Adamstown, Pitcairn Islands

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Adamstown
View of Adamstown
View of Adamstown
Location of Adamstown
Location of Adamstown
Coordinates: 25°4′S 130°6′W / 25.067°S 130.100°W / -25.067; -130.100Coordinates: 25°4′S 130°6′W / 25.067°S 130.100°W / -25.067; -130.100
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Territory Pitcairn Islands
Island Pitcairn
Government
 • Mayor Shawn Christian (2014)
Area[1]
 • Total 4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)
 • Land 4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)
Elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 56
 • Density 12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Climate Af

Adamstown is the only settlement on, and as such, the capital of, the Pitcairn Islands.

Overview

Adamstown has a population of 56, which is the entire population of the Pitcairn Islands: all the other islands in the group are uninhabited. Adamstown is where most residents eat, drink and sleep, while they grow food in other areas of the island.[2]

The hamlet is the second smallest capital in the world. It has access to television, satellite internet, and a telephone, however, the main means of communication remains the ham radio. According to Google Maps, the only named road in the capital is called "The Hill of Difficulty".

History

The history of the Pitcairn Islands begins with the colonization of the islands by Polynesians in the 11th century. The Polynesians established a culture that flourished for four centuries and then vanished. Pitcairn was settled again in 1790 by a group of British mutineers on HMS Bounty and Tahitians.

Geography

The settlement is located on the central-north side of the island of Pitcairn, facing the Pacific Ocean and close to the Bounty Bay, the only seaport of the island.

Climate

Adamstown has a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification system. The hamlet features a wet, warm climate averaging 1,700 mm (67 in) of rain a year. The wettest month is July and temperatures do not significantly vary throughout the year.

Climate data for Adamstown (Elevation: 265 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
24.4
(75.9)
22.8
(73)
21.6
(70.9)
21.0
(69.8)
20.6
(69.1)
21.1
(70)
22.2
(72)
23.0
(73.4)
24.4
(75.9)
23.2
(73.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
22.1
(71.8)
20.8
(69.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.7
(67.5)
20.6
(69.1)
22.0
(71.6)
20.9
(69.6)
Average low °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
19.8
(67.6)
18.7
(65.7)
17.5
(63.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.0
(60.8)
16.4
(61.5)
17.2
(63)
18.2
(64.8)
19.5
(67.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 121
(4.76)
140
(5.51)
119
(4.69)
133
(5.24)
131
(5.16)
154
(6.06)
150
(5.91)
125
(4.92)
138
(5.43)
137
(5.39)
122
(4.8)
163
(6.42)
1,633
(64.29)
Average rainy days 12.1 9.3 15.0 16.0 13.0 15.0 15.0 13.0 10.9 9.0 9.9 11.4 149.6
Source: Weatherbase[3]
Climate data for Adamstown, Pitcairn Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
26
(79)
27
(81)
25.2
(77.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(69)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
21
(70)
19.9
(67.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 91.4
(3.60)
114.3
(4.50)
83.8
(3.30)
208.3
(8.20)
177.8
(7.00)
129.5
(5.10)
271.8
(10.70)
185.4
(7.30)
68.6
(2.70)
106.7
(4.20)
68.6
(2.70)
193
(7.60)
1,699.2
(66.9)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 7 10 7 10 8 10 13 8 5 6 5 8 97
Source: climatemps.com [4]

Personalities

Photogallery

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Area of the island of Pitcairn
  2. ^ www.lareau.org/pitc.html Archived July 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Adamstown Climate Info". Weatherbase. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Adamstown, Pitcairn Islands". climatemps.com. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 

External links

  • Pitcairn Islands travel guide from Wikivoyage
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