Acklins

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Acklins
Acklins in Bahamas (zoom).svg
Geography
Location Atlantic Ocean
239 miles Southeast of Nassau
Coordinates 22°21′N 74°1′W / 22.350°N 74.017°W / 22.350; -74.017
Archipelago Bahamas
Area 389 km2 (150 sq mi)
Administration
Bahamas
Demographics
Population 565 (2010)

Acklins is an island and district of the Bahamas.

It is one of a group of islands arranged along a large, shallow lagoon called the Bight of Acklins, of which the largest are Crooked Island (76 square miles (200 km2)) in the north and Acklins (120 square miles (310 km2)) in the southeast, and the smaller are Long Cay (once known as Fortune Island, (8 square miles (21 km2))) in the northwest, and Castle Island in the south.

History

The islands were settled by American Loyalists in the late 1780s who set up cotton plantations employing over 1,000 slaves. After the abolition of slavery in the British Empire the plantaions became uneconomical, and the replacement income from sponge diving has now dwindled as well with the rest of the natural sponge industry after the advent of synthetics. The inhabitants now live by fishing and small-scale farming.

Map of the Bahamas

Although Acklins Island has relatively few historical landmarks, there are some noteworthy places. Acklins is home to numerous Lucayan people sites. An ancient site, thought to be one of the largest Lucayan settlements in The Bahamas, sits along Pompey Bay Beach, just south of Spring Point. Ten ancient Lucayan sites have been unearthed by National Geographic Society archeologists on Samana Cay alone, which is northeast of Spring Point in Acklins.

Plana Cays, also northeast of Spring Point, is a protected reserve for endangered great iguanas and the very rare Bahamian hutia (a guinea pig-like rodent), the only native mammal of The Bahamas.

Topographic map of Acklins Island and Crooked Island.

The population of Acklins was 565 at the 2010 census, with the largest populations at Lovely Bay in the northwestern tip of the island and in Salina Point in the southernmost area of the island.[1]

Transportation

The island is served by Spring Point Airport.

References

  1. ^ "ACKLINS POPULATION BY SETTLEMENT AND TOTAL NUMBER OF OCCUPIED DWELLINGS: 2010 CENSUS" (PDF). Bahamas Department of Statistics. 


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