to Rawalpindi as his representative. Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Ruhollah Khomeini, Abdullah Musawi Shirazi, Jawad Tabrizi, Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi and Mohammad al-Husayni al-Shirazi also named Moosavi their representative.[3]

Guidance from Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr

When Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq imposed martial law in Pakistan on 5 July 1977, he announced his intention to make Pakistan a sectarian state. Moosavi opposed, writing to Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr with an explanation of the regional situation and seeking guidance on protecting Shiite rights. Baqir al-Sadr stressed the need for the government to understand Islamic fundamentals and structure and endorsed Moosavi.[4]

Leadership of Pakistani Shiites

In December 1983, a delegation of Shia scholars asked Moosavi to accept the leadership of Tehrik-e-Nafaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafariya (TNFJ).[5] He accepted the leadership contingent on its endorsement by Pakistani Shiites, and a meeting was held in Dina on 9-10 February 1984. Allamahs Azher Hasan Zaidi, Zamir-ul-Hasan Najafi, Mirza Yousaf Hussain and Bashir Ansari Taxila presided over the convention.

End of Mourning of Muharram ban

In 1984 Zia ul Haq imposed a ban on Husayn ibn Ali mourning processions by legislative amendment, and Moosavi opposed the ban. After the 1985 general election, Muhammad Khan Junejo became Prime Minister of Pakistan. Junejo began negotiations with TNFJ leaders, and an agreement was finalized on 21 May 1985 removing restrictions on religious processions.[6]

Moosavi Peace Formula

The 17-point Moosavi Peace Formula was announced in 1997,[7] and Moosavi has criticized Pakistan's National Action Plan.[8]

References

  1. ^ "TNFJ-Biography". Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. 
  2. ^ "Welcome to TNFJ". 
  3. ^ "TNFJ-Biography". Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. 
  4. ^ "Baqir As-Sadr shattered the foundations of the capitalism, says Moosavi on great philosophers anniv - Jafariya News Network". 
  5. ^ "‘Youm Tajdeed-e-Ehad’". 
  6. ^ http://www.walayat.net/news/2011/may/21-01.htm[dead link]
  7. ^ "Moosavi announces 17-point code of Azadari". 
  8. ^ "Successes achieved in National Action Plan are laudable but flaws in its implementation should be removed: Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi". 
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