Adam Orleton

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Adam Orleton
Bishop of Winchester
Appointed 1 December 1333
Term ended 18 July 1345
Predecessor John de Stratford
Successor William Edington
Orders
Consecration 22 May 1317
Personal details
Died 18 July 1345
Denomination Catholic
Previous post Bishop of Hereford
Bishop of Worcester

Adam Orleton[a] (died 1345) was an English churchman and royal administrator.

Life

Orleton was born into a Herefordshire family, possibly in Orleton, possibly in Hereford. The lord of the manor was Roger Mortimer, to whose interests Orleton was loyal[1]. His nephews were John Trilleck, Bishop of Hereford and Thomas Trilleck, Bishop of Rochester.[2]

From the accession of Edward II Orleton was employed as a diplomat to the papal court, at Avignon from 1309, of Clement V and John XXII. A favourite of the latter, Orleton was nominated bishop of Hereford by the pope[3] on 15 May 1317, and consecrated on 22 May 1317[4], despite the protests of the king. During his episcopate the great central tower at Hereford, a wonder of its day, was built, but there is no reason to think him responsible for a matter under the jurisdiction of the dean and chapter. Despite his increasing political involvement with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer against Edward II, playing a significant role in the events of 1326,[5] Orleton was an effective bishop in Hereford diocese, and reformed the scandalous Wigmore Abbey and also the priory at Abergavenny and St. Guthlac's priory in Hereford[6].

Orelton was translated to be bishop of Worcester on 25 September 1327,[7] and lastly to be bishop of Winchester on 1 December 1333.[8]

British historian Ian Mortimer has recently argued that Orleton's sodomy accusations against Edward II in 1326-1327 may have been false, and that they may have been related to contemporary smear campaigns against one's political adversaries, such as previous similar aspersions cast against Pope Boniface VIII by Guillaume de Nogaret, Chancellor to King Philip IV of France, as well as those involved in dispossession of the Knights Templar, during which Orleton was a primary antagonist of the order [9]

One assessment stated that:

Bishop Adam, wary, unscrupulous, but at the same time vigorous and of unusual ability, played a great part in politics to the end of the wretched King's life. Some historians still believe that he recommended the murder; he certainly supported the deposition in Parliament, and went to Kenilworth as one of the commissioners to force the King's resignation. If thus interested in secular politics, he was no less watchful and vigilant in the affairs of his bishopric and the cathedral.[10]

In 1327 Orleton briefly held the office of Lord High Treasurer, from January to March.[11]

Orleton died on 18 July 1345.[8]

In literature

In Christopher Marlowe's play Edward II, Orleton is given a role in Edward's death. This traditional story is not given credence by contemporary historians.

Orleton is a supporting character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. He was portrayed by Jean Lanier (fr) in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Serge Maillat in the 2005 adaptation.

Notes

  1. ^ Or Adam of Orlton, Adam de Orlton, Adam de Orleton

Citations

  1. ^ Register of Adam Orleton, ed A T Bannister, 1907
  2. ^ "Canterbury and York Series Vol. VIII". Retrieved 2012-01-27. 
  3. ^ Bannister, op. cit, introduction
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p 250
  5. ^ McKisack The Fourteenth Century pp. 85–91
  6. ^ Bannister, op.cit.
  7. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 279
  8. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 277
  9. ^ Ian Mortimer: "Barriers to the Truth" History Today: 60-12: (December 2010): 13
  10. ^ Gutenberg text
  11. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 105

References

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Haines, Roy Marti The Church and Politics in Fourteenth-Century England: The Career of Adam Orleton c. 1275–1345 1978
  • McKisack, May, The Fourteenth Century
  • Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage.com: Edward III". The Peerage. Retrieved 31 August 2007. [unreliable source]
  • Weir, Alison Isabella: She-Wolf of France, Queen of England 2005

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
John de Stratford
Lord High Treasurer
1327
Succeeded by
Henry Burghersh
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Richard Swinefield
Bishop of Hereford
1317–1327
Succeeded by
Thomas Charlton
Preceded by
Wulstan Bransford
Bishop of Worcester
1327–1333
Succeeded by
Simon Montacute
Preceded by
John de Stratford
Bishop of Winchester
1333–1345
Succeeded by
William Edington
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