Adelaide Oval

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Adelaide Oval

Adelaide Oval Logo.svg
Adelaide city centre view crop.jpg

Ausvsnz 08 adelaide scoreboard.jpg
Location War Memorial Drive
Adelaide, South Australia
Australia
Coordinates 34°54′56″S 138°35′46″E / 34.91556°S 138.59611°E / -34.91556; 138.59611Coordinates: 34°54′56″S 138°35′46″E / 34.91556°S 138.59611°E / -34.91556; 138.59611
Owner South Australian Government
Operator Adelaide Oval SMA Ltd
Capacity 53,583[1]
Field size 167 x 124 metres[2]
Opened 1871
Tenants
Cricket

Australia (1884–present)
South Australia (1874–present)
Adelaide Strikers (2011–present)

Australian rules football
Adelaide (2014–present)
Port Adelaide (1975–76, 2011, 2014–present)
Website
www.adelaideoval.com.au
Ground information
End names
River End
Cathedral End
International information
First Test 12–16 December 1884:
 Australia v  England
Last Test 2–6 December 2017:
 Australia v  England
First ODI 20 December 1975:
 Australia v  West Indies
Last ODI 26 January 2018:
 Australia v  England
First T20I 12 January 2011:
 Australia v  England
Last T20I 22 February 2017:
 Australia v  Sri Lanka
First women's Test 15–18 January 1949:
 Australia v  England
Last women's Test 18–20 February 2006:
 Australia v  India
First WODI 3 February 1996:
 Australia v  New Zealand
Last WODI 11 February 2010:
 Australia v  New Zealand
First WT20I 12 January 2011:
 Australia v  England
Last WT20I 22 February 2017:
 Australia v  New Zealand
As of 26 January 2018
Source: ESPN Cricinfo

Adelaide Oval is a sports ground in Adelaide, South Australia, located in the parklands between the city centre and North Adelaide. The venue is predominantly used for cricket and Australian rules football, but has also played host to rugby league, rugby union, soccer, tennis among other sports as well as regularly being used to hold concerts.[3] Austadiums.com described Adelaide Oval as being "one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world".[4] After the completion of the grounds most recent redevelopment in 2014, sports journalist Gerard Whateley described the venue as being "the most perfect piece of modern architecture because it's a thoroughly contemporary stadium with all the character that it's had in the past".[5]

Adelaide Oval has been headquarters to the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA) since 1871 and South Australian National Football League (SANFL) since 2014.[6] The stadium is managed by the Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority (AOSMA). Its record crowd for cricket was 55,317 for the Second Ashes Test on 2 December 2017[7] and its record crowd for an Australian rules football match was 62,543 at the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between the Port Adelaide and Sturt.

Contents

Development

Adelaide Oval grandstands in 1889.

In 1871 the ground was established after the formation of South Australian Cricket Association.[8]

During 1888 a switchback rollercoaster was constructed and was adjacent to Adelaide Oval where the present Riverbank stand resides.[9]

In 1900 a picket fence was put in place around Oval's playing surface.

In 1911 the current Adelaide Oval scoreboard, designed by architect Kenneth Milne, began service.

In 1990 the Sir Donald Bradman stand was built to replace the John Creswell stand and provided up to date facilities for spectators.

In 1997 lights were constructed at the ground allowing sport to be held at night. This was the subject of a lengthy dispute with the Adelaide City Council relating to the parklands area. The first towers erected were designed to retract into the ground; however one collapsed and they were replaced with permanent towers.

In 2003 two grandstands, named the Chappell Stands, after the South Australian cricketing brothers Ian Chappell, Greg Chappell and Trevor Chappell were completed.

Temporary stands were constructed for the 2006 Ashes series to cope with demand.

View of the Oval in 2006, prior to the stadium's redevelopment

In August 2008 the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA) announced that it had approved plans to redevelop the ground, involving expanding its capacity to 40,000. Development plans showed a reconfiguration of the playing surface and a remodelled western stand. The redevelopment would make the ground a viable option for hosting Australian Football League games as well as international soccer and rugby. The state and federal Governments each pledged $25m to the project, leaving the SACA to raise at least $45m. The SACA planned for the new stand to be ready in time for the 2010–11 Ashes series.[10] The South Australian government announced it would commit funding to redevelop Adelaide Oval into a multi-purpose sports facility that would bring AFL football to central Adelaide.[11] Announcing an agreement negotiated with SACA, SANFL and the AFL, the Rann Labor government committed $450 million to the project.[12]

The three original western stands were demolished (George Giffen stand (1882), Sir Edwin Smith stand (1922), Mostyn Evan stand (1920s)) were torn down in June 2009[13] and a single Western stand was developed in its place ahead of the 2010–11 Ashes series.[14] The Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority (AOSMA), a joint venture of SACA and the South Australian National Football League (SANFL), was registered as a company on 23 December 2009 following the re-announcement of the plan.[15] The AOSMA has eight directors, four associated with SACA (Ian McLachlan-Chair, John Harnden, Creagh O’Connor & John Bannon) and four with SANFL (Leigh Whicker-CEO, Rod Payze, Philip Gallagher & Jamie Coppins).[16]

In 2010 the new Western stand was completed incorporating 14,000 individual seats and features improved shading conditions and amenities for SACA members.[17] In the lead up to the 2010 state election, the opposition SA Liberals announced that, if elected, it would build with a new stadium with a roof, located at Riverside West at the site of the state government's new hospital location.[18][19] The incumbent SA Labor government subsequently announced it would fund a $450 million upgrade and redevelopment of the whole of Adelaide Oval, rather than just the Western Grand Stand.[20] Labor narrowly won re-election in 2010, resulting in its Adelaide Oval upgrade policy going ahead though eventually for a steeper $535 million, of which this deal included the State Government clearing the SACA's (South Australian Cricket Association) $85 million debt.

Left: The George Giffen stand on the western side of the oval prior to redevelopment.
Right: New western stand being used for the 2013 Ashes.

However, in early-mid-2010, prior to the election, it became clear that $450m would be inadequate. Following the 2010 state election, the Rann Labor government capped the State Government's commitment, stating: "It's $450 million – and not a penny more", and set a deadline for the parties to agree.[21] In May, Treasurer Kevin Foley announced that "the Government's final offer to the SANFL and SACA for the redevelopment" was $535 million, and the deadline was extended to August 2010.[22] Simultaneously, the SACA and the SANFL were in the process of negotiating an agreement that would enable Australian Rules Football (AFL) to use Adelaide Oval during the AFL season as their home ground.[23][24][25][26] In August 2010, SANFL and SACA representatives signed letters of intent committing to the project, including the capped $535 million offer from the state government.[27]

The redevelopment included a $40 million pedestrian bridge across the River Torrens to link the Adelaide railway station precinct with the Adelaide Oval precinct, which was partially completed for the Ashes cricket series in December 2013 and fully completed ahead of the 2014 AFL season.[28][29]

In early 2011, the AFL, SANFL, SACA, the SA Government and the Australian Government reached an agreement to upgrade Adelaide Oval. The SACA and the SANFL proposed, if SACA members vote yes on the upgrade in early May, that the whole Stadium will undergo redevelopment, except for the Northern Mound, the Moreton Bay Fig trees and the scoreboard, which will stay as it is because of it being under heritage listing. A three-quarters majority of SACA members were required to vote in favour of the proposed upgrade for it to ahead, with a successful vote resulting in the SANFL and AFL having control over the stadium for 7 months of the year and SACA having control for 5 months of the year.

SACA members had the choice of voting online on 28 April 2011 or attending in person an Extraordinary Meeting at the Adelaide Showgrounds on 2 May 2011. At 6pm, 28 April 2011, It was announced that 60% of SACA members that voted online voted yes, 15% short of the Majority vote needed for the upgrade to go ahead. At 10.15pm, on 2 May 2011, at the Adelaide Showgrounds, the final result was announced. 80.37% of total votes cast were in favour of Adelaide Oval being redeveloped, resulting in the upgrade and stadium reconfiguration being approved.[30] In 2012 the two grandstands, named the Chappell Stands, after the South Australian cricketing brothers Ian Chappell, Greg Chappell and Trevor Chappell along with The Sir Donald Bradman were demolished.

The upgrade commenced in April 2012. By 2014 the new Eastern Stand was fully completed with a total capacity of 19,000, bringing the overall seating capacity of the stadium to 50,083 in time for the 2014 AFL season.[31][1]

All stands of the Oval were redeveloped and upgraded while the already rebuilt Western grandstand (SACA and SANFL members only stand) had modifications to improve sightlines for some seats and the addition of a new media center and AFL standard interchange benches, the Northern Mound had its seating capacity increased, and the Historic Scoreboard and the Moreton Bay fig trees remained untouched. The Northern Mound, the Moreton Bay fig trees and the Scoreboard are all heritage listed and will likely never be demolished unless damaged beyond repair.[32] This is the only manual scoreboard still operating in major Australasian cricket venues. Due to the 10-letter limit, some names had to be truncated, or be replaced by nicknames.[33] Following a vote by SACA members in favour of the redevelopment of the oval, the South Australian government increased its funding commitment to $535 million.[34]

SACA members vote[35]
Concerns redevelopment of Adelaide Oval†
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 10,078 80.37
No 2,461 19.63
Total votes 12,539 100.00

† Note that a 75% threshold was required in order for approval to be granted

Layout

Adelaide Oval in 2014.

The oval dimensions were originally 190m x 125m,[36] both unusually long and unusually narrow for an Australian cricket/football ground. The arrangement was highly favourable for batsmen who played square of the wicket, and heavily penalised bowlers who delivered the ball short or wide so that the batsman could play cut, hook or pull shots. Before the far ends in front of and behind the wicket were roped off, making the playing area shorter, it was not uncommon for batsmen to hit an all-run four or even occasionally a five.[37]

Pitch

The Adelaide Oval pitch runs North-South. Historically, Adelaide Oval's integral pitch was generally very good for batting, and offering little assistance to bowlers until the last day of a match. Since the redevelopment in 2013, a drop-in pitch has been used at the venue.[38]

Oval

With the 2011–2014 redevelopment completed, the oval dimensions changed to 183m x 134m, making it more suitable for Australian Rules Football, for which the playing field dimensions will be 167m x 124m.

The Hill

The Hill was created in 1898 with earth from the banks of the River Torrens. The Hill for almost all sporting events at the ground is general admission and is often home to the most vocal supporters during cricket matches. The ease of people congregating on The Hill and the proximity to the Adelaide Oval Scoreboard bar is often cited as the reason why the most enthusiastic cricket supporters and barrackers choose The Hill to watch matches.

Scoreboard

The Adelaide Oval scoreboard during an Ashes Test.

The current scoreboard located on The Hill was first used in 1911 and still shows its original Edwardian architecture. The scoreboard is listed on the City of Adelaide Heritage Register, helping to maintain the charm of the ground. There is a bar located under the scoreboard.

Barmy army

On Day 1 of the 1994–95 Ashes Series at Adelaide Oval, a group of supporters of the English Cricket team during the lunch break headed to T Shirt City on Hindley Street and ordered 50 shirts saying "Atherton's Barmy Army" with the Union Jack emblazoned on the back. By the end of the Test over 200 shirts had been purchased.[39] This Test is often cited as the catalyst for the formal establishment of the Barmy Army.

Members Stands

The members stands were the first section of the ground completed in the most recent redevelopment of Adelaide Oval. They retain significant portions of the original members stand such as the brick archways and long room.

Riverbank Stand

The Riverbank stand is the southern stand of Adelaide Oval and gains its name from the River Torrens.

Eastern Stands

The Eastern Stand holds 19,000 spectators. The five segments are named after South Australian Australian rules football identities going North to South they are the Gavin Wanganeen Stand, Fos Williams Stand, Max Basheer Stand, Jack Oatey Stand and Mark Ricciuto Stand.

Cricket

International Cricket

In 1874 a side representing England defeated a South Australian side by 7 wickets in what was the first international cricket match at the ground.
During the third test of the 1932–33 Ashes series Bert Oldfield was struck in the head by a ball from Harold Larwood. This series became known as the Bodyline due to the controversial aggressive tactics of the English.
Adelaide Oval during the 2008 Test series between Australia and India. Sachin Tendulkar can be seen fielding in the left of the image.
The famous Adelaide Oval sunset during a Day-Night match for the 2015 Cricket World Cup.

Test and One Day International. Adelaide Oval hosts some of the many exciting events in the cricketing calendar — including the annual Australia Day One Day International on 26 January (replacing a traditional Australia Day test) and every 4 years, one of the 5 Ashes test matches against England. The tests are now normally held in early December and is a clash between Australia and the international touring team of that particular season.

In 2011, Adelaide Oval held its first Twenty20 International between Australia and England, a match which England won by 1 wicket. Adelaide Oval was the host of the first ever day/night Test match, when Australia played New Zealand on 27 November 2015.

Domestic Cricket

Adelaide Oval is the home ground for the first-class South Australian state cricket team, The West End Southern Redbacks and Twenty20 cricket team, the Adelaide Strikers. The Strikers compete in the Big Bash League. The Southern Redbacks compete in the Sheffield Shield and the Ryobi One Day Cup.

Cricket timeline

  • 1873 December 13 – The first cricket game is played on the ground between Australian born players and players born overseas.
  • 1874 March 1 – England beat South Australia by 7 wickets in the first international cricket match at the ground.[40]
  • 1874 November 7 – South Australia play Victoria on Adelaide Oval for the first time. Victoria won by 15 runs.
  • 1877 November 10 – The first first-class cricket match played at the ground was between South Australia and Tasmania. South Australia was victorious, winning by an innings and 13 runs.[41]
  • 1878 January 30 – The first cricket century at the ground was scored by John Hill, 102 not out for North Adelaide against the Kent Club.[42]
  • 1884 December 12 – The first Test match was played at the Oval. England beat Australia by eight wickets. (Scorecard)
  • 1894 January 15 – Albert Trott collected 8/43 on debut against England, the grounds best single-innings Test match bowling figure.
  • 1931 – Donald Bradman scored the highest Test score at the ground, 299 not out, against South Africa. Clarrie Grimmett collected the most Test wickets in a match at the ground, fourteen, against South Africa.
  • 1932 – The Bodyline affair reached its lowest point at the ground when Bill Woodfull and Bert Oldfield were struck, and on the third day mounted police patrolled to keep the 50,962 spectators in order (a record crowd for cricket at the ground). The total attendance for the match was 174,351.
  • 1946 – Arthur Morris of Australia, and Denis Compton of England both made centuries in both innings of the Test.
  • 1947 – Australia scored the highest team total in a test match at the ground, 674 runs, against India.
  • 1949 January 15 – The first women's test match held at the ground was between England and Australia. Australia would win by 186 runs.
  • 1960 – Australia played the West Indies in the fourth test of the Frank Worrell Trophy. The match ended in a draw, with the West Indies unable to take the final wicket of the fourth innings, as the last batsmen Ken Mackay and Lindsay Kline held out for 109 minutes. West Indies bowler Lance Gibbs took the only Test cricket hat trick at the ground in Australia's first innings. (Scorecard)
  • 1975 – The first One-Day International match at the ground was between Australia and the West Indies. Australia won by 5 wickets. (Scorecard)
  • 1982 – In a Sheffield Shield game against Victoria, David Hookes hit a 43-minute, 34 ball century – by some metrics the fastest hundred in history. (Statistics)
  • 1991 – South Australia compiled the highest fourth innings winning total in Sheffield Shield history, reaching 6/506 (set 506 to win) against Queensland.
  • 1992 – The West Indies defeated Australia by one run in the fourth test of the Frank Worrell Trophy, when a bouncer by Courtney Walsh brushed Craig McDermott's glove to end a 40-run last-wicket partnership. It was the narrowest victory ever in Test cricket. (Scorecard)
  • 1997 – The first cricket match under lights was a One Day International between South Africa and New Zealand on 6 December 1997. (Scorecard)
  • 1999 – Sri Lankan spinner Muttiah Muralitharan was called for throwing by umpire Ross Emerson in a One Day International against England. The Sri Lankan team almost abandoned the match, but after instructions from the president of the Sri Lankan cricket board (relayed to captain Arjuna Ranatunga by mobile phone) the game resumed.
  • 2006 – During the Ashes series, many temporary stands were erected to cope with the demand for tickets. Stands were put between the Chappell stands and on the top of the hills. Australia beat England by 6 wickets on a remarkable last day. (Scorecard)
  • 2014 December 10 – Michael Clarke scored his 7th century on the ground, the most test cricket centuries at the ground.
  • 2015 November 27 – Adelaide Oval hosted the first ever day/night Test match, when Australia played New Zealand.[43]
  • 2017 December 2 – Adelaide Oval hosted the first day/night Ashes Test.[44]
  • 2018 February 4 – Adelaide Oval hosted its first Big Bash League Grand Final with the Adelaide Strikers defeating the Hobart Hurricanes for the Championship.

Test match records

Adelaide Oval was the 6th venue in the world to host a test match, on 12 December 1884. Since then the venue has hosted test match cricket every summer.

Individual

Batting
Bowling

Australian rules football

A view of an Australian rules football match being played on Adelaide Oval from Montefiore Hill during the 1887 SAFA season. Note the lack of behind posts.
Harold Oliver taking a spectacular mark during the 1914 SAFL Semi Final.
In 1929 a Women's Australian rules football match was witnessed by 41,000 spectators. A de Havilland Moth biplane dropped the game ball to start the match.[53]
Ian McKay taking a spectacular mark during the 1952 SANFL Grand Final.
An aerial view of Adelaide Oval whilst an AFL match is in progress.

From 1877 until the 1973 SANFL Grand Final, Adelaide Oval was the marquee ground for South Australian National Football League matches. After a dispute between Cricket and SANFL administrators, Australian rules football in South Australia was moved to Football Park in the western suburbs of Adelaide until its permanent return to the ground in 2014. Adelaide Oval hosted the 1889 SAFA Grand Final, the first grand final in any Australian rules football competition after Port Adelaide and Norwood finished the 1889 SAFA season with the same win-loss-draw record. The record crowd for an Australian rules football match at Adelaide Oval was set at the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between Sturt and Port Adelaide when 62,543 saw the latter club win by 3 points. After 1973 Australian rules football matches were sporadically held at the ground apart from South Adelaide games as that club continued to used the ground for their home matches after 1973. After the advent of the Australian Football League in 1990 only one AFL match was held at the ground before it was permanently adopted again by the code, with Port Adelaide hosting Melbourne during the last minor round match of the 2011 AFL season.[54] As of 2014, all SANFL Finals Series matches are played at the ground including the SANFL Grand Final. Regular Australian Football League matches at the venue also began in 2014.

Australian rules football timeline

Australian rules football records

The first senior league Australian rules football match was played on Adelaide Oval in 1877 between the original Adelaide club and the Bankers club. The records below cover senior Australian rules football at Adelaide Oval. These records include the South Australian league football (known as the South Australian Football Association and South Australian Football League and the South Australian National Football League) from 1877 when the first premiership matches were held at the ground till the end of the 1990 SANFL season, the last year that the competition was the highest level of Australian rules football in South Australia. In 1991 the newly created Adelaide Crows entered the Australian Football League subsequently playing the highest level of football in the state. Port Adelaide would join the Australian Football League in 1997.

Individual

Most goals in a game by a player
Most career goals by a player
Most career games by a player

Team

Most consecutive wins by a club at the ground
Highest team score
Largest single quarter score
Largest winning margin
  • Before 1897 behinds were not included in the final score. During these matches the margins were 30 and 27 goals.[68][69]
Lowest team score

Soccer

Adelaide United take on Spanish side Málaga CF in an exhibition match in July 2014.

Adelaide United FC have played a number of A-League home games against Sydney FC and Melbourne Victory FC. Adelaide Oval was the site of an international friendly match between the Socceroos and New Zealand on 5 June 2011. On 25 July 2014, Adelaide United played its first game at the fully re-developed Adelaide Oval when it played host to Spanish La Liga side Málaga CF. In front of 23,254 fans and a television audience in Spain, Málaga defeated the Reds 5–1.

Soccer timeline

Cycling

The 1903 Walne Stakes cycling race at Adelaide Oval was won by American professional cyclist Marshall Taylor who is pictured crossing the line.

From the first cycling race held at Adelaide Oval in 1882 until the last in 1910 when the administration of Adelaide Oval placed a fence on the inside of the track, Adelaide Oval regularly hosted cycling races that attracted tens of thousands of spectators.[76][77] During the 1903 Walne Stakes at Adelaide Oval famous professional American cyclist Marshall Taylor won the event.

Cycling timeline

  • 1882 – The first bicycle race took place on Adelaide Oval during part of a Scottish sport fete on Easter Monday that attracted a then record 15,000 spectators over the course of the day.[76]
  • 1885 – The first time the Intercolonial Bicycle Championship was held at Adelaide Oval. F.H. Shackleford won the premier 10-mile race in 34 minutes 30 seconds. A.L. Henzel won the women's 3-mile bracelet race in 9 minutes 43 seconds.[78]
  • 1903 – American professional cyclist Marshall Taylor wins the Walne Stakes in front of at least 10,000 spectators.[79] He won the half-mile in a time of 57s ± 2.5.[80] Marshall Taylor's trip to Australia to compete in cycling races inspired the 1992 film Tracks of Glory.[81]

Rugby

Rugby League

In 1991, the NSWRL came to Adelaide Oval when the St. George Dragons played the Balmain Tigers on a cold and wet Friday night under temporary lights in the first of five games that the Dragons would play at the oval over the next five years. That game, with the Dragons winning 16–2, set a rugby league record crowd for the ground when 28,884 people attended, and was in fact the highest minor round attendance for the 1991 NSWRL season (beaten only by four of the six Finals series games including the Grand Final). In 1997 Adelaide got its own side in the much vaunted (but short lived) Super League competition with the Adelaide Rams. Their first home game attracted their record crowd when 27,435 saw the Rams defeat SL's other new team, the Hunter Mariners 10–8. However, after disputes over money (and dwindling crowds due to poor on-field results) they left the ground in 1998 and moved to Hindmarsh Stadium. In the 2010 and 2011 National Rugby League seasons, Sydney club the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs played home games at the Oval against the Melbourne Storm. The Bulldogs had intended to make Adelaide Oval their second "home" (the club plays its home games at Sydney's Olympic Stadium), but the plan was abandoned after 2010. On 20 November 2016, it was announced that the Sydney Roosters will take on the Melbourne Storm in the 2017 NRL season meaning that top level Rugby league returned to Adelaide for the first time since 2011. The Roosters won the game, played on 24 June in Round 16 of the season, 25–24 in golden point extra time in front of a crowd of 21,492 fans.[82]

Rugby League records

Team records

Highest team score
Highest team score
Domestic rugby league competitions (1991–present)
Score Club Opponent Year
42 Canterbury Bankstown Adelaide 1997
36 Penrith Adelaide 1997
35 Adelaide Penrith 1998
32 St George Western Suburbs 1994
30 Canberra St George 1993

Individual records

Most career tries
Most career tries
Domestic rugby league competitions (1991–present)
Tries Player
5 Joe Tamani
4 Graham Appo

Rugby Union

Adelaide Oval hosted two games of the 2003 Rugby World Cup. On 25 October, The Wallabies played their first international game in Adelaide when they defeated Namibia 142–0 in front of 28,196 fans. The next day Ireland defeated Argentina 16–15 in front of 30,203 fans.

Rugby Sevens

From 2007 until 2010, Adelaide Oval hosted the Australia Sevens event in the IRB Sevens World Series.

Rugby timeline

  • 1888 July 16 – England defeated South Australia 28–3 in a Rugby Union match.[83]
  • 1991 June 28 – The St. George Dragons defeated the Balmain Tigers in front of 28,884 spectators during the 1991 NSWRL season.
  • 1997 March 14 – The short-lived Adelaide Rams won their first home game 10-8 against the Hunter Mariners in the 1997 Super League.
  • 2003 October 25 – The first of two matches of the Rugby World Cup were played at Adelaide Oval. The first match saw Australia thrash Namibia 142–0. The following day Ireland defeated Argentina by one point.
  • 2020 – An NRL State of Origin match is scheduled to be held at Adelaide Oval for the second leg of the 2020 NRL State of Origin series.

Baseball

Albert Spalding's 1888 tour sides with the Chicago team left and All-American team right. The two sides played three matches at Adelaide Oval with Chicago winning 2-1.

In 1888, American Baseball administrator Albert Spalding brought the Chicago team and an additional composite team called the All-Americans to Australia and would play a series of three exhibition matches at Adelaide Oval. Chicago would win the Adelaide series 2-1.[66] Following on from this exhibition of the match in Australia, over the next few years intercolonial matches were commonly played against other states on the ground.

Baseball timeline

  • 1888 December – American Baseball administrator Albert Spalding brought the Chicago team and an additional composite team called the All-American team to Australia and played a series of three exhibition matches at the ground. Chicago would win the series 2-1.[84]
  • 1934 August 12 – The final game of the inaugural 1934 Claxton Shield series was played between Victoria and South Australia with the latter state winning 5-8.[85]
  • 1947 – Adelaide Oval was used for some matches of the 1947 Claxton Shield.
  • 1951 – Adelaide Oval was used for some matches of the 1951 Claxton Shield.

American football

During World War II an American football match was held at Adelaide Oval where 25,000 locals attended as part of Independence Day celebrations in 1942.

During World War II an American football match was held by American soldiers stationed in Adelaide on Independence Day. At least 25,000 spectators attended the match that was staged between teams referred to as the "Packers" and "Bears" with the latter winning the match.

American football timeline

  • 13 June 1938 – During an interval of a Port Adelaide and Norwood SANFL match with 27,764 spectators present, a long distance kicking contest was held using American footballs.[86] Measurements of kicks were then compared to College footballers in the United States. Robert Elliott of North Adelaide won the competition kicking an Australian football 67 meters. Robert Elliott kicked the American football 62 meters, 13 centimetres short of the top American figure set by Jack Cohen from the UCLA Bruins using the American ball.[87]
  • 4 July 1942 – An exhibition match was held by American soldiers.

Tennis

The Adelaide Oval grounds have maintained a long tradition of holding tennis tournaments.

Tennis timeline

Field Hockey

In 1926 the Indian Army Hockey team defeated the South Australian team. Pictured is the Indian team being greeted by the South Australian Governor.

Hockey was first played at Adelaide Oval in the early 1900s.

Field Hockey timeline

  • 1904 September 3 – The premiers of the South Australian Hockey Association played a composite team of the best players from the remaining clubs.[91]
  • 1905 July 15 – The first women's hockey match held at the ground was played.[92]
  • 1926 – The Indian army hockey team defeat South Australia 14-0.[93]
  • 1939 August 22 – Australian state hockey championship held at Adelaide Oval.[94]

Other sports

Aside from the main sports of cricket and Australian rules football, 14 sports have been played at one time or another at the oval: Highland games, lacrosse, quoits, and Motorcycle racing.

Other uses

As part of the 1927 Royal Tour, the Duke and Duchess of York had a motorcade through Adelaide Oval with 60,000 people present for the event.[95]

In 1885 an Indigenous Corrobore was held at the ground attracting 20,000 spectators to one of the nights.

Religious gatherings have previously been held at the ground.

Adelaide Oval also provides an array of functions throughout the year.

Concerts

Adelaide Oval has regularly been host to large outdoor concerts. Due to its high profile, proximity to the CBD and Adelaide Railway station and lack of competition for facilities of its scale in Adelaide it has often been the choice of international musicians looking to host large concerts.

List of concerts at Adelaide Oval

Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / Concert name Attendance Revenue
28 January 1977 Little River Band
23 November 1977 Fleetwood Mac Rumours
11 November 1978 David Bowie The Angels Isolar II 45,650 / 50,000 $684,750
13 November 1978 Cold Chisel Peter Frampton
5 February 1979 Rod Stewart Cold Chisel Blondes 'Ave More Fun Tour
18 November 1980 KISS Eyes Unmasked Tour
9 February 1983 Simon & Garfunkel Summer Evening
9 November 1983 David Bowie Serious Moonlight
1 March 1993 Paul McCartney The New World Tour
1 December 1993 Madonna Peter Andre The Girlie Show World Tour 40,000
26 November 1996 Michael Jackson HIStory 30,000
18 March 1998 Elton John
Billy Joel
Face to Face 37,500
6 December 2002 Pink Party Tour
2 March 2004 Fleetwood Mac Say You Will Tour
17 November 2009 Pearl Jam Liam Finn & EJ Barnes
Ben Harper
Backspacer
2 March 2010 AC/DC Wolfmother
Calling All Cars
Black Ice World Tour 41,569 $5,396,590
5 December 2011 Foo Fighters Tenacious D
Fucked Up
Calling All Cars[96]
Wasting Light 36,000
25 October 2014 The Rolling Stones Jimmy Barnes 14 On Fire 52,910 $8,906,058
21 November 2015 AC/DC The Hives
Kingswood
Rock of Bust World Tour 50,000
18 February 2017 Guns' N Roses Wolfmother Not in This Lifetime... 33,713 $3,541,050
13 March 2017 Adele Adele Live 70,000
26 October 2017 Midnight Oil Bad Dreems
Spiderbait
The Great Circle 11,000
7 March 2018 Ed Sheeran Missy Higgins ÷ Tour 67,000

Attendance records

Attendance records (outright)

Crowd Date Participants Event Series
1 70,000 2017 March 13 Adele Concert Adele Live 2017
2 67,000 2018 March 7 Ed Sheeran Concert ÷ Tour
3 62,543 1965 October 2 Port Adelaide def. Sturt Australian rules football 1965 SANFL Grand FInal [97]
4 60,000 1927 May 3 Duke and Duchess of York Motorcade 1927 Royal Tour [98]
5 59,417 1966 October 1 Sturt def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1966 SANFL Grand FInal
6 58,924 1957 September 28 Port Adelaide def. Norwood Australian rules football 1957 SANFL Grand FInal
7 58,849 1967 September 30 Sturt def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1967 SANFL Grand FInal
8 57,811 1968 September 28 Sturt def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1968 SANFL Grand FInal
9 56,525 1973 September 29 Glenelg def. North Adelaide Australian rules football 1973 SANFL Grand Final
10 55,709 1972 September 30 North Adelaide def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1972 SANFL Grand Final

Attendance records (by event type)

Attendance records by event type
Crowd Date Participants Event Series
1 70,000 2017 March 13 Adele Concert Adele Live 2017
2 62,543 1965 October 2 Port Adelaide def. Sturt Australian rules football 1965 SANFL Grand FInal [97]
3 60,000 1927 May 3 Duke and Duchess of York Motorcade 1927 Royal Tour [98]
4 55,317 2017 December 2 Australia def. England Cricket 2017–18 Ashes series
5 53,008 2015 July 20 Adelaide United def. by Liverpool F.C. Soccer 2015 Liverpool Tour
6 34,000 2000 May 24 Archbishop Leonard Faulkner Religious Gathering Catholic Schools Jubilee [99]
7 30,203 2003 October 26 Ireland def. Argentina Rugby union 2003 Rugby World Cup
8 28,884 1991 June 28 St. George Dragons def. Balmain Tigers Rugby league 1991 NSWRL season
9 25,000 1941 July 4 "Bears" def. "Packers" American football United States Army
10 20,000 1885 May 30 Indigenous dancers Indigenous corroboree Two night corrobee

Attendance record (sport)

Top 10 all time sports attendances
Crowd Date Teams Sport Competition
1 62,543 1965 October 2 Port Adelaide def. Sturt Australian rules football 1965 SANFL Grand FInal [97]
2 59,417 1966 October 1 Sturt def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1966 SANFL Grand FInal
3 58,924 1957 September 28 Port Adelaide def. Norwood Australian rules football 1957 SANFL Grand FInal
4 58,849 1967 September 30 Sturt def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1967 SANFL Grand FInal
5 57,811 1968 September 28 Sturt def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1968 SANFL Grand FInal
6 56,525 1973 September 29 Glenelg def. North Adelaide Australian rules football 1973 SANFL Grand Final
7 56,353 1964 October 30 South Adelaide def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1964 SANFL Grand Final
8 55,709 1972 September 30 North Adelaide def. Port Adelaide Australian rules football 1972 SANFL Grand Final
9 55,600 1969 October 4 Sturt def. Glenelg Australian rules football 1969 SANFL Grand Final
10 55,317 2017 December 2 Australia def. England Cricket 2017–18 Ashes series

Attendance record (sport excluding Cricket and Australian rules)

Top 10 non-Australian rules football or cricket sports attendance records
Crowd Date Teams Sport Competition
1 53,008 2015 July 20 Adelaide United def. by Liverpool F.C. Soccer 2015 Liverpool Tour
2 50,119 2016 May 1 Adelaide United def. Western Sydney Wanderers Soccer 2016 A-League Grand Final
3 35,439 2016 March 24 Australia def. Tajikistan Soccer 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification
4 33,126 2014 October 17 Adelaide United drew with Melbourne Victory Soccer 2014–15 A-League
5 30,203 2003 October 26 Ireland def. Argentina Rugby union 2003 Rugby World Cup
6 29,785 2017 June 8 Australia def. Saudi Arabia Soccer 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification
7 28,884 1991 June 28 St George Dragons def. Balmain Tigers Rugby League 1991 NSWRL season
8 28,196 2003 October 25 Australia def. Namibia Rugby union 2003 Rugby World Cup
8 27,425 1997 March 14 Adelaide Rams def. Hunter Mariners Rugby League 1997 Super League season
9 25,039 2007 December 28 Adelaide United def. by Sydney FC Soccer 2007–08 A-League

Attendance records (concerts)

Top 10 musical acts/events attendance records
Crowd Date Artist(s) Name of tour/event
1 70,000 13 March 2017 Adele Adele Live 2017
2 67,000 7 March 2018 Ed Sheeran ÷ Tour
3 54,115 25 October 2014 The Rolling Stones 14 On Fire [100]
4 50,000 21 November 2015 AC/DC Rock or Bust World Tour [101]
5 45,650 11 November 1978 David Bowie Isolar II
6 41,569 2 March 2010 AC/DC Black Ice World Tour
7 40,000 1 December 1993 Madonna The Girlie Show World Tour
8 37,500 18 March 1998 Elton John/Billy Joel Face to Face
9 36,000 18 February 2017 Guns N' Roses Not in This Lifetime... Tour [102]
36,000 5 December 2011 Foo Fighters Wasting Light Tour [103]

Statues

Adelaide Oval statues
Subject Unveiling Notability Sculptor Donator Location
Hercules Statue Adelaide.jpeg
Hercules
1892 Roman god WA Horn Pennington Gardens
Ross Smith.jpg
Ross Smith
1892 Aviator Frederick Brook Hitch Creswell Gardens
Don Bradman statue.JPG
Donald Bradman
2002 Cricketer Robert Hannaford East Gate
Jason Gillespie 2010 Cricketer Ken Martin Basil Sellers SACA members reserve
Darren Lehmann 2012 Cricketer Ken Martin Basil Sellers SACA members reserve
Barrie Robran Statue.jpg
Barrie Robran
2014 Australian rules footballer Basil Sellers South Gate
George Giffen 2014 Cricketer Judith Rolevink Basil Sellers
Russell Ebert statue.jpg
Russell Ebert
2015 Australian rules footballer Basil Sellers East Gate
Malcolm Blight 2016 Australian rules footballer Basil Sellers South East concourse
Ken Farmer 2017 Australian rules footballer Basil Sellers North West gate
ClemHill.jpg
Clem Hill
2018 Cricketer Silvio Appunyi Basil Sellers South Gate

Transport access

Public transport access
Service Station/stop Line/route Walking distance Note
from Adelaide Oval
Adelaide Metro Buses Aiga bus trans.svg King William Rd West
Montefiore Rd West
26 routes
7 routes
300 m (4 mins)
550m (7 mins)
Adelaide Metro Trains BSicon BAHN.svg Adelaide 6 lines 550 m (7 mins) As of June 2017, the northern doors of Adelaide Railway station are closed due to redevelopment of the Festival Centre. Access to the Oval is through other means, giving a longer walking distance
Adelaide Metro Trams BSicon TRAM.svg Adelaide Glenelg 650 m (8 mins)
Airport Shuttle Bus Aiga bus trans.svg Adelaide Bradman Dr 550 m (13+7 mins)

See also

References

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External links

  • Adelaide Oval Official Website
  • Adelaide Oval historical time line 1871 to present
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