Acts 15

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Acts 15
Codex laudianus.jpg
Acts 15:22-24 in Latin (left column) and Greek (right column) in Codex Laudianus, written about AD 550.
Book Acts of the Apostles
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 5
Category Church history

Acts 15 is the fifteenth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the journey of Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem and the Council of Jerusalem.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this book as well as the Gospel of Luke.[2]

Text

The original text is written in Koine Greek and is divided into 41 verses. Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Location

This chapter mentions the following places (in order of appearance):

Timeline

The journey of Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem and the Council of Jerusalem is generally considered to have taken place around 48 [3] - 50 AD.

Structure

This chapter can be grouped:

  • Acts 15:1-5 = Conflict over Circumcision
  • Acts 15:6-21 = Council of Jerusalem
  • Acts 15:22-29 = The Jerusalem Decree
  • Acts 15:30-35 = Continuing Ministry in Syria
  • Acts 15:36-41 = Division over John Mark

Conflict over circumcision

The circumcision controversy began in Antioch, when 'certain men' (Greek: τινες, certain 'people' in the NIV translation) came from Judea teaching that salvation was dependent on circumcision according to the Mosaic law. The People's New Testament Commentary [4] called them 'the Judaizing Teachers';[5] Paul called them and others with the same teaching 'false brethren secretly brought in'.[6]

The dispute which arose resulted in a decision to send Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem, to seek a resolution to the issue. In Jerusalem the pro-circumcision case was argued by 'some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed'.[7]

Verse 13

And after they had become silent, James answered, saying, “Men and brethren, listen to me:”[8]

The council listened to James because he was the first of the three pillars of church (see Galatians 2:9). He was the leader of the church in Jerusalem until he was stoned to death at the insistence of the high priest in AD 62. James was the Lord Jesus Christ's half brother, the one who did not believe until the Lord appeared to him privately after the Resurrection (see 1 Corinthians 15:7).[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ John Arthur Thomas Robinson (1919-1983), Redating the New Testament, Westminster Press, 1976. 369 pages. ISBN 978-1-57910-527-3
  4. ^ M. Eugene Boring, Fred B. Craddock, The People's New Testament Commentary, Westminster John Knox Press, 2004
  5. ^ People's New Testament, http://biblehub.com/commentaries/pnt/acts/15.htm accessed 10 September 2015
  6. ^ Galatians 2:4
  7. ^ Acts 15:5
  8. ^ Acts 15:13
  9. ^ The Nelson Study Bible. Thomas Nelson, Inc. 1997

External links

  • Acts 15 NIV
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