Adan River

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Adan India.jpg
Adan River
Adan nil.jpg
Native name अडाण
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Washim district
City Karanja Lad
Physical characteristics
Source Karanja Lad, Washim district
 ⁃ location Maharashtra, India
Length 209.21[1] km (130.00 mi)
 ⁃ location mouth
Basin features
 ⁃ left Arunawati River

The Adan River (Marathi: अडाण नदी) is a river in Washim District, Maharashtra, India and a principal tributary of the Painganga River.


The source of the Adan River is in the Washim district of Maharashtra. The Arunavati River meets the Adan River about 13 kilometres before it joins the Painganga River. The river dries up in the summer, leaving only pools towards the end of its course.

Two dams have been built on the Adan; one at its origin near Sonala village and the other near Karanja Lad city, both in Washim District. The river then flows shrubland.

Adan Dam was built in 1977 near Karanja Lad, Washim district around 13 km from where the Adan River meets the Painanga.[1]

Environmental Impact of the Adan Dam

In two separate reports on the environmental impact of the Adan Dam on the aquatic biodiversity of the river and the surrounding fishing communities in 2008 and 2012, Dr Nilesh K. Heda reported the following effects:[1][2]

Fish of Adan River

Adan river near the town of Injori, Maharashtra, India

The following species were found to be present in the Adan river by Dr Nilesh Heda:[3]

Local People

The local Bhoi people live in fishing communities on the banks of the river. The Bhoi are traditionally dependent upon the Adan for food and so their traditional way of life is at risk due to depleting fish resources.[1]

Bhoi people on the river Adan

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Heda, Nilesh (1 August 2012). "'How our river changed in front of our eyes': Impacts of Adan Dam on Fisheries in Maharashtra" (PDF). South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  2. ^ Heda, Nilesh (18 September 2008). "Conservation of Riverine Resources through People's Participation: North-Eastern Godavari Basin, Maharashtra, India" (PDF). The Rufford Foundation. Samvardhan Samaj Vikas Sanstha, Karanja (Lad). Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  3. ^ Heda, Nilesh K (26 October 2009). "Fish diversity studies of two rivers of the northeastern Godavari basin, India". ResearchGate. 1 (10). doi:10.11609/JoTT.o1764.514-8. ISSN 0974-7893.
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