Academy Award for Best Animated Feature

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Academy Award for Best Animated Feature
Awarded for The best animated film with a running time of more than 40 minutes, a significant number of the major characters animated, and at least 75 percent of the picture's running time including animation.
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded 2001 (for Shrek)
Currently held by Coco (2017)
Website oscars.org

The Academy Awards are given each year by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS or the Academy) for the best films and achievements of the previous year. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature is given each year for animated films. An animated feature is defined by the Academy as a film with a running time of more than 40 minutes in which characters' performances are created using a frame-by-frame technique, a significant number of the major characters are animated, and animation figures in no less than 75 percent of the running time. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was first awarded in 2002 for films made in 2001.[1][2][3]

The entire AMPAS membership has been eligible to choose the winner since the award's inception. If there are sixteen or more films submitted for the category, the winner is voted from a shortlist of five films, which has happened eight times, otherwise there will only be three films on the shortlist.[4] Additionally, eight eligible animated features must have been theatrically released in Los Angeles County within the calendar year for this category to be activated.

Animated films can be nominated for other categories, but have rarely been so; Beauty and the Beast (1991) was the first animated film ever nominated for Best Picture. Up (2009) and Toy Story 3 (2010) also received Best Picture nominations after the Academy expanded the number of nominees from five to ten.

Waltz with Bashir (2008) is the only animated film ever nominated for Best Foreign Language Film (though it did not receive a nomination for Best Animated Feature). The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) and Kubo and the Two Strings (2016) are the only two animated films to ever be nominated for Best Visual Effects.

History

For much of the Academy Awards' history, AMPAS was resistant to the idea of a regular Oscar for animated features, considering there were simply too few produced to justify such consideration.[5] Instead, the Academy occasionally bestowed special Oscars for exceptional productions, usually for Walt Disney Pictures, such as for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1938,[6] and the Special Achievement Academy Award for the live action/animated hybrid Who Framed Roger Rabbit in 1989[7] and Toy Story in 1996.[8] In fact, prior to the creation of the award, only one animated film received a Best Picture nomination: 1991's Beauty and the Beast, also by Walt Disney Pictures.

By 2001, the rise of sustained competitors to Disney in the feature animated film market, such as DreamWorks Animation (founded by former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg), created an increase of film releases of significant annual number enough for AMPAS to reconsider.[9] The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was first given out at the 74th Academy Awards,[10] held on March 24, 2002.[11] The Academy included a rule that stated that the award would not be presented in a year in which fewer than eight eligible films opened in theaters.[12]

People in the animation industry and fans expressed hope that the prestige from this award and the resulting boost to the box office would encourage the increased production of animated features. Some members and fans have criticized the award, however, saying it is only intended to prevent animated films from having a chance of winning Best Picture. DreamWorks had advertised heavily during the holiday 2001 season for Shrek, but was disappointed when the rumored Best Picture nomination did not materialize, though it was nominated for and ended up winning the inaugural Best Animated Feature award.[1]

The criticism of Best Animated Feature was particularly prominent at the 81st Academy Awards, in which WALL-E won the award but was not nominated for Best Picture, despite receiving widespread acclaim from critics and audiences and being generally considered one of the best films of 2008.[13][14][15][16] This led to controversy over whether the film was deliberately snubbed of the nomination by the Academy. Film critic Peter Travers commented that "If there was ever a time where an animated feature deserved to be nominated for Best Picture, it's WALL-E." However, official Academy Award regulations state that any movie nominated for this category can still be nominated for Best Picture.[4] There have been complaints that the Best Animated Feature award is held in unfairly low regard by Academy members with many members refusing to vote for films they consider mere children's fare beneath them, or letting their own children see the films and go with their opinions instead. The dominance of Disney and Pixar allegedly as a result of this bias is suggested to be injuring the credibility of the award.[17]

In 2009, when the nominee slots for Best Picture were doubled to ten, Up was nominated for both Best Animated Feature and Best Picture at the 82nd Academy Awards, the first film to do so since the creation of the Animated Feature category. This feat was repeated the following year by Toy Story 3. Since 2010 onward, with the increasing competitiveness of the Animated Feature category, Pixar (a perennial nominee) did not receive nominations for several recent films considering the studio has released films of more mixed critical reaction and box office earnings, while Pixar's sister studio Disney Animation won their first three awards.[18]

In 2010, the Academy enacted a new rule regarding the performance capture technique employed in films such as Disney's A Christmas Carol from Robert Zemeckis and The Adventures of Tintin from Steven Spielberg, and how they might not be eligible in this category in the future. This rule was possibly made to prevent nominations of live-action films that rely heavily on motion capture, such as James Cameron's Avatar.

When the category was first instated, the nomination went to the person(s) most involved in creating the winning film. This could be the producer, the director, or both. For the 76th Academy Awards in 2003, only the director(s) of the film received the nomination. For the 86th Academy Awards ten years later, this was amended to include one producer and up to two directors.

Winners and nominees

2000s

Year Film Nominees
2001
(74th)
[11]
Shrek Aron Warner
Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius Steve Oedekerk and John A. Davis
Monsters, Inc. Pete Docter and John Lasseter
2002
(75th)
[19]
Spirited Away Hayao Miyazaki
Ice Age Chris Wedge
Lilo & Stitch Chris Sanders
Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron Jeffrey Katzenberg
Treasure Planet Ron Clements
2003
(76th)
[20]
Finding Nemo Andrew Stanton
Brother Bear Aaron Blaise and Robert Walker
The Triplets of Belleville Sylvain Chomet
2004
(77th)
[21]
The Incredibles Brad Bird
Shark Tale Bill Damaschke
Shrek 2 Andrew Adamson
2005
(78th)
[22]
Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Nick Park and Steve Box
Corpse Bride Mike Johnson and Tim Burton
Howl's Moving Castle Hayao Miyazaki
2006
(79th)
[23]
Happy Feet George Miller
Cars John Lasseter
Monster House Gil Kenan
2007
(80th)
[24]
Ratatouille Brad Bird
Persepolis Marjane Satrapi and Vincent Paronnaud
Surf's Up Ash Brannon and Chris Buck
2008
(81st)
[25]
WALL-E Andrew Stanton
Bolt Chris Williams and Byron Howard
Kung Fu Panda John Stevenson and Mark Osborne
2009
(82nd)
[26]
Up Pete Docter
Coraline Henry Selick
Fantastic Mr. Fox Wes Anderson
The Princess and the Frog John Musker and Ron Clements
The Secret of Kells Tomm Moore

2010s

Year Film Nominees
2010
(83rd)
[27]
Toy Story 3 Lee Unkrich
How to Train Your Dragon Chris Sanders and Dean DeBlois
The Illusionist Sylvain Chomet
2011
(84th)
[28]
Rango Gore Verbinski
A Cat in Paris Alain Gagnol and Jean-Loup Felicioli
Chico & Rita Fernando Trueba and Javier Mariscal
Kung Fu Panda 2 Jennifer Yuh Nelson
Puss in Boots Chris Miller
2012
(85th)
[29]
Brave Mark Andrews and Brenda Chapman
Frankenweenie Tim Burton
ParaNorman Sam Fell and Chris Butler
The Pirates! Band of Misfits Peter Lord
Wreck-It Ralph Rich Moore
2013
(86th)
[30]
Frozen Chris Buck, Jennifer Lee, and Peter Del Vecho
The Croods Kirk DeMicco, Chris Sanders, and Kristine Belson
Despicable Me 2 Pierre Coffin, Chris Renaud, and Chris Meledandri
Ernest & Celestine Benjamin Renner and Didier Brunner
The Wind Rises Hayao Miyazaki and Toshio Suzuki
2014
(87th)
[31]
Big Hero 6 Don Hall, Chris Williams, and Roy Conli
The Boxtrolls Graham Annable, Anthony Stacchi, and Travis Knight
How to Train Your Dragon 2 Dean DeBlois and Bonnie Arnold
Song of the Sea Tomm Moore and Paul Young
The Tale of the Princess Kaguya Isao Takahata and Yoshiaki Nishimura
2015
(88th)
[32]
Inside Out Pete Docter and Jonas Rivera
Anomalisa Charlie Kaufman, Duke Johnson, and Rosa Tran
Boy and the World Alê Abreu
Shaun the Sheep Movie Mark Burton and Richard Starzak
When Marnie Was There Hiromasa Yonebayashi and Yoshiaki Nishimura
2016
(89th)
[33]
Zootopia Byron Howard, Rich Moore, and Clark Spencer
Kubo and the Two Strings Travis Knight and Arianne Sutner
Moana John Musker, Ron Clements, and Osnat Shurer
My Life as a Zucchini Claude Barras and Max Karli
The Red Turtle Michaël Dudok de Wit and Toshio Suzuki
2017
(90th)
[34]
Coco Lee Unkrich and Darla K. Anderson
The Boss Baby Tom McGrath and Ramsey Ann Naito
The Breadwinner Nora Twomey and Anthony Leo
Ferdinand Carlos Saldanha and Lori Forte
Loving Vincent Dorota Kobiela, Hugh Welchman, and Ivan Mactaggart

Studios with multiple nominations

Studio Wins Nominations Films
Pixar 9 11 Monsters, Inc., Finding Nemo, The Incredibles, Cars, Ratatouille, WALL-E, Up, Toy Story 3, Brave, Inside Out, Coco
Disney 3 10 Lilo & Stitch, Treasure Planet, Brother Bear, Bolt, The Princess and the Frog, Wreck-It Ralph, Frozen, Big Hero 6, Zootopia, Moana
DreamWorks Animation 1 11 Shrek, Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron, Shrek 2, Shark Tale, Kung Fu Panda, How to Train Your Dragon, Kung Fu Panda 2, Puss in Boots, The Croods, How to Train Your Dragon 2, The Boss Baby
Studio Ghibli 6 Spirited Away, Howl's Moving Castle, The Wind Rises, The Tale of the Princess Kaguya, When Marnie Was There, The Red Turtle (co-production)
Aardman 3 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, The Pirates! Band of Misfits, Shaun the Sheep Movie
Nickelodeon 2 Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, Rango
Laika 0 4 Coraline, ParaNorman, The Boxtrolls, Kubo and the Two Strings
Cartoon Saloon 3 The Secret of Kells, Song of the Sea, The Breadwinner
Les Armateurs 2 The Triplets of Belleville, Ernest & Celestine
Blue Sky Ice Age, Ferdinand
Tim Burton Corpse Bride, Frankenweenie

Medium breakdown

Foreign language films

The Academy Awards have also nominated a number of non-English-language films.

All the Japanese films on this list have also been released with English-language dubbing.

References

  1. ^ a b "15 Amazing Animated Movies That Were Snubbed By The Oscars". 7 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "'Shrek' wins for animated feature". USA Today. Associated Press. March 25, 2002. Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ "100 Greatest Movies, TV Shows, and More". Entertainment Weekly. December 4, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Rule Seven: Special Rules for the Animated Feature Film Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ Osbourne, Robert (2013). 85 Years of the Oscar. Abberville Press. p. 357. ISBN 978-0-7892-1142-2. 
  6. ^ Osbourne. 85 Years. p. 58. 
  7. ^ Osbourne. 85 Years. p. 298. 
  8. ^ Osbourne. 85 Years. p. 327. 
  9. ^ Osbourne. 85 Years. p. 357. 
  10. ^ "History of the Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 23, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "74th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  12. ^ "5 Reasons the Academy Overlooked 'The LEGO Movie'". Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  13. ^ "The 2008 Top Tens". Archived from the original on 31 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  14. ^ Keegan Winters, Rebecca (July 7, 2008). "Can WALL-E Win Best Picture?". Time. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ Bandyk, Matthew (January 22, 2009). "Academy Awards Controversy: Wall-E Gets Snubbed For Best Picture Oscar". US News. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  16. ^ Breznican, Anthony (July 2, 2008). "Is the best-picture Oscar within WALL-E's reach?". USA Today. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  17. ^ Amidi, Amid. "Academy Members Don't Care About Animation: 2017 Edition". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  18. ^ "Why Disney Fired John Lasseter - And How He Came Back to Heal the Studio". 21 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "75th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  20. ^ "76th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  21. ^ "77th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  22. ^ "78th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  23. ^ "79th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  24. ^ "80th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  25. ^ "81st Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  26. ^ "82nd Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  27. ^ "83rd Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  28. ^ "84th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  29. ^ "85th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  30. ^ "86th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  31. ^ "87th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 15, 2015. 
  32. ^ "88th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  33. ^ "89th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 24, 2017. 
  34. ^ "90th Academy Awards Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 

See also

External links

  • Academy Awards Database – AMPAS
  • Academy Award WInning Feature Films at BCDB
  • Best Animated Picture Submissions for 2011 Oscars
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