Administrative divisions of Moldova

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Administrative divisions

According to the Moldovan law on territorial administrative organisation, Moldova is divided administratively into the following administrative territorial units: districts (Romanian: raioane; see also raions), cities/towns (Romanian: orașe) and villages (Romanian: sate).[1] The administrative territorial organization of Moldova is made on 2 levels:[2][3]

  1. villages (communes), sectors and cities/towns (municipalities) constitute the first level,
  2. districts, Chișinău municipality, Bălți municipality and Bender municipality constitute the second level.

Two or more villages can form together a commune (Romanian: comună).[4]

Currently, Moldova is divided into the following first-tier units,[5] which include 32 districts:

three municipalities:

two autonomous territorial units:

  1. Gagauzia (officially "Autonomous Territorial Unit Gagauzia")
  2. Transnistria (officially "Territorial administrative units from the left part of Nistru river")

The final status of the latter has not been settled yet, as the region, such as defined administratively, in fact is not under the control of Moldovan authorities. The cities of Comrat and Tiraspol also have municipality status, but are not among first-tier units of Moldova; they are the seats of Gagauzia and Transnistria, respectively.[citation needed] Besides Chișinău, Bălți, Bender, Comrat, and Tiraspol, on 13 April 2017 eight more became municipalities: Cahul, Ceadîr-Lunga, Edineț, Hîncești, Orhei, Soroca, Strășeni, and Ungheni.[6]

Current administrative divisions of Moldova

Localities

Moldova has a total of 1,682 localities; from these 982 are incorporated (de jure with 982 mayors and 982 local councils), including 53 cities/towns, other 13 cities with municipality status (see municipiu), and 916 rural localities.[7] They cover the entire area of the country. A number of villages are self-governed, while others 700 villages are too small to have a separate administration, and are part of either cities/towns/municipalities (41 of them) or communes (659). Few localities are inhabited.

Current divisions

In the administrative-territorial structure of Moldova are 898 first level administrative territorial units (cities/towns, sectors and villages (communes)).[8]

The status of Chișinău, Bălți, and Bender as municipalities and first-level territorial units of the country allows their suburb villages to have, when large enough, their own mayor and local council. By contrast, the villages that are administratively part of (some of) the other cities do not retain self-rule.

  • Districts (32):
Name of district District seat President Area
(km²)
Population (2011) Population
density
Towns/
villages
Anenii Noi Anenii Noi Vladimir Vâzdoagă 892 83,100 93.2 45
Basarabeasca Basarabeasca Ilie Cernăuțan 295 29,200 99.0 10
Briceni Briceni Efimia Bendulac 814 75,300 92.5 39
Cahul Cahul Avram Micinschi 1,546 124,800 80.7 56
Cantemir Cantemir Ion Balan 870 62,800 72.2 51
Călărași Călărași Ilie Rău 753 78,800 104.6 54
Căușeni Căușeni Ilie Gluh 1,163 92,300 79.3 48
Cimișlia Cimișlia Ion Veveriță 923 61,700 66.8 39
Criuleni Criuleni Vitalie Rotaru 688 73,100 106.2 43
Dondușeni Dondușeni Anastasie Pavlov 645 45,100 70.0 30
Drochia Drochia Andrei Marian 1,000 90,100 90.1 40
Dubăsari Dubăsari Grigore Policinschi 309 35,200 113.9 15
Edineț Edineț Oleg Scutaru 933 82,900 88.9 49
Fălești Fălești Valeriu Muduc 1,073 92,600 86.3 76
Florești Florești Ștefan Paniș 1,108 90,000 81.2 74
Glodeni Glodeni Valeriu Țarigradschi 754 61,900 82.1 35
Hîncești Hîncești Grigore Cobzac 1,484 122,000 82.2 63
Ialoveni Ialoveni Nicolae Andronache 783 99,100 126.5 34
Leova Leova Efrosinia Grețu 775 53,800 69.4 39
Nisporeni Nisporeni Vasile Bîtcă 630 66,800 106.0 39
Ocnița Ocnița Ion Tomai 597 56,100 94.0 33
Orhei Orhei Ion Ștefârță 1,228 125,900 102.5 75
Rezina Rezina Eleonora Graur 621 52,600 84.7 41
Rîșcani Rîșcani Ion Parea 936 70,000 74.8 55
Sîngerei Sîngerei Gheorghe Meaun 1,033 93,400 90.4 70
Soroca Soroca Mircea Martîniuc 1,043 100,400 96.3 68
Strășeni Strășeni Petru Voloșciuc 730 91,300 125.1 39
Șoldănești Șoldănești Alexandru Relițchi 598 43,300 72.4 33
Ștefan Vodă Ștefan Vodă Vasile Buzu 998 71,900 72.0 26
Taraclia Taraclia Vasile Plagov 674 44,200 65.6 26
Telenești Telenești Boris Burcă 849 74,200 87.4 54
Ungheni Ungheni Iurie Toma 1,083 117,400 108.4 74
  • Municipalities of first-tier (3):
Municipality Mayor Area
(km²)
Population (2011) Population
density
Towns/
villages
Chișinău Dorin Chirtoacă 635 789,500 1243.3 35
Bălți Renato Usatîi 78 148,900 1909.0 3
Bender Yuriy Gervachuk 97 101,000 1041.2 2
  • Autonomous territories (2):
Name of autonomy Autonomy Seat Leader Area
(km²)
Population (2011) Population
density
Towns/
villages
Găgăuzia Comrat Irina Vlah 1,832 160,700 87.7 35
Transnistria Tiraspol Vadim Krasnoselsky 4,163 518,700 124.6 147

Notes

Areas not under central government control include:

  • Transnistria, which with the exception of six communes (comprising a total of ten localities) corresponds to the geographic part of Moldova situated to the east of the Dniestr (Romanian: Nistru) river, is de jure a part of Moldova, but in fact is governed by breakaway authorities (see also: War of Transnistria). The city of Dubăsari (geographically and administratively in Transnistria, and not in the Dubăsari District), and six communes (administratively in the Dubăsari District of Moldova, and not in the administrsative definition of Transnistria), all controlled by the central authorities (except the village of Roghi in commune Molovata Nouă, which is controlled by Tiraspol), form the northern part of the security zone set at the end of the war.
  • Bender municipality (the city itself, plus the commune Proteagailovca), and three communes (five localities) of Căușeni District (Gîsca, Chițcani, and Cremenciug) are de facto controlled by the breakaway regime of Transnistria. Together with the commune Varnița of Anenii Noi District and the commune Copanca of Căușeni District under Moldovan control, these localities form the southern part of the security zone set at the end of the war. The city of Bender has both a Moldovan police force (mostly symbolic) and a Transnistrian militsiya force (practically in charge in most instances).

Population

  • The smallest entity electing a mayor is the commune of Salcia, in Taraclia District (population 441). It consists of the village of Salcia, population 382, and the village of Orehovca, population 59. The largest entity is the municipality of Chișinău, electing a mayor for 712,218 inhabitants.
  • The largest number of localities governed by a single commune or city government in Moldova is 6. This is the case for:
On the opposite end, 42 of the 66 cities, and about half the communes of Moldova have local administration providing services for a single locality.
The village of Schinoasa was outlined within commune Țibirica, Călărași District in 2007, and information is not available yet whether it has any population.
  • Village (hamlet) Ivanovca, commune Natalievca, Fălești District, population 19, inhabited by 14 Russians and 5 Ukrainians, is the only inhabited locality in Moldova without any ethnic Moldovans. On the opposite end, one commune, Cigîrleni, Ialoveni District, population 2,411, and 42 villages of sub-commune level (population varying from 1 to 673), have a 100% Moldovan population.

Coincidal names

There are 147 settlement names shared by multiple localities in Moldova. Most notable cases includes these:

Previous divisions

Counties (1998-2003)

Former counties of Moldova.

Between 1998 and February 2003, Moldova was divided into 12 territorial units, including 1 municipality, 1 autonomous territorial unit, 1 territorial unit, and 9 counties (Romanian: județe; seats in brackets):

  1. Chișinău municipality, surrounded by Chișinău county, but different from it
  2. Bălți County (Bălți)
  3. Cahul County (Cahul)
  4. Chișinău County (Chișinău)
  5. Edineț County (Edineț)
  6. Lăpușna County (Hîncești)
  7. Orhei County (Orhei)
  8. Soroca County (Soroca)
  9. Tighina County (Căușeni)
  10. Ungheni County (Ungheni)
  11. Găgăuzia, autonomous territorial unit (Comrat)
  12. Stânga Nistrului, territorial unit (Dubăsari)

In October 1999 a Taraclia County was split out from the Cahul County; it coincides with the current Taraclia District.

Cities and districts (1991-1998)

Between 1991-1998, Moldova was divided into 10 cities and 40 districts:[9]

Cities
Districts
  • Anenii Noi
  • Basarabeasca
  • Brinceni
  • Cahul
  • Camenca
  • Cantemir
  • Căinari
  • Călărași
  • Căușeni
  • Ceadîr-Lunga
  • Cimișlia
  • Comrat
  • Criuleni
  • Dondușeni
  • Drochia
  • Dubăsari
  • Edineț
  • Fălești
  • Florești
  • Glodeni
  • Grigoriopol
  • Hîncești
  • Ialoveni
  • Leova
  • Nisporeni
  • Ocnița
  • Orhei
  • Rezina
  • Rîbnița
  • Rîșcani
  • Sîngerei
  • Slobozia
  • Soroca
  • Strășeni
  • Șoldănești
  • Ștefan Vodă
  • Taraclia
  • Telenești
  • Ungheni
  • Vulcănești

See also

References

  1. ^ Law no. 764-XV from 27.12.2001 on territorial administrative organisation of the Republic of Moldova, article 4 para. 1 (in Romanian)
  2. ^ Law no. 764-XV from 27.12.2001 on territorial administrative organisation of the Republic of Moldova, article 4 para. 4 (in Romanian) [public domain]
  3. ^ Administrative-territorial organization of Moldova
  4. ^ Law no. 764-XV from 27.12.2001 on territorial administrative organisation of the Republic of Moldova, article 5 para. 2
  5. ^ Administrative-territorial units of Moldova[dead link]
  6. ^ LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea și completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorială a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
  7. ^ Clasificatorul unităţilor administrativ-teritoriale (CUATM) (in Romanian)
  8. ^ Report on the Territorial Administrative Structure Options for the Republic of Moldova. March 2015
  9. ^ www.statoids.com

External links

  • Moldovan Ministry of Local Public Administration
  • Law № 764-XV/2001 on the administrative organization of the Republic of Moldova available on Wikisource.
    • Modification 37-XV-14.02.2003
    • Modification 124-XV-18.03.2003
  • Moldovan Law 431-XIII from April 19, 1995, Monitorul Oficial al Republicii Moldova, no. 31-32/340, June 9, 1995
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