Agencies of the European Union

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An agency of the European Union is a decentralised body of the European Union (EU), which is distinct from the institutions. Agencies are established to accomplish specific tasks. Each agency has its own legal personality. Some answer the need to develop scientific or technical know-how in certain fields, others bring together different interest groups to facilitate dialogue at European and international level.

There are over 40 agencies, divided into 4 groups:[1]

Current agencies

Decentralised agencies

Distinct from EU institutions, the agencies of the European Union were set up to accomplish very specific tasks such as promoting environmental protection, transport safety and multilingualism. They span Europe – Dublin to Helsinki, Tallinn to Lisbon – providing services, information and know-how to the general public. Most agencies were categorised under the three pillars of the European Union, but this structure was abolished with the entry into force of the Lisbon treaty. The European Space Agency has been proposed as a future agency of the EU.[2]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA  Bilbao Spain 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[3]
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop Thessaloniki Greece 1975 members: EU states
observers: Iceland, Norway[4]
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions EUROFOUND  Dublin Ireland 1975 members: EU states, European Commission
observers:EFTA[5]
European Environment Agency EEA  Copenhagen Denmark 1994 members: EU states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey[6]
co-operating: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT  Budapest Hungary 2010 members: EU states
European Training Foundation ETF  Turin Italy 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[7]
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA  Lisbon Portugal 1993 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament, Norway
observers: Turkey[8]
European Medicines Agency EMA  London (1995-2019)[a]
 Amsterdam (2019-)
United Kingdom (1995-2019)[a]
The Netherlands (2019-)
1995 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[10]
European Union Intellectual Property Office[11] EUIPO[12]  Alicante Spain 1999 members: EU states, European Commission[13]
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO  Angers France 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[14]
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT  Luxembourg Luxembourg 1994 members: EU states, European Commission[15]
European Food Safety Authority EFSA  Parma Italy 2002 members: EU states
observers European Commission, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA  Lisbon Portugal 2002 members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Norway[16]
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA  Cologne Germany 2003 members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland[17]
observers: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, UNMIK[18]
European Network and Information Security Agency ENISA  Heraklion Greece 2005 members: EU states[19]
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC  Stockholm Sweden 2005 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[20]
European GNSS Agency GSA  Prague Czech Republic 2004 members: EU states, European Commission
observers: Norway, European Space Agency[21]
European Railway Agency ERA  Valenciennes and  Lille France 2004 members: EU states, European Commission, Norway[22]
European Fisheries Control Agency EFCA  Vigo Spain 2005 members: EU states, European Commission[23]
European Chemicals Agency ECHA  Helsinki Finland 2007 members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Norway[24]
European Institute for Gender Equality EIGE  Vilnius Lithuania 2007 members: EU states[25]
European Defence Agency EDA  Brussels Belgium 2004 members: EU states without Denmark; European Commission
participant: Norway
European Institute for Security Studies ISS  Paris France 2001
European Union Satellite Centre SatCen  Madrid Spain 2002
The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training CEPOL  Budapest Hungary 2005 members: EU states
associates: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland[26]
European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation Europol  The Hague The Netherlands 1999 members: EU states
European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operation Eurojust  The Hague The Netherlands 2002 members: EU states
Fundamental Rights Agency FRA  Vienna Austria 2007 members: EU states, European Commission, Council of Europe[27]
Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications BEREC  Riga Latvia 2010 members: EU states, European Commission[28]
European Systemic Risk Board ESRB  Frankfurt Germany 2010 [29]
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ACER  Ljubljana Slovenia 2011
European Banking Authority EBA  London (2011-2019)[a]
 Paris (2019-)
United Kingdom (2011-2019)[a]
France (2019-)
2011 [30]
European Securities and Markets Authority ESMA  Paris France 2011 [31]
European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority EIOPA  Frankfurt Germany 2011 [32]
European Asylum Support Office EASO  Valletta Malta 2011[33]
European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT Systems in the area of freedom, security and justice[34] eu-LISA[35]  Tallinn[36] Estonia 2012
European Border and Coast Guard Agency Frontex  Warsaw Poland 2016[37] members: EU states, except United Kingdom and Ireland, Schengen Area states not members of the EU
  1. ^ a b c d With the United Kingdom scheduled to leave the EU on 30 March 2019, the EU decided to relocate the agencies based in London to Amsterdam and Paris on 20 November 2017.[9]

Executive agencies

Executive agencies are created by European Commission for a fixed period.

Official name Abbreviation Location
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises EASME Brussels
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency EACEA Brussels
Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency Chafea Luxembourg
Innovation and Networks Executive Agency INEA Brussels
Research Executive Agency REA Brussels
European Research Council Executive Agency ERC Brussels

Euratom agencies

Official name Abbreviation Location
Euratom Supply Agency ESA Luxembourg
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy F4E Barcelona

Independent bodies

Official name Abbreviation Location
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT Budapest
European Data Protection Supervisor EDPS Brussels
Authority for European political parties and European political foundations European Parliament

Proposed agencies

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Public Prosecutor's Office EPPO  Luxembourg[38] Luxembourg first half of 2019 members: EU states, except Denmark, United Kingdom and Ireland as well as Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland and Sweden[39]

Former agencies

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Abolished Members and observers
European Agency for Reconstruction EAR Thessaloniki Greece 2000 2008 members: EU states, European Commission[40]
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex  Warsaw Poland 2005 2016

See also

References

  1. ^ Anonymous (5 July 2016). "Agencies and other EU bodies - European Union - European Commission". European Union. 
  2. ^ "ESA BR-268" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "OSHA membership". Europa (web portal). 1 January 2000. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Cedefop membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "EUROFOUND membership". Europa (web portal). 3 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "EEA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "ETF membership". Europa (web portal). 1 June 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "EMCDDA membership". Europa (web portal). 10 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Paris and Amsterdam to host key EU agencies post-Brexit". BBC News. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-01. 
  10. ^ "EMA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  11. ^ Former Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
  12. ^ Former OHIM
  13. ^ "OHIM membership" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  14. ^ "CPVO membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "CdT membership" (PDF). [permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "EMSA membership". Extranet.emsa.europa.eu. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  17. ^ "EASA members". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  18. ^ "EASA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  19. ^ "ENISA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  20. ^ "ECDC observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  21. ^ "GSA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  22. ^ "ERA observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  23. ^ "CFCA membership". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  24. ^ "ECHA membership". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  25. ^ "EIGE membership". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "CEPOL membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  27. ^ "FRA membership". Europa (web portal). 15 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  28. ^ "About BEREC". Erg.eu.int. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  29. ^ "ESRB legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  30. ^ "EBA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  31. ^ "ESMA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  32. ^ "EIOPA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  34. ^ Regulation 1077/2011 establishing a European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  35. ^ Anonymous (16 June 2016). "European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA) - European Union - European Commission". European Union. 
  36. ^ Valentina Pop. "Estonia and France are candidates for IT agency seat". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  37. ^ "Frontex | News - European Border and Coast Guard Agency launches today". frontex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-10-13. 
  38. ^ "Ministry of Justice: New European Public Prosecutor's Office to be based in Luxembourg". 8 June 2017. 
  39. ^ "European Public Prosecutor's Office - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. 
  40. ^ "EAR membership". Retrieved 23 April 2011. 

External links

The following links are all part of the official EU-website.

  • EU's main site about agencies
    • Decentralised agencies

Attribution of the seat of EU agencies:

  • European Council conclusions, December 2003

Recommended reading:

  • Governance of the EU: The Reform Debate on European Agencies Reignited


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