Abdul Hamid Khan (general)

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Abdul Hamid Khan
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Pakistan Pakistan
Service/branch British Raj British Indian Army
 Pakistan Army
Years of service 1939 – 1971
Rank OF-9 Pakistan Army.svg US-O10 insignia.svg General
Service number PA-95
Unit Baluch Regiment
Commands held 10th bn Baluch Regiment
3rd bn Baluch Regiment
11th Infantry Division, Lahore
I Corps, Kharian
Chief of Staff of the Army/De-facto Commander-in-Chief of the Army
Battles/wars World War II
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Awards Hilal-i-Quaid-i-Azam
Sitara-i-Pakistan
Sitara-i-Quaid-i-Azam

General Abdul Hamid Khan, (Urdu: عبد الحمید خان) HQA, SPk, SQA, was a four-rank army general in the Pakistan Army, serving as Chief of Staff under President Yahya Khan and led the army during the events in the war with India in 1971.[1]

Early career

Abdul Hamid Khan was born 29 April 1917.[2] He attended the Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dun. He was commissioned a second lieutenant on the Special List 15 July 1939 and was initially attached to the Somerset Light Infantry for experience from 11 August 1939.[3] His date of commission was later antedated to 28 August 1938 and he was promoted Lieutenant 28 November 1940. He was admitted to the Indian Army 27 August 1940. He was appointed acting Captain then temporary Captain on 23 December 1940.[4] He had been posted to 3rd battalion 10th Baluch Regiment by October 1942.[5]

He was promoted war substantive Captain and temporary Major 3 February 1944. He was briefly an acting Lieut-Col 15 August to 18 October 1945. He had attended a war time staff course. [6]

He opted for the Pakistan Army in 1947 and was promoted Lt-Col commanding 6th battalion Baluch Regiment April 1948 - November 1948. He was then appointed Lt-Col commanding 3rd battalion Baluch Regiment from November 1948 to December 1949.[7]

1965 Battle of Khem Karan

During the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War, then Major General Abdul Hamid Khan served as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) 11th Infantry Division at Kasur. This division in addition to 10th Infantry Division under Major General Sarfraz Khan repelled the Indian thrust at Lahore on 6 September 1965. His division captured the district of Khem Karan in Indian Punjab, though further advances were checked. He then was able to withstand multiple counter-attacks by the Indian Army in an effort to retake Khem Karan.[8][9]

Career in the Yahya Government

After the war, Abdul Hamid Khan was promoted to Lieutenant General and served as the commander of I Corps, then based in Kharian (it is currently based in Mangla).[10] After martial law was imposed by General Yahya Khan on 25 March 1969, Lt Gen Hamid Khan was made the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Army and Deputy Martial Law Administrator of the country.[11] During that time he briefly held the cabinet portfolio of Home Affairs for four months. He was promoted to full general on March 1969 and was appointed as the Chief of Staff of the Army or in other sense the de facto commander-in-chief in place of Yahya as he was the President.

1971 Indo-Pakistan War

General Hamid, the Commander-in-Chief of the army was blamed along with General Yahya Khan for the Pakistani military debacle during the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War. [12]

References

  1. ^ Riza, Maj Gen Shaukat. (1990). The Pakistan Army 1966-71. Rawalpindi: Services Book Club 1990.
  2. ^ The Half Yearly Indian Army List April 1946
  3. ^ July 1940 Indian Army List
  4. ^ The Half Yearly Indian Army List April 1946
  5. ^ October 1942 Indian Army List Most Secret edition
  6. ^ The Half Yearly Indian Army List April 1946
  7. ^ Riza, Maj Gen Shaukat. The Pakistan Army 1947-49 Rawalpindi: Services Book Club 1989
  8. ^ Riza, Maj Gen Shaukat. (1984). The Pakistan Army: War 1965. Rawalpindi: Services Book Club 1990.
  9. ^ Ravi Rikhye. "The Battle of Assal Uttar: Pakistan and India 1965" Pakistan Orbat, February 24, 2002
  10. ^ "Changes in the Army High Command" Archived 2008-11-22 at the Wayback Machine. British High Commission", 5 May 1966
  11. ^ Pakistan : Martial Law "Who's Who" Archived 2008-09-23 at the Wayback Machine. The American Papers - Secret and Confidential India.Pakistan.Bangladesh Documents 1965-1973, March 26, 1969
  12. ^ Ardeshir Cowasjee. "Gen Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan - 4" Dawn Newspaper, 17 September 2000

External links

  • Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report
Political offices
Preceded by
Afzal Rahman Khan
Interior Minister of Pakistan
1969
Succeeded by
Sardar Abdur Rashid Khan
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