Aborigines Progressive Association

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Proclamation of the Day of Mourning.

The Aborigines Progressive Association (APA[1]) was established in 1937 by William Ferguson and Jack Patten in Dubbo, New South Wales.[2][3] Ferguson led a group in the western part of the state, while Patten assembled an alliance of activists in the north-east. Both wings of the APA were involved in political organisation, rallies, and protests in both Aboriginal communities and reserves and major NSW centres such as Sydney.[4]

In 1938 the APA organised the Day of Mourning on Australia Day of that year to protest the lack of basic human rights available to Aborigines.[1] It was held at the Australian Hall building, Sydney.[4] The APA ceased to exist in 1944, but was revived in 1963-1966.[5]


  1. ^ a b Coghill, Leonie (1997). Footprints: to country, kin and cultures. Curriculum Corporation. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-86366-367-0.
  2. ^ Attwood, Bain; Markus, Andrew (1999). The struggle for aboriginal rights: a documentary history. Allen & Unwin. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-86448-584-4.
  3. ^ Lake, Marilyn (2002). Faith: Faith Bandler, gentle activist. Allen & Unwin. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-86508-841-9.
  4. ^ a b Hinkson, Melinda; Harris, Alana (2001). Aboriginal Sydney: a guide to important places of the past and present. Aboriginal Studies Press. p. 22–24. ISBN 978-0-85575-370-2.
  5. ^ http://indigenousrights.net.au/organisations/pagination/aborigines_progressive_association
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