Adams County, Mississippi

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Adams County, Mississippi
Adams County Courthouse, Natchez, MS IMG 6982.JPG
The Adams County Courthouse at 201 South Wall Street in Natchez was built in 1821 and enlarged in 1925.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Adams County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Named for John Adams
Seat Natchez
Largest city Natchez
Area
 • Total 488 sq mi (1,264 km2)
 • Land 462 sq mi (1,197 km2)
 • Water 25 sq mi (65 km2), 5.2%
Population
 • (2010) 32,297
 • Density 70/sq mi (27/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.adamscountyms.net
Stone wall provides protection to Natchez, Mississippi from the Mississippi River.
A portion of the historic Natchez City Cemetery in Adams County

Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,297.[1] The county seat is Natchez.[2]

The county is the first to have been organized in the former Mississippi Territory. It is named for the second President of the United States, John Adams, who held that office when the county was organized in 1799. Adams County is part of the Natchez micropolitan area which consists of Adams County, Mississippi and Concordia Parish, Louisiana.

History

Adams County was created on April 2, 1799, from part of Pickering Territorial County. The county was organized eighteen years before Mississippi became a state. Four Mississippi governors have come from Adams County: David Holmes, George Poindexter, John A. Quitman, and Gerard Brandon.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 462 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (5.2%) is water.[3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 4,660
1810 10,002 114.6%
1820 12,076 20.7%
1830 14,937 23.7%
1840 19,434 30.1%
1850 18,601 −4.3%
1860 20,165 8.4%
1870 19,084 −5.4%
1880 22,649 18.7%
1890 26,031 14.9%
1900 30,111 15.7%
1910 25,265 −16.1%
1920 22,183 −12.2%
1930 23,564 6.2%
1940 27,238 15.6%
1950 32,256 18.4%
1960 37,730 17.0%
1970 37,293 −1.2%
1980 38,035 2.0%
1990 35,356 −7.0%
2000 34,340 −2.9%
2010 32,297 −5.9%
Est. 2016 31,248 [4] −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Adams County[9]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,297 people residing in the county. 53.5% were Black or African American, 42.7% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 6.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 34,340 people, 13,677 households, and 9,409 families residing in the county. The population density was 75 people per square mile (29/km²).

There were 15,175 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 46.04% White, 52.76% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,677 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 21.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,234, and the median income for a family was $29,591. Males had a median income of $30,260 versus $20,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,778. About 22.90% of families and 25.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.80% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over.

Adams County vote
by party in presidential elections [11]
Year REP DEM Others
2016 42.5% 5,874 56.1% 7,757 1.5% 205
2012 40.7% 6,293 58.7% 9,061 0.6% 93
2008 41.8% 6,566 57.5% 9,021 0.7% 109
2004 45.2% 6,966 54.4% 8,423 0.4% 60
2000 45.0% 6,691 54.2% 8,065 0.8% 123
1996 37.3% 5,378 57.0% 8,218 5.7% 825
1992 36.7% 5,831 52.0% 8,255 11.2% 1,791
1988 50.7% 8,116 48.3% 7,732 0.9% 146
1984 54.3% 9,440 45.2% 7,849 0.5% 89
1980 49.0% 7,523 47.0% 7,228 4.0% 612
1976 46.4% 6,431 47.8% 6,619 5.9% 811
1972 67.2% 8,500 29.2% 3,697 3.6% 460
1968 10.9% 1,475 38.6% 5,214 50.5% 6,812
1964 84.4% 5,900 15.6% 1,093 0.0% 0
1960 23.6% 1,227 27.9% 1,452 48.5% 2,526

Education

Alcorn State University, a historically black college that was designated as a land-grant institution, has its School of Business and School of Nursing at Natchez. The School of Business offers Masters of Business Administration degree and some undergraduate classes at the School of Business, Natchez campus. Adjacent to the Natchez campus of Alcorn State University is Copiah-Lincoln Community College.

Economy

Adams County Correctional Center, a private prison operated by the Corrections Corporation of America on behalf of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, is in an unincorporated area in the county.[12]

Top employers

The top employers of Adams County are as follows:
1. Natchez-Adams School District (620)
2. Merit Health Natchez (425)
3. Adams County Correctional Center (380)
4. Walmart (365)
5. City of Natchez (275)
6. Magnolia Bluffs Casino (250)
7. Jordan Carriers (250)
8. Supermarket Operations (250)
9. Adams County Government (220)
10. Energy Drilling (220)

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 42.5% 5,874 56.1% 7,757 1.5% 205
2012 40.7% 6,293 58.7% 9,061 0.6% 93
2008 41.8% 6,566 57.5% 9,021 0.7% 109
2004 45.2% 6,996 54.4% 8,423 0.4% 60
2000 45.0% 6,691 54.2% 8,065 0.8% 123
1996 37.3% 5,378 57.0% 8,218 5.7% 825
1992 36.7% 5,831 52.0% 8,255 11.3% 1,791
1988 50.7% 8,116 48.3% 7,732 0.9% 146
1984 54.3% 9,440 45.2% 7,849 0.5% 89
1980 49.0% 7,523 47.1% 7,228 4.0% 612
1976 46.4% 6,431 47.8% 6,619 5.9% 811
1972 67.2% 8,500 29.2% 3,697 3.6% 460
1968 10.9% 1,475 38.6% 5,214 50.5% 6,812
1964 84.4% 5,900 15.6% 1,093
1960 23.6% 1,227 27.9% 1,452 48.5% 2,526
1956 40.6% 1,664 31.2% 1,279 28.1% 1,151
1952 58.3% 2,372 41.7% 1,697
1948 4.3% 95 3.2% 71 92.5% 2,034
1944 14.7% 282 85.3% 1,638
1940 8.2% 166 91.8% 1,869 0.1% 1
1936 6.7% 124 93.1% 1,732 0.2% 4
1932 21.1% 384 78.1% 1,420 0.8% 15
1928 38.6% 840 61.4% 1,337
1924 26.3% 304 72.3% 836 1.4% 16
1920 15.0% 114 84.6% 642 0.4% 3
1916 5.9% 42 94.0% 671 0.1% 1
1912 4.1% 31 64.4% 491 31.6% 241

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Adams County Correctional Center." Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved on June 28, 2016. "20 Hobo Fork Road, Natchez, MS 39120"

Sources

External links

  • Adams County Courthouse Pictures
  • Adams County Interactive Oil Well Map Mississippi Oil Journal

Coordinates: 31°29′N 91°21′W / 31.48°N 91.35°W / 31.48; -91.35

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