Aberporth

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Aberporth
LeapingDolphinAberporth.jpg
Leaping Dolphin sculpture, Aberporth
Aberporth is located in Ceredigion
Aberporth
Aberporth
Location within Ceredigion
Population 2,374 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SN2549251448
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cardigan
Postcode district SA43 2
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Ceredigion
52°08′00″N 4°33′00″W / 52.133333°N 4.55°W / 52.133333; -4.55Coordinates: 52°08′00″N 4°33′00″W / 52.133333°N 4.55°W / 52.133333; -4.55

Aberporth is a Welsh coastal village, local-government community and electoral ward in Ceredigion. The population at the 2001 Census, was 2,485,[2] of whom 49 per cent could speak the Welsh language. At the 2011 Census, the population of the community was 2,374 and of the village 1241.[3] Aberporth's beaches have earned Blue Flag status.[4]

Location

One of the two beaches in Aberporth
Aberporth c. 1885

Aberporth is on the Ceredigion Coast Path, part of the Wales Coast Path, at the southern end of Cardigan Bay, about 6 miles (10 km) northeast of Cardigan and 10 miles (16 km) southwest of New Quay. The Fishguard to Bangor Trunk Road (A487) is reached via the B4333 road in about 2 miles (3 km).

History

In the 16th century, boats, nets and salt for preserving were brought in from Ireland. Aberporth became a subsidiary port of Cardigan. The landing point developed rapidly in the late 17th and early 18th centuries as local people began to take part in the maritime trade. It became a very active port; the northern of the two beaches extended into the river valley and provided a safe anchorage. Lime kilns, coal yards and warehouses were built on its south shore.[5]

Aberporth developed into a centre of the herring fishing industry in Wales. Drifting and netting were both employed, and at one time at least 20 full-time herring smacks, a type of traditional fishing boat, went to sea regularly. The industry continued until the beginning of the First World War, when fish stocks declined.[6]

Governance

Aberporth is the name of the electoral ward which is coterminous with the community,[7] although before 1995 it was a ward of Dyfed County Council and included the neighbouring communities of Penbryn and Y Ferwig.[8] Since 1995, the ward has elected one county councillor to Ceredigion County Council. Independent councillor Gethin James represented the ward from 2004[9] until the May 2017 election when he was beaten by Plaid Cymru candidate Gethin Davies.[10]

Aberporth is represented at the local level by 12 community councillors on Aberporth Community Council.[11]

Amenities

The small St Cynwyl's Anglican parish church was renovated in 1857, but has been decaying over the last few decades.[citation needed]

The village has two sandy beaches: Traeth y Dyffryn ("valley beach"), also known as Traeth y Llongau[12] ("ships beach"), and Traeth Dolwen[13] Both have been awarded a Blue Flag several years running. Aberporth is a recreational fishing village in the summer and is also used by divers and boating people. Crab and lobster fishing continues on a small scale.

In 2006 orcas and harbour porpoises were seen, but such sightings are rare. Even rarer was a turtle seen in 2005. Sunfish and basking sharks are sometimes seen offshore in the summer.

Apart from tourism, the main local employer is the Ministry of Defence at the Qinetiq missile range. ParcAberporth technology park hosts organisations involved in the sectors of defence, aerospace and the technology of UAVs known as drones. ParcAberporth is linked with the research facilities at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Aberporth Airport (ICAO: EGFA) is being developed as West Wales Airport[14] for domestic flights, and as a centre for the deployment of civil and military drones. The airport underwent major improvements in 2008, which extended the runway from 945 to 1,257 m (3,100 to 4,124 ft).

Education

Aberporth School, established in 1834, had 31 pupils in 1836. In 1854, a building for 110 pupils was built; average attendance in 1904 was 68. It was a national school providing elementary education, in accordance with the teaching of the Church of England, to the children of the poor. In 1926, it became a Church of England school.

In 1915, a council school was established.[15]

Ysgol Gymunedol Aberporth is the present-day primary school in Aberporth. There were 122 pupils on the roll in 2013. Only 12 per cent came from homes where Welsh was the main language (down from 16 per cent in 2007). It was in the A/B category according to the Local Education Authority's language policy in 2001, but by 2007, it had changed into a category A school, meaning that Welsh is now the main language of teaching there.[16]

Notable people

  • Ricky Evans (born 1960), rugby union international, was born in Aberporth.

Weather station

The Met Office has a weather station at Aberporth.[17] It is one of the 22 coastal locations whose reports are included in the BBC Shipping Forecast. Data goes back to 1941.[18]

Typically, less than three days of the year reach 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above,[19] the warmest of which will on average be 26.8 °C (80.2 °F).[20] The highest temperature recorded at Aberporth was 32.7 °C (90.9 °F) during July 2006.[21] On average 18.3 nights a year report air frost and the coldest night of the year will fall to −4.5 °C (23.9 °F).[22] The lowest recorded temperature was −9.9 °C (14.2 °F), during January 1963[23]

Rainfall averages some 870 mm a year, with at least 1 mm falling on 143/144 days.

Climate data for Aberporth 133m asl, 1971-2000, Extremes 1960-
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
15.2
(59.4)
21.0
(69.8)
25.6
(78.1)
26.6
(79.9)
31.5
(88.7)
32.7
(90.9)
31.5
(88.7)
25.2
(77.4)
22.0
(71.6)
17.0
(62.6)
14.1
(57.4)
32.7
(90.9)
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.3
(45.1)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
13.7
(56.7)
15.9
(60.6)
18.0
(64.4)
18.1
(64.6)
16.1
(61.0)
13.2
(55.8)
10.0
(50.0)
8.3
(46.9)
12.3
(54.1)
Average low °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
2.6
(36.7)
3.8
(38.8)
4.9
(40.8)
7.5
(45.5)
10.0
(50.0)
12.2
(54.0)
12.3
(54.1)
10.7
(51.3)
8.4
(47.1)
5.6
(42.1)
3.9
(39.0)
7.1
(44.8)
Record low °C (°F) −9.9
(14.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.1
(32.2)
1.7
(35.1)
5.6
(42.1)
5.5
(41.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.9
(30.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 88.5
(3.48)
62.7
(2.47)
63.7
(2.51)
50.7
(2.00)
48.2
(1.90)
61.1
(2.41)
49.2
(1.94)
68.2
(2.69)
75.7
(2.98)
104.2
(4.10)
98.3
(3.87)
99.2
(3.91)
870.2
(34.26)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 54.6 74.0 109.7 168.6 213.6 190.5 198.7 184.8 141.0 100.1 63.3 45.6 1,544.5
Source: Met Office[24]

References

  1. ^ "Community and Ward population 2011". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics: Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Ceredigion
  3. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Aberporth built-up area (1119885732)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  4. ^ Blue Flag beaches in Wales Archived 1 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 18 December 2011
  5. ^ Jenkins, J. Geraint. Ceredigion: Interpreting an Ancient County. Gwasg Careg Gwalch (2005) p. 51.
  6. ^ Jenkins, J. Geraint. Ceredigion: Interpreting an Ancient County. Gwasg Careg Gwalch (2005) p. 52.
  7. ^ "Election maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  8. ^ The County of Dyfed (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1988. legislation.gov.uk. Statutory Instruments. 1988. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Ceredigion County Council Election Results 1995-2012" (PDF). The Elections Centre. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Ceredigion County Council Election 2017: The Results". Cambrian News. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Council". Aberporth Community Council. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Tresaith ac Aberporth: Taith gerdded ar hyd yr arfordir a'r cefn gwlad" (PDF). Darganfod Ceredigion. 2001. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Aberporth". Darganfod Ceredigion. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  14. ^ West Wales Airport
  15. ^ "Ref:Aberporth". Ceredigion Archives – School Records. Ceredigion County Council. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  16. ^ EduBase details for 400607
  17. ^ Office stations Archived 18 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Met Office – Aberporth data.
  19. ^ ">1971-2000 average >25c days". Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  20. ^ ">1971–2000 average warmest day". Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  21. ^ "2006 Maximum". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  22. ^ ">1971-2000 average coldest night". Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  23. ^ ">1963 Minimum". Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  24. ^ "Aberporth 1971–2000 averages". Met Office. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.

External links

  • www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Aberporth and surrounding area
  • Information on the Ceredigion Tourism website
  • History of sounding rocket launches from Aberporth facility 1959-1972
  • grid reference SN260514
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