Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias

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State-owned public company
Industry Construction and Management of Rail Infrastructure Telecommunications
Predecessors Renfe Operadora

Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha

Gestor de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias
Founded 1 January 2005
Headquarters Madrid, Spain
Key people
D. Juan Bravo Rivera, Chairman
Products Public rail transport
Revenue 2,948.7 million (2010)[1]
gross operating profit: 399.7 million (2010)[2]
Number of employees
13,761 (2010) [3]

ADIF (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈðif], an acronym of Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias) is a Spanish state-owned railway infrastructure manager under the responsibility of the Ministry of Development, charged with the management of most of Spain's railway infrastructure, that is the track, signaling and stations.[4] It was formed in 2005 in response to European Union requirements to separate the natural monopoly of infrastructure management from the competitive operations of running train services. It is the legal successor of RENFE, FEVE (Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha), and GIF (Gestor de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias).


ADIF is the result of Railway Sector Act, which arises from the transposition of European directives. It requires that large European national railway independently manage the infrastructure and trains on it. The ultimate goal was to allow any other rail operator operating on the network to do so on equal terms with the operator, in this case, Renfe, promoting free competition. The RENFE division became effective on January 1, 2005 between the two companies:

  1. Renfe Operator (newly created entity): Owner of trains and responsible for its circulation, which works in competition with other railway companies
  2. ADIF (Legal successor of RENFE): Owner of infrastructure and responsible for its management, which provides its services to any rail operator who requests

A similar operation was conducted on December 31, 2012 with FEVE, a company that managed the narrow gauge railways. ADIF took charge of all narrow gauge infrastructures not transferred to the autonomous governments.


ADIF is responsible for administrating rail infrastructures (tracks, stations, freight terminals, etc.), managing rail traffic distributing capacity to rail operators, and the collection of fees for infrastructure, station and freight terminal use [5]

Current High-Speed Rail Lines in Spain

Date Completed Line
April 1992 Madrid–Seville HSL
October 2003 Madrid–Zaragoza–Lleida section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
April 2005 Zaragoza–Huesca section (Madrid – Huesca HSL)
November 2005 Madrid–Toledo HSL
December 2006 Lleida–Camp de Tarragona section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
December 2007 Madrid–Valladolid section (Madrid – Leon HSL)
December 2007 Antequera–Malaga section (Madrid – Malaga HSL)
February 2008 Camp de Tarragona–Barcelona section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
December 2010 Figueres–Perthus Tunnel (managed by TP Ferro) and Nudo Mollet Junction-Girona sections (Madrid-Barcelona-French Border HSL)
December 2010 Madrid–Cuenca–Albacete–Valencia section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)
December 2011 Ourense–Santiago de Compostela–A Coruña section (Madrid – Galicia and Atlantic Corridor HSL)
January 2013 Barcelona–Figueres Section (Madrid – Barcelona – French Border HSL)
June 2013 Albacete–Alicante section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)
April 2015 Santiago de Compostela–Vigo section (Atlantic Corridor HSL)
September 2015 Valladolid–Venta de Baños–Leon section (Madrid – Leon HSL)
September 2015 Valladolid–Venta de Baños–Leon section (Madrid – Leon HSL)
January 2018 Valencia–Castellón section (Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region HSL)

High-Speed Rail Lines under Construction in Spain

  1. León - Asturias (Pajares New Line). Length: 49.7 km
  2. Venta de Baños - Burgos - Vitoria. Length: 200.4 km
  3. Vitoria - Bilbao - San Sebastián. Length: 176.5 km (including accesses to cities)
  4. Madrid - Galicia. Olmedo - Zamora - Lubián - Ourense sections. Approximate length: 363 km
  5. Madrid – Castile-La Mancha – Valencia Region – Murcia Region. Length: 955 km (603 in service and 352 under construction)
  6. Extension of Madrid Southern Access-Torrejón de Velasco
  7. High-speed Mediterranean Corridor. Murcia-Almería section. Length: 184.4 km (not including the Murcia Railway Network)
  8. Antequera-Granada. Length: 125.7 km
  9. Madrid - Extremadura - Portuguese Border. Estimated length: 450 km
  10. Madrid: Atocha-Chamartín connection. Length: 8.2 km [6]

Financial Information

Turnover (millions of euros)[7]
2008 2009 2010 Variation 09-10
Net business turnover 1,807.0 1,963.0 1,999.8 1.87%
Gross operating profit (EBITDA) 204.7 278.0 399.7 43.78%
Income 2,718.9 2,819.4 2,948.7 4.59%
Operating costs 1,568.3 1,769.5 1,766.1 -0.19%
Salary and Compensation to Employees 653.0 674.5 710.5 5.34%
Total economic value distributed 2,542.4 2,546.2 2,573.5 1.07%


  1. ^[permanent dead link] Executive Summary page 22/23
  2. ^[permanent dead link] Executive Summary page 22/23
  3. ^[permanent dead link] Executive Summary page 22/23
  4. ^ Conocer Adif, Adif, retrieved 25 June 2010. (in Spanish)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-26. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Executive Summary page 22/23[permanent dead link]

External links

  • Official site
  • Líneas, the official Adif magazine
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