Administrative divisions of Nepal

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The administrative divisions of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रशासनिक विभाजन Nēpālakō praśāsanika vibhājana) are subnational administrative units of Nepal. The first level of country subdivisions of Nepal are the Provinces. Each province is further subdivided into Districts and districts into Municipalities and rural municipalities.

Fulfilling the requirement of the new constitution of Nepal in 2015, all old municipalities and villages (which were more than 3900 in number) were restructured into 753 new Municipalities and Villages. The former 75 district development committees (DDC) were also replaced by 77 new District Coordination Committees (DCC) which have much less power than the DDCs. At present there are 6 Metropolitan Cities, 11 Sub-Metropolitan Cities, 276 Municipalities, and 460 Rural Municipalities.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Federal Government
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7 Province (e.g. Karnali Pradesh)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
77 District (e.g. Sunsari District)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6 Metro City (e.g. Kathmandu)
 
11 Sub-Metro City (e.g. Dharan)
 
276 Municipality (e.g. Triyuga)
 
460 Rural Municipality (e.g. Sidingwa)
 
 

Provinces

Map of Nepal With 7 Provinces

Nepal is composed of seven provinces.[1] They are defined by schedule 4 of the new constitution, by grouping together the existing districts. Two districts however are split in two parts ending up in two different provinces.

Provinces of Nepal according to current name, capital cities, area and population

Provinces Capital Area (km2) Population (2011)
1 Province No. 1 Biratnagar 25,905 4,534,943
2 Province No. 2 Janakpur 9,661 5,404,145
3 Province No. 3 Hetauda 20,300 5,529,452
4 Gandaki Pradesh Pokhara 21,504 2,413,907
5 Province No. 5 Butwal 22,288 4,891,025
6 Karnali Pradesh Birendranagar 27,984 1,168,515
7 Province No. 7 Dhangadhi 19,539 2,552,517

Districts

Provinces are further divided into districts, of which there are 77 (as of 2017).[2] Each districts is governed by a District Coordination Committee

Districts of Nepal
# Districts Headquarters Area (km2.) Population (2011)[3]
1 Taplejung District Taplejung 3,646 127,461
2 Panchthar District Phidim 1,241 191,817
3 Ilam District Ilam 1,703 290,254
4 Jhapa District Bhadrapur 1,606 812,650
5 Morang District Biratnagar 1,855 965,370
6 Sunsari District Inaruwa 1,257 763,487
7 Dhankuta District Dhankuta 891 163,412
8 Terhathum District Myanglung 679 101,577
9 Sankhuwasabha District Khandbari 3,480 158,742
10 Bhojpur District Bhojpur 1,507 182,459
11 Solukhumbu District Dudhkunda 3,312 105,886
12 Okhaldhunga District Siddhicharan 1,074 147,984
13 Khotang District Diktel 1,591 206,312
14 Udayapur District Triyuga 2,063 317,532
15 Saptari District Rajbiraj 1,363 639,284
16 Siraha District Siraha 1,188 637,328
17 Dhanusa District Janakpur 1,180 754,777
18 Mahottari District Jaleshwar 1,002 627,580
19 Sarlahi District Malangwa 1,259 769,729
20 Sindhuli District Kamalamai 2,491 296,192
21 Ramechhap District Manthali 1,546 202,646
22 Dolakha District Bhimeshwar 2,191 186,557
23 Sindhupalchok District Chautara 2,542 287,798
24 Kavrepalanchok District Dhulikhel 1,396 381,937
25 Lalitpur District Lalitpur 385 468,132
26 Bhaktapur District Bhaktapur 119 304,651
27 Kathmandu District Kathmandu 395 1,744,240
28 Nuwakot District Bidur 1,121 277,471
29 Rasuwa District Dhunche 1,544 43,300
30 Dhading District Nilkantha 1,926 336,067
31 Makwanpur District Hetauda 2,426 420,477
32 Rautahat District Gaur 1,126 686,722
33 Bara District Kalaiya 1,190 687,708
34 Parsa District Birganj 1,353 601,017
35 Chitwan District Bharatpur 2,218 579,984
36 Gorkha District Gorkha 3,610 271,061
37 Lamjung District Besisahar 1,692 167,724
38 Tanahu District Byas 1,546 323,288
39 Syangja District Putalibazar 1,164 289,148
40 Kaski District Pokhara 2,017 492,098
41 Manang District Chame 2,246 6,538
42 Mustang District Jomsom 3,573 13,452
43 Myagdi District Beni 2,297 113,641
44 Parbat District Kusma 494 146,590
45 Baglung District Baglung 1,784 268,613
46 Gulmi District Resunga 1,149 280,160
47 Palpa District Tansen 1,373 261,180
48 Parasi District Ramgram 634.88 321,058
49 Nawalpur District Kawasoti 1,043.1 310,864
50 Rupandehi District Siddharthanagar 1,360 880,196
51 Kapilvastu District Kapilvastu 1,738 571,936
52 Arghakhanchi District Sandhikharka 1,193 197,632
53 Pyuthan District Pyuthan 1,309 228,102
54 Rolpa District Liwang 1,879 224,506
55 Eastern Rukum District Rukumkot 1,161.13 53,018
56 Western Rukum District Musikot 1,213.49 154,272
57 Salyan District Salyan 1,462 242,444
58 Dang District Tribhuwannagar 2,955 552,583
59 Banke District Nepalganj 2,337 491,313
60 Bardiya District Gulariya 2,025 426,576
61 Surkhet District Birendranagar 2,451 350,804
62 Dailekh District Narayan 1,502 261,770
63 Jajarkot District Khalanga 2,230 171,304
64 Dolpa District Dunai 7,889 36,700
65 Jumla District Chandannath 2,531 108,921
66 Kalikot District Manma 1,741 136,948
67 Mugu District Gamgadhi 3,535 55,286
68 Humla District Simikot 5,655 50,858
69 Bajura District Martadi 2,188 134,912
70 Bajhang District Jayaprithvi 3,422 195,159
71 Achham District Mangalsen 1,680 257,477
72 Doti District Dipayal Silgadhi 2,025 211,746
73 Kailali District Dhangadhi 3,235 775,709
74 Kanchanpur District Bhimdatta 1,610 451,248
75 Dadeldhura District Amargadhi 1,538 142,094
76 Baitadi District Dasharathchand 1,519 250,898
77 Darchula District Api 2,322 133,274

Municipalities

Urban Municipalities

Municipalities are places having at least some minimum criteria of population and infrastructure and declared as a municipality by the government. There are 283 municipalities in Nepal.

Urban municipalities are categorized into 3 levels:

  • Metropolitan city (Mahanagarpalika)
  • Sub metropolitan city (Upmahanagarpalika)
  • Municipality (Nagarpalika)

There are six metropolitan cities: The capital city Kathmandu, as well as Bharatpur, Biratnagar, Pokhara, Lalitpur and Birgunj. There are 11 Sub-metropolitan Cities and 276 Municipalities.

Rural Municipalities

Rural Municipalities (Gaunpalikas) were established in 2017, replacing the Village Development Committees. The main purpose of a Gaunpalika resembles that of a Village Development Committee, but it has more rights on collection of royalty and taxes and has a higher annual budget than the VDC. There are 460 Gaunpalikas in Nepal.

Former administrative units

See also

References

  1. ^ "Nepal divided by new constitution - Foreign Policy News". foreignpolicynews.org. Retrieved 2018-04-07. 
  2. ^ "There will be 77 districts in the country: Minister Thapa". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-07. 
  3. ^ 2011 Census District Level Detail Report, Central Bureau of Statistics.
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