Aceh Besar Regency

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Aceh Besar Regency
اچيه بسر (kabupaten Aceh Besar)
Regency
Rumoh Cut Nyak Dhiën.jpg Meuseujid Indra Puri.JPG
Lhok Me.jpg MTB SultanIskandarMudaIntlAirport.JPG
Seulawaih Agam.jpg Lhôk Mata Ië.JPG
From top left : Cut Nyak Dhien house, Indrapuri Old Mosque, Lhok Me Beach, Sultan Iskandar Muda Airport, Seulawah Agam, Lhok Mata Ie beach
Official seal of Aceh Besar Regency
Seal
Regency location
Regency location
Coordinates: 5°22′N 95°32′E / 5.367°N 95.533°E / 5.367; 95.533Coordinates: 5°22′N 95°32′E / 5.367°N 95.533°E / 5.367; 95.533
Country Indonesia
Province Aceh
Regency 1956
Capital Jantho
Area
 • Total 2,969.00 km2 (1,146.34 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 369,972
 • Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 651
Website www.acehbesarkab.go.id

Aceh Besar Regency is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) of Aceh Special Territory (daerah istimewa), Indonesia. The Regency covers an area of 2,969 square kilometres and according to the 2010 census had a population of 351,418; the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 369,972. The Regency is located at the northwest tip of Sumatra island and surrounds the provincial capital of Banda Aceh. The seat of the Regency government is Jantho.[1] The regency is divided into 23 districts (Indonesian: kecamatan) with 618 villages (Indonesian: gampong).

Economy

Aceh Besar Regency produces cloves, nutmeg and palm oil and rice, and also small quantities of maize, cassava, sweet potatoes and beans.[2]

Landmarks

Museums

Aceh Besar Regency contains several museums. The Museum dan Rumoh Aceh is the State Museum, located in Banda Aceh. The museum's main building is built in the style of a traditional Acehnese house. It was installed by Dutch Governor Van Swart in 1915.[3] Museum Ali Hasymi contains the personal collection of Ali Hasymi, a former governor of Aceh and artist and include books by the scholars of Acehnese past, ancient ceramics, the typical weapons of Aceh, souvenirs from all over the world, etc. Museum Cut Nyak Dhien was originally the home of the heroine Cut Nyak Dhien. The ancient Abee Tanoh Library, located at the foot of Mount Seulawa contains some important manuscripts.

Places of worship

Indra Puri Old Mosque is located about 20 km south of Medan. Indra Puri was a Hindu kingdom and it was a place of worship before Islam arrived. Later, Sultan Iskandar Muda introduced Islam to the public. After the people embraced Islam, the previous temple was converted into a mosque.[4] The mosque site covers an area of 33,875 m², and is located approximately 150 meters from the edge of Krueng Aceh River.

Fortress and tombs

Indra Patra Fortress is situated 19 km from Banda Aceh at Krueng Raya. According to history it was built under the Indra Puri Hindu kingdom, although some say that the fort was built during the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam in an effort to resist the Portuguese. The fort had a very important function at the time of Sultan Iskandar Muda.[5]

The Tomb of Admiral Malahayati is located about 32 km from the city of Banda Aceh.

Administrative divisions

The regency is divided administratively into twenty-three districts (Indonesian: kecamatan), which comprise 618 villages. The areas of the districts and their populations at the 2010 Census are listed below:[6]

Name Area
(in km2)
Population
Census 2010
No of
villages
Baitussalam 36.52 16,590 13
Blang Bintang 52.14 10,723 25
Darul Imarah 32.97 46,397 32
Darul Kamal 16.20 6,766 14
Darussalam 77.66 22,633 29
Indrapuri 282.75 19,975 52
Ingin Jaya 99.68 28,064 55
Kota Jantho 280.02 8,443 12
Krueng Barona Jaya 8.70 14,096 12
Kuta Baro 95.88 23,541 52
Kuta Cot Glie 232.31 12,388 32
Kuta Malaka 28.72 5,891 15
Lembah Seulawah 326.53 10,753 12
Leupung 76.00 2.553 6
Lho'nga 99.05 14,874 25
Lhoong 124.92 9,093 28
Mesjid Raya 110.38 20,864 13
Montasik 125.81 17,732 53
Peukan Bada 32.00 15,462 26
Pulo Aceh 92.85 3,796 17
Seulimeum 466.94 21,519 41
Simpang Tiga 42.87 5,360 18
Suka Makmur 74.00 13,905 35


Indra Patra Fortress in Ladong, Krueng Raya

Rusa Island

Rusa Island in Lhoong district was shaped like Rusa (deer) before the tsunami struck the island on 26 December 2004, but now the form of the island changed and become smaller like a lamb embryo. The island is very important for marking Indonesian boundaries due to its location in the outer-most west island in Indonesia with Titik Dasar TD175 and Titik Referensi TR175 (Base Point TD175 and Reference Point TR175).[7]

Bunta Island

After the tsunami struck Bunta island, a 45 minutes sail by traditional machine boat from Ujong Pancu Village, Peukan Bada, there are no inhabitant live there anymore. Nowadays some people use the island as coconut plantation, but they live in Banda Aceh. Due to the tsunami washed out all of the living creature there, so nowadays there are no squirrel, monkey or snake in the island. The island is popularized by documentary film "Hikayat di Ujung Pesisir" and ideal for camping with no facilities at all, and modest snorkeling can be done there.[8]

References

  1. ^ Discussion Paper on Enhancing Community Resilience to Natural Disasters: Lives of Children and Youth in Aceh. United Nations Publications. p. 31. 
  2. ^ Indonesia handbook. Dept. of Information, Republic of Indonesia. 1975. p. 91. 
  3. ^ "Pariwisata". Government of Aceh. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010. 
  4. ^ Oey, Eric (1991). Sumatra. Periplus Editions. p. 191. ISBN 0-8442-9907-3. 
  5. ^ "Indra Patra". Indonesia Tourism. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010. 
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. ^ "Pulau Rusa". May 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ Malvyandie Haryadi (July 15, 2015). "Pulau Bunta, Aceh Besar, Bukti Eksotisme Negeri Zamrud Khatulistiwa". 
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