Acharya S

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Dorothy Milne Murdock
Publicity photo of Murdock
Publicity photo of Murdock
Born March 27, 1960 (1960-03-27)
Massachusetts, USA
Died December 25, 2015(2015-12-25) (aged 55)
Pen name Acharya S
Language English
Nationality American
Education Classics (Ancient Greece)
Alma mater Franklin & Marshall College
Subject History of religions
Notable works The Christ Conspiracy: The Greatest Story Ever Sold (1999) , Did Moses Exist? The Myth of the Israelite Lawgiver (2014)
Years active 1999–2014

Dorothy Milne Murdock[1][2][3] (March 27, 1960 – December 25, 2015),[4] better known by her pen names Acharya S and D. M. Murdock,[5][6] was an American writer who supported the Christ myth theory that Jesus never existed as a historical person and was rather a figure fabricated by commingling the mythologies of various pre-Christian Sun deities and dying-and-rising deities.[7]

Her last published book is Did Moses Exist? The Myth of the Israelite Lawgiver[8].

She wrote and operated a website focused on history, religion and spirituality, and astro-theology. She asserted that the pre-Christian religious civilizations understood their mythologies as allegorical, but Christians obliterated evidence to the contrary by destroying and controlling literature when they attained control of the Roman Empire, which led to widespread illiteracy in the ancient world, ensuring that the mythical nature of Christ's story was hidden. She argued that the Christian canon, as well as its important figures, were based on Roman, Greek, Egyptian, and other cultures' myths.[9] Her theories have been variously received by mainstream scholars, for instance Robert M. Price criticized her first book while praising later ones.

She also wrote against the ancient astronauts theories, asserting that they "may be prompted by the same type of motivation that produced the Bible, a chronicle largely consisting of the plagiarized myths of other cultures" refashioned as historical facts concerning purported historical characters, and may be driven by the attempt to validate Biblical mythology as historical under a new pseudo-scientific interpretation.[10]


Murdock was born to James Milne Murdock and Beatrice Murdock in Massachusetts and grew up in Avon, Connecticut.[4][11] She received a Bachelor of Liberal Arts degree in Classics, Greek Civilization, from Franklin and Marshall College, after which she spent a year at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Greece.[4][12]

She died of breast cancer that spread into her immune system and liver on December 25, 2015. Murdock had one son, Jason, and she was known as "Dori" to loved ones.[4][13][14]

Writing career

Murdock began her website, Truth Be Known, in 1995.[15]

In 1999, as Acharya S, she published her first book, The Christ Conspiracy: The Greatest Story Ever Sold, arguing the concept of Jesus Christ and his story is a fabrication.[16]

Her 2007 book, Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ continues the theme of The Christ Conspiracy by expanding her theory questioning the historicity of Jesus, alleging "early Christian history to be largely mythical, by sorting through available historical and archaeological data."

In 2009 she released Christ in Egypt: The Horus-Jesus Connection and The Gospel According to Acharya S.[17]


Writer Russ Kick, in his book You Are Being Lied To, describes The Christ Conspiracy as "an essential book for anyone who wants to know the reality behind the world's dominant religion".[18] Conspiracy theorist and publisher Kenn Thomas calls her a "great chronicler of the conspiracy known as Christianity".[19]

Meanwhile, Baptist comparative religion scholar Clinton Bennett compares her views to those of radical freethinker Robert Taylor (nicknamed "the Devil's chaplain"), secularist MP and Christ-mythicist John M. Robertson, and American mythographer Joseph Campbell.[20] Butler University religion professor James F. McGrath describes her viewpoint as one that "once had some currency among scholars" in the 19th and early 20th centuries, but was subsequently abandoned.[21]

Atheist activist and Christ mythicist Richard Carrier criticized her use of the inscriptions at Luxor to make the claim that the story of Jesus' birth was inspired by the Luxor story of the birth of Horus.[22] Theologian and Christ-mythicist Robert M. Price also criticized Murdock's first book,[23] while promoting her Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled in The Pre-Nicene New Testament: Fifty-Four Formative Texts,[24] and writing the foreword to her Who Was Jesus?: Fingerprints of the Christ.[6]

Her work has also been criticized by New Testament scholar Bart D. Ehrman, who, in his Did Jesus Exist?: The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth calls Murdock's The Christ Conspiracy "the breathless conspirator's dream". He says "all of Acharya's major points are in fact wrong" and her book "is filled with so many factual errors and outlandish assertions that it is hard to believe the author is serious". Taking her as representative of some other writers about the Christ myth theory, he continues "Mythicists of this ilk should not be surprised that their views are not taken seriously by real scholars, mentioned by experts in the field, or even read by them".[25]

Emeritus Professor of New Testament Languages and Literature at the University of Nottingham Maurice Casey criticized her work for "her anti-Christian outlook, a lack of any proper sense of reality, failure to give adequate references, inability to interpret primary sources correctly, and dependence on inaccurate out-of-date secondary sources rather than primary evidence."[26]


  • Murdock, D.M. (as Acharya S) (1999). The Christ Conspiracy: The Greatest Story Ever Sold. Kempton, Illinois: Adventures Unlimited Press. ISBN 0-932813-74-7. 
  • Murdock, D.M. (as Acharya S) (2004). Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled. Kempton, Illinois: Adventures Unlimited Press. ISBN 1-931882-31-2. 
  • Murdock, D.M. (2007). Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ. Stellar House Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9799631-0-0. 
  • Murdock, D.M. (2009). Christ in Egypt: The Horus-Jesus Connection. Stellar House Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9799631-1-7. 
  • Murdock, D.M. (2009). The Gospel According to Acharya S. Stellar House Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9799631-2-4. 
  • Murdock, D.M. (2009). The Gospel According to Acharya S. Stellar House Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9799631-2-4. 
  • Murdock, D.M.; Joseph, Peter (2011). The Zeitgeist Sourcebook - Part 1: The Greatest Story Ever Told (PDF). 
  • Murdock, D.M. (2014). Did Moses Exist? The Myth of the Israelite Lawgiver. Stellar House Publishing. ISBN 0-9799631-8-4. 

See also


  1. ^ Picknett, Lynn & Prince, Clive (2008). The Masks of Christ. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-4165-9446-8. 
  2. ^ Foreman, Mark W. (2012). "Challenging the Zeitgeist Movie: Parallelomania on Steroids". In Copan, Paul & Craig, William Lane. Come Let Us Reason: New Essays in Christian Apologetics. Nashville, Tennessee: B&H Publishing. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-4336-7220-0. 
  3. ^ Lake Forest College Program in Greece & Turkey 1981 Dorothy Milne Murdock
  4. ^ a b c d "Dorothy Murdock". Hartford Courant. January 24, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2016. 
  5. ^ Murdock, D. M. "Who is Acharya S?". Truth Be Known. Archived from the original on May 7, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Price, Robert M. (2011) [2007]. "Foreword". In Murdock, D.M. Who Was Jesus?: Fingerprints of the Christ. Seattle: Stellar House. pp. v–vii. ISBN 978-0-9799631-0-0. 
  7. ^ Bennett, Clinton (2001). In Search of Jesus: Insider and Outsider Images. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 208. ISBN 0-8264-4916-6. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "The Christ Conspiracy – Home". Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  10. ^ Murdock, Dorothy Milne (6 January 2014). "Who are the Anunnaki?". Truth Be Known. 
  11. ^ – Tribute to Mythicist D.M. Murdock, 1961–2015
  12. ^ Acharya S. "What Are Acharya's Credentials?". Retrieved July 1, 2008. 
  13. ^ Barker, N.W. (December 27, 2015). "December 27th update". GiveForward. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  14. ^ Barker, N.W. (January 16, 2016). "Acharya S/D.M. Murdock Memoriam". Freethought Nation. Retrieved March 12, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Welcome to the world of Acharya S/D.M. Murdock!". Truth Be Known. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  16. ^ Adventure Unlimited Press, rear cover of Murdock (1999)
  17. ^ "The Gospel According to Acharya S". Stellar House Publishing. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ Kick, Russ (2001). You Are Being Lied To: The Disinformation Guide to Media Distortion, Historical Whitewashes and Cultural Myths. New York: The Disinformation Company. p. 272. ISBN 0-9664100-7-6. 
  19. ^ Thomas, Kenn (2006). Parapolitics: Conspiracy in Contemporary America. Adventures Unlimited Press. pp. 15, 127. ISBN 1-931882-55-X. 
  20. ^ Bennett, Clinton (2001). In Search of Jesus: Insider and Outsider Images. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 339. ISBN 0-8264-4916-6. 
  21. ^ McGrath, James F. (November 15, 2011). "Fringe View: The World of Jesus Mythicism". The Christian Century. 128 (123). p. 12. 
  22. ^ Carrier, Richard C. (2004). "Brunner's Gottkoenigs & the Nativity of Jesus: A Brief Communication". Frontline Apologetics. Archived from the original on January 23, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2009. 
  23. ^ Price, Robert M. (Summer 2001). "Aquarian Skeptic". Free Inquiry. 21 (3): 66–67. 
  24. ^ p. 1179
  25. ^ Ehrman, Bart D. (2012). Did Jesus Exist?: The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 20–24. ISBN 978-0-06-208994-6. OCLC 808490374. 
  26. ^ Casey, Maurice (2014). Jesus: Evidence and Argument or Mythicist Myths?. T&T Clark. p. 288. ISBN 978-0567447623. 

External links

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