Aclima

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aclima
Other names Luluwa, Kalmana, Calmana
Known for First female born
Spouse(s) Abel, then Cain (her twin)
Parent(s) Adam and Eve
Relatives Awan (sibling)
Cain (sibling)
Azura (sibling)
Abel (sibling)
Seth (sibling)

Aclima (also Luluwa) according to some religious traditions was the oldest daughter of Adam and Eve, the twin sister of Cain and wife of Abel.[1] According to these traditions, she was the first female human who was born naturally.[2] According to Islamic and rabbinic tradition, a marriage between Aclima and Abel was proposed and arranged by their father Adam. In order to commence contentment from Aclima's twin brother, Adam (their father) suggested that a sacrifice be made, yet sacrifice was subsequently rejected by God.[3][4] The reason behind the commotion was that Cain viewed Aclima as being aesthetically more attractive than Awan.[5]

Kalmana or Calmana; Balbira

Some sources in the Eastern Orthodox traditions state Aclima's name as Calmana or Calmanna. Alternative transliterations of her name include Aclimah, Aclimia, Aclimiah, Klimia.[6]

In the Seder Hadorot, Aclima is called Kalmana.[7][8]

Genesis 4:17 states that after he had killed Abel, "Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch". In an effort to explain where Cain and Abel acquired wives, some traditional sources stated that each child of Adam and Eve was born with a twin who became their mate. According to the Seder HaDorot, the wife and twin sister of Cain was named Kalmana, and the wife and twin of Abel was Balbira.[7]

The sister of Cain was named Kalmana in the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius (first Greek redaction) II.1.,[9] and Calmana in the Golden Legend. The poet Petrus Riga (1140–1209) included Calmana in his famous poem Aurora, and this could have been a source for her appearance in Peter Comestor's Historia Scholastica. Comestor's Biblical narrative text then served as the standard textbook for Biblical education for centuries.

Luluwa

Some religious sources describe Aclima's name as Luluwa. She is described as the most beautiful of the early daughters of Adam and Eve. However, Cain reportedly hated her whilst in Eve's womb with her. The name Luluwa means "beautiful". This narrative was recorded in the Forgotten Books Of Eden, which itself is a exegesis of earlier apocryphal texts. [10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Brewer, E. Cobham. "Brewer's dictionary of phrase and fable." (1894).
  2. ^ Stone, Michael. "The Death of Adam—An Armenian Adam Book." Harvard Theological Review 59.3 (1966): 283-291..
  3. ^ Brewer, Cobham (2001). Wordsworth Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. p. 197. 
  4. ^ "Cain", Dictionnaire des sciences occultes (Encycloedie Theologique Vol. 48), ed. Jacques Paul Migne, cols. 297–298.
  5. ^ Gibson, Margaret (2012). Apocrypha Arabica. Cambridge University Press. p. 11. 
  6. ^ Burrington, Gilbert. An Arrangement of the Genealogies in the Old Testament and Apocrypha: To which are Added, from the Same Authorities, a Selection of Single Names, and Chronological Tables of the Kings of Egypt, Syria, and Assyria: with Notes Critical, Philological, and Explanatory; and Copious Indexes, in Two Volumes. Vol. 1. Rivington, 1836.
  7. ^ a b Seder Hadorot 8a
  8. ^ Abarbanel Gen. 4,1 as cited by Codex Judaica
  9. ^ A.C. Lolos, Die Apokalypse des Ps.-Methodios. Beiträge zur klassischen Philologie 83. Meisenheim am Glan: Hain, 1976.
  10. ^ Platt, Rutherford H. The Forgotten Books Of Eden (Annotated Edition). Jazzybee Verlag, 2012.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aclima&oldid=839591122"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aclima
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Aclima"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA