Abatan River

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Abatan River
Abatan River 2.jpg
Abatan River is located in Philippines
Abatan River
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas
Province Bohol
Physical characteristics
River mouth Maribojoc Bay (Cebu Strait)
Cortes
9°24′50″N 123°51′40″E / 9.41389°N 123.86111°E / 9.41389; 123.86111Coordinates: 9°24′50″N 123°51′40″E / 9.41389°N 123.86111°E / 9.41389; 123.86111
Basin features
Basin size 350 km2 (140 sq mi)[1]
Abatan River looking downstream towards the mangrove estuary

The Abatan River is a river in eastern Bohol, Philippines. The river winds through the towns of Catigbian, Antequera, Balilihan, and Maribojoc to its mouth at Cortes.[2]

The river is navigable up to 19 kilometres (12 mi) for boats drawing 4 ft, and up to 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) for rafts.[3] Its name comes from the word abad which means to meet or to converge.[4]

At its mouth, the river opens up to an estuary, which consists of a mixed mangrove and nipa swamp. It covers about 1,000 acres (400 ha) and has 32 mangrove species growing in its estuary; as a result, it is one of the Philippines' most diverse mangrove forests and is the third largest riverine mangrove forest in Bohol; despite the presence of endangered plant and animal species, there are no conservation or protection efforts.[5][6][7]

Historically prior to road construction, the river served as a waterway for the people to and from the interior towns. Following the success of the Loboc River tours, there are river cruises from the Abatan River Visitor Center in Cortes to various communities upstream. Kayak exploration and stand-up paddle boarding are also available.[2] The visitor center suffered severe damage from the 2013 Bohol earthquake.[6]

During World War II, a ship in the United States Navy was commissioned: USS Abatan (AW-4), a Pasig-class distilling ship, was named after the river.[8]

Flora and fauna

The river basin is home to 273 plant species and 67 species of wild animals, as well as 8 species of fireflies, including Pteroptyx macdermotti which is very rare and endemic to the Philippines. The mangrove species Camptostemon philippinense (locally known as Gapas-gapas) is globally endangered and the rarest mangrove species in the Philippines.[5][6]

The Abatan River estuary is home to the following true mangrove species (with local names in parentheses):[5]

Animal varieties include mudskippers, rats, fruit bats like the Large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus), lizards like the mangrove skink (Emoia atrocostata) and water monitor (Varanus salvator), as well as ants, spiders and fiddler crabs. Snake species include the King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), which is locally known as Banakon, Samar cobra (Naja samarensis), locally known as Ugahipon, and the Philippine whipsnake, locally known as Hanlulukay (Dryophiops philippina).[5]

See also

Other significant rivers in Bohol:

References

  1. ^ Villegas, Ramon N., ed. (2003). Tubod : the heart of Bohol. Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts. ISBN 9718140360. 
  2. ^ a b "The Abatan Life River Tour in Bohol". official website of the Tourism Office of the Province of Bohol. Bohol Tourism Office. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  3. ^ Census of the Philippine Islands – Volume I: Geography, History, And Population. Washington: United States Bureau of the Census. 1905. p. 67. 
  4. ^ Salazar, Marlet D. (August 20, 2011). "Exploring Bohol's Other River Towns". Inquirer.net. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Marcel J. Middeljans (August 2014). "The species composition of the mangrove forest along the Abatan River in Lincod, Maribojoc, Bohol, Philippines and the mangrove forest structure and its regeneration status between managed and unmanaged Nipa palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb)". Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "Abatan River". www.seacology.org. Seacology. February 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  7. ^ Ric V. Obedencio (November 15, 2016). "A first in the country: DENR mulls setting Abatan River eco-museum". philstar.com. The Freeman. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  8. ^ "Abatan (AW-4)". www.history.navy.mil. Naval History and Heritage Command. July 9, 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2017. 
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