A Momentary Lapse of Reason

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A Momentary Lapse of Reason
A line of hospital beds stretch into the distance on an overcast beach. A man sits on one bed holding a mirror. The sky is slightly purple.
Original UK LP cover
Studio album by Pink Floyd
Released 7 September 1987 (1987-09-07)
Recorded November 1986 – March 1987
Studio Astoria Studios, London; Mayfair Studios, London; Britannia Row Studios, London; Audio International, London; A&M Studios, Los Angeles; Village Recorders, Los Angeles; Can Am Studios, Los Angeles; Le Mobile[1]
Genre
Length 51:14
Label
Producer
Pink Floyd chronology
Works
(1983)
A Momentary Lapse of Reason
(1987)
Delicate Sound of Thunder
(1988)
Singles from A Momentary Lapse of Reason
  1. "Learning to Fly"
    Released: 14 September 1987
  2. "On the Turning Away"
    Released: 14 December 1987
  3. "One Slip"
    Released: 13 June 1988

A Momentary Lapse of Reason is the thirteenth studio album by the English progressive rock band Pink Floyd. It was released in the UK and US on 7 September 1987 by EMI and Columbia. It was the first Pink Floyd album since the departure of bass guitarist, singer, and songwriter Roger Waters in 1985.

Unlike many Pink Floyd albums, A Momentary Lapse of Reason is not a concept album and is instead a collection of songs written by guitarist David Gilmour, sometimes with outside songwriters. It followed Gilmour's decision to include material recorded for his third solo album on a new Pink Floyd album with drummer Nick Mason and keyboardist Richard Wright.

A Momentary Lapse of Reason was recorded primarily on Gilmour's converted houseboat, Astoria. Its production was marked by a legal dispute with Waters as to who owned the rights to the Pink Floyd name, an issue resolved several months after the album was released.

Though it received mixed reviews and was derided by Waters, A Momentary Lapse of Reason outsold Pink Floyd's previous album The Final Cut (1983), and was supported by a successful world tour. In the US, it has been certified quadruple platinum.

Background

After the release of Pink Floyd's 1983 album The Final Cut, viewed by some as a de facto solo record by bassist and songwriter Roger Waters,[2][3] the band members worked on solo projects. Guitarist David Gilmour expressed feelings about his strained relationship with Waters on his second solo album, About Face (1984), and finished the accompanying tour as Waters began touring to promote his debut solo album, The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking.[4] Although both had enlisted a range of successful performers, including in Waters' case Eric Clapton, their solo acts attracted fewer fans than Pink Floyd; poor ticket sales forced Gilmour to cancel several concerts, and critic David Fricke felt that Waters' show was "a petulant echo, a transparent attempt to prove that Roger Waters was Pink Floyd".[5] Waters returned to the US in March 1985 with a second tour, this time without the support of CBS Records, which had expressed its preference for a new Pink Floyd album; Waters criticised the corporation as "a machine".[6]

At that time, certainly, I just thought, I can't really see how we can make the next record or if we can it's a long time in the future, and it'll probably be more for, just because of feeling of some obligation that we ought to do it, rather than for any enthusiasm.

Nick Mason, In the Studio with Redbeard (1987)[7]

After drummer Nick Mason attended one of Waters' London performances in 1985, he found he missed touring under the Pink Floyd name. His visit coincided with the release in August of his second solo album, Profiles, on which Gilmour sang.[8][9] With a shared love of aviation, Mason and Gilmour were taking flying lessons and together bought a de Havilland Dove aeroplane. Gilmour was working on other collaborations, including a performance for Bryan Ferry at 1985's Live Aid concert, and co-produced the Dream Academy's self-titled debut album.[10]

In December 1985, Waters announced that he had left Pink Floyd, which he believed was "a spent force creatively".[11][12] After the failure of his About Face tour, Gilmour hoped to continue with the Pink Floyd name. The threat of a lawsuit from Gilmour, Mason and CBS Records was meant to compel Waters to write and produce another Pink Floyd album with his bandmates, who had barely participated in making The Final Cut; Gilmour was especially critical of the album, labelling it "cheap filler" and "meandering rubbish".[13] The lawsuit left Waters with only one other option: to formally resign from Pink Floyd in order to protect himself from a lawsuit that, he said, "would have wiped me out completely".

According to Gilmour, "I told [Waters] before he left, 'If you go, man, we're carrying on. Make no bones about it, we would carry on', and Roger replied: 'You'll never fucking do it.'"[14] Waters had written to EMI and Columbia declaring his intention to leave the group and asking them to release him from his contractual obligations. He also dispensed with the services of Pink Floyd manager Steve O'Rourke and employed Peter Rudge to manage his affairs.[8] This left Gilmour and Mason, in their view, free to continue with the Pink Floyd name.[15]

They threatened me with the fact that we had a contract with CBS Records and that part of the contract could be construed to mean that we had a product commitment with CBS and if we didn't go on producing product, they could a) sue us and b) withhold royalties if we didn't make any more records. So they said, 'that's what the record company are going to do and the rest of the band are going to sue you for all their legal expenses and any loss of earnings because you're the one that's preventing the band from making any more records.' They forced me to resign from the band because, if I hadn't, the financial repercussions would have wiped me out completely.

Roger Waters, Uncut (June 2004), explaining why he stopped his legal challenge [16]

In Waters' absence, Gilmour had been recruiting musicians for a new project. Months previously, keyboardist Jon Carin had jammed with Gilmour at his Hookend studio, where he composed the chord progression that became "Learning to Fly", and so was invited onto the team.[17] Gilmour invited Bob Ezrin (co-producer of 1979's The Wall) to help consolidate their material;[18] Ezrin had turned down Waters' offer of a role on the development of his new solo album, Radio K.A.O.S., saying it was "far easier for Dave and I to do our version of a Floyd record".[19] Ezrin arrived in England in mid-1986 for what Gilmour later described as "mucking about with a lot of demos".[20]

At this stage, there was no commitment to a new Pink Floyd release, and Gilmour maintained that the new material might become his third solo album. CBS representative Stephen Ralbovsky hoped for a new Pink Floyd album, but in a meeting in November 1986, told Gilmour and Ezrin that the music "doesn't sound a fucking thing like Pink Floyd".[21] Gilmour later said that the new project was difficult without Waters.[22] Gilmour had experimented with songwriters such as Eric Stewart and Roger McGough, but eventually settled on Anthony Moore,[23] who was credited as co-writer of "Learning to Fly" and "On the Turning Away". Whereas many Pink Floyd albums were concept albums, Gilmour settled for the more conventional approach of a collection of songs without a thematic link.[24] By the end of that year, he had decided to make the material into a Pink Floyd project.[7]

Recording

You can't go back ... You have to find a new way of working, of operating and getting on with it. We didn't make this remotely like we've made any other Floyd record. It was different systems, everything.

David Gilmour[25]

A Momentary Lapse of Reason was recorded in several different studios, mainly Gilmour's houseboat studio Astoria moored on the Thames; according to Ezrin, "working there was just magical, so inspirational; kids sculling down the river, geese flying by ..."[20]. Andy Jackson was brought in to engineer. During sessions held between November 1986 and February 1987,[26] Gilmour's band worked on new material, which in a marked change from previous Pink Floyd albums was recorded with a 24-track analogue machine and overdubbed onto a 32-track Mitsubishi digital recorder. This trend of using new technologies continued with the use of MIDI synchronisation, aided by an Apple Macintosh computer.[21][27]

After agreeing to rework the material that Ralbovsky had found objectionable, Gilmour employed session musicians such as Carmine Appice and Jim Keltner. Both drummers, they replaced Mason on several songs; Mason was concerned that he was too out of practice to perform on the album, and instead busied himself with its sound effects.[21][28] Some drum parts were also performed by drum machines.[29] During the sessions, Gilmour was asked by the wife of Pink Floyd's former keyboardist, Richard Wright, if he could contribute. A founding member of the band, Wright had left in 1979, and there were legal obstacles to his return, but after a meeting in Hampstead he was recruited as a paid musician on a weekly wage of $11,000.[30][31] Gilmour said in an interview with author Karl Dallas that Wright's presence "would make us stronger legally and musically". However, his contributions were minimal; most of the keyboard parts had already been recorded, and so from February 1987 Wright played some background reinforcement on a Hammond organ, and a Rhodes piano, and added vocal harmonies. He also performed a solo in "On the Turning Away", which was discarded, according to Wright, "not because they didn't like it ... they just thought it didn't fit."[25] Gilmour later said: "Both Nick and Rick were catatonic in terms of their playing ability at the beginning. Neither of them played on this at all really. In my view, they'd been destroyed by Roger." Gilmour's comments angered Mason, who said: "I'd deny that I was catatonic. I'd expect that from the opposition, it's less attractive from one's allies. At some point, he made some sort of apology." Mason conceded that Gilmour was nervous about how the album would be perceived.[30]

"Learning to Fly", with its lyrics of "circling sky, tongue-tied and twisted, just an earthbound misfit, I", was inspired by Gilmour's flying lessons, which occasionally conflicted with his studio duties.[32] The track also contains a recording of Mason's voice during takeoff.[33] The band experimented with audio samples, and Ezrin recorded the sound of Gilmour's boatman (Langley Iddens) rowing across the Thames.[20] Iddens' presence at the sessions was made vital when Astoria began to lift in response to the rapidly rising river, which was pushing the boat against the pier on which it was moored.[28]

"The Dogs of War" is a song about "physical and political mercenaries", according to Gilmour. Its creation came about through a mishap in the studio when a sampling machine began playing a sample of laughter, which Gilmour thought sounded like a dog's bark.[34] "Terminal Frost" was one of Gilmour's older demos, which he considered adding lyrics to but decided to leave as an instrumental.[35] Conversely, the lyrics for "Sorrow" were written before the music. The song's opening guitar solo was recorded in the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena. A 24-track mobile studio piped Gilmour's guitar tracks through a public address system, and the resulting mix was then recorded in surround sound.[36]

Legal disputes

The sessions were interrupted by the escalating row between Waters and Pink Floyd over who had the rights to the Pink Floyd name. O'Rourke, believing that his contract with Waters had been terminated illegally, sued Waters for £25,000 of back-commission.[20] In a late-1986 board meeting of Pink Floyd Music Ltd (Pink Floyd's clearing house for all financial transactions since 1973), Waters learnt that a bank account had been opened to deal exclusively with all monies related to "the new Pink Floyd project".[37] He immediately applied to the High Court to prevent the Pink Floyd name from being used again,[8] but his lawyers discovered that the partnership had never been formally confirmed. Waters returned to the High Court in an attempt to gain a veto over further use of the band's name. Gilmour's team responded by issuing a press release affirming that Pink Floyd would continue to exist; however, Gilmour told a Sunday Times reporter: "Roger is a dog in the manger and I'm going to fight him, no one else has claimed Pink Floyd was entirely them. Anybody who does is extremely arrogant."[30][38]

Waters twice visited Astoria, and with his wife had a meeting in August 1986 with Ezrin; Ezrin later suggested that he was being "checked out". As Waters was still a shareholder and director of Pink Floyd Music, he was able to block any decisions made by his former bandmates. Recording moved to Mayfair Studios in February 1987, and from February to March – under the terms of an agreement with Ezrin to record close to his home – to A&M Studios in Los Angeles: "It was fantastic because ... the lawyers couldn't call in the middle of recording unless they were calling in the middle of the night."[26][39] The bitterness of the row between Waters and Pink Floyd was covered in a November 1987 issue of Rolling Stone, which became the magazine's best-selling issue of that year.[30] The legal disputes were resolved out-of-court by the end of 1987.[40][41]

Packaging and title

A monochrome photograph of two middle-aged men, alongside which is a list of credits
The gatefold includes, for the first time since 1971's Meddle, an image of the band. Wright appears only by name in the credits.

Careful consideration was given to the album's title, with the initial three contenders being Signs of Life, Of Promises Broken and Delusions of Maturity. The final title appears as a line in the chorus of "One Slip".

For the first time since 1977's Animals, designer Storm Thorgerson was employed to work on a Pink Floyd studio album cover. His finished design was a long river of hospital beds arranged on a beach, inspired by a phrase from "Yet Another Movie" and Gilmour's vague hint of a design that included a bed in a Mediterranean house, as well as "vestiges of relationships that have evaporated, leaving only echoes".[42] The cover shows hundreds of hospital beds, placed on Saunton Sands in Devon (where some of the scenes for Pink Floyd – The Wall were filmed).[43][44] The beds were arranged by Thorgerson's colleague Colin Elgie.[45] A hang glider can be seen in the sky, a clear reference to "Learning to Fly". The photographer, Robert Dowling, won a gold award at the Association of Photographers Awards for the image, which took about two weeks to create.[46] To drive home the message that Waters had left the band, the inner gatefold featured a group photograph – of just Gilmour and Mason – shot by David Bailey. Its inclusion marked the first time since 1971's Meddle that a group photo had been used in the artwork of a Pink Floyd album. Richard Wright was represented only by name, on the credit list,[47][48] although he also appears in photographs included in later reissues.[49]

Release and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 2/5 stars[50]
The Daily Telegraph 1/5 stars[51]
MusicHound 2/5[52]
Robert Christgau C[53]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 2/5 stars[54]
I think it's very facile, but a quite clever forgery ... The songs are poor in general; the lyrics I can't quite believe. Gilmour's lyrics are very third-rate.

Roger Waters[55]

A Momentary Lapse of Reason was released in the UK and US on 7 September 1987.[nb 1] It went straight to number three in both countries, held from the top spot by Michael Jackson's Bad and Whitesnake's self-titled album.[47]

In comparison with The Final Cut, Gilmour presented A Momentary Lapse as a return to the Floyd of older days, citing his belief that towards the end of Waters' tenure, lyrics were more important than music. Gilmour said: "The Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here were so successful not just because of Roger's contributions, but also because there was a better balance between the music and the lyrics [than on later albums.]" He added that with A Momentary Lapse, he had tried to restore this earlier, more successful balance.[56] Waters was scathing in his assessment of the new work, a view with which Wright later partly agreed, saying: "Roger's criticisms are fair. It's not a band album at all."[47]

Writing in Q magazine, Phil Sutcliffe contended that it "does sound like a Pink Floyd album" and highlighted the two-part "A New Machine" as, variously, "a chillingly beautiful vocal exploration, a chorale of multitrack, echo and distortion broken into aching fragments by long moments of silence" and "[a] brilliant stroke of imagination". Sutcliffe concluded: "A Momentary Lapse is Gilmour's album to much the same degree that the previous four under Floyd's name were dominated by Waters … Clearly it wasn't only business sense and repressed ego but repressed talent which drove the guitarist to insist on continuing under the band brand-name."[57] Recognising the return to the more music-oriented approach of Pink Floyd's classic works, Sounds said the album was "back over the wall to where diamonds are crazy, moons have dark sides, and mothers have atom hearts".[58]

Conversely, Greg Quill of the Toronto Star wrote: "Something's missing here. This is, for all its lumbering weight, not a record that challenges and provokes as Pink Floyd should. A Momentary Lapse of Reason, sorry to say, is mundane, predictable."[59] Village Voice critic Robert Christgau opined: "In short, you'd hardly know the group's conceptmaster was gone – except that they put out noticeably fewer ideas."[53] Writing more recently, for AllMusic, William Ruhlmann refers to it as a "Gilmour solo album in all but name".[50]

A Momentary Lapse of Reason was certified Silver and Gold in the UK on 1 October 1987, and Gold and Platinum in the US on 9 November. It went 2× Platinum on 18 January the following year, 3× Platinum on 10 March 1992, and 4× Platinum on 16 August 2001,[60] easily outselling The Final Cut.[61] The album was reissued in 1988 as a limited-edition vinyl album, complete with posters, and a guaranteed ticket application for the band's upcoming UK concerts.[nb 2] The album was digitally remastered and re-released in 1994,[nb 3] and a tenth anniversary edition was issued in the US three years later.[nb 4] In 2011, A Momentary Lapse was again remastered for inclusion in the band's Discovery box set; this time Wright's name had been restored as being a member of the band and the band photo (of Gilmour and Mason) has been removed in favour of additional artwork by StormStudios.

Tour

The decision to tour in support of the album was made before it was even complete. Early rehearsals were chaotic; Mason and Wright were completely out of practice, and realising he had taken on too much work, Gilmour asked Bob Ezrin to take charge. Matters were complicated when Waters contacted several US promoters, and threatened to sue them if they used the Pink Floyd name. Gilmour and Mason funded the start-up costs (Mason, separated from his wife, used his Ferrari 250 GTO as collateral). Some promoters were offended by Waters' threat, and several months later 60,000 tickets went on sale in Toronto, selling out within hours.[42][44]

As the new line-up (with Wright) toured throughout North America, Waters' Radio K.A.O.S. tour was, on occasion, close by. The bassist had forbidden any members of Pink Floyd from attending his concerts,[nb 5] which were generally in smaller venues than those housing his former band's performances. Waters also issued a writ for copyright fees for the band's use of the flying pig, and Pink Floyd responded by attaching a huge set of male genitalia to the balloon's underside to distinguish it from Waters' design. By November 1987, Waters gave up, and on 23 December a legal settlement was finally reached at a meeting on Astoria.[24] Mason and Gilmour were allowed use of the Pink Floyd name in perpetuity, and Waters would be granted, among other things, rights to The Wall. However, Waters claimed that they would never have the level of success that they had during his tenure again.

Four images, arranged to form a rectangle, of a darkened concert venue. The stage is dominated by a circular pattern of lights which surround a projection screen. Members of the audience are silhouetted in the foreground.
A photo-montage of the stage on the Momentary Lapse Tour

The Momentary Lapse tour was phenomenally successful. In every venue booked in the US it beat box office records, making it the most successful US tour by any band that year. Tours of Australia, Japan, and Europe soon followed, before the band returned twice to the US. Almost every venue was sold out. A live album, Delicate Sound of Thunder, was released on 22 November 1988, followed in June 1989 by a concert video. A few days later, the live album was played in orbit, on board Soyuz TM-7. The tour eventually came to an end by closing the Silver Clef Award Winners Concert, at Knebworth Park on 30 June 1990, after 200 performances, a gross audience of 4.25 million fans, and box office receipts of more than £60 million (not including merchandising).[64]

Track listing

All lead vocals performed by David Gilmour except where noted.

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Signs of Life" (Instrumental, with spoken vocals by Nick Mason) David Gilmour, Bob Ezrin 4:24
2. "Learning to Fly" Gilmour, Anthony Moore, Ezrin, Jon Carin 4:53
3. "The Dogs of War" Gilmour, Moore 6:05
4. "One Slip" Gilmour, Phil Manzanera 5:10
5. "On the Turning Away" Gilmour, Moore 5:42
Total length: 26:14
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Length
6. "Yet Another Movie" Gilmour, Pat Leonard 6:28
7. "Round and Around" (instrumental) Gilmour 1:02
8. "A New Machine (Part 1)" Gilmour 1:46
9. "Terminal Frost" (instrumental) Gilmour 6:17
10. "A New Machine (Part 2)" Gilmour 0:38
11. "Sorrow" Gilmour 8:46
Total length: 24:55

Note

  • Since the 2011 remasters and the Discovery box set "Yet Another Movie" and "Round and Around" are indexed as individual tracks.

Personnel

Charts and certifications

In Popular Culture

  • A Momentary Lapse of Reason is the name of an achievement in the 2017 video game, Guardians of the Galaxy: The Telltale Series. The game's other achievements are also pop music related and include other Pink Floyd albums like The Dark Side of the Moon, Obscured by Clouds and Wish You Were Here. The A Momentary Lapse of Reason achievement is awarded for completing Chapter 4 of Episode 3.
  • The Death Grips song "Hacker", on the album The Money Store, references the album's title in the lyrics: "My existence is a momentary lapse of reason".

References

Notes

  1. ^ UK EMI EMD 1003 (vinyl album), EMI CDP 7480682 (CD album). US Columbia OC 40599 (vinyl album released 8 September 1987), Columbia CK 40599 (CD album)[48]
  2. ^ UK EMI EMDS 1003[62]
  3. ^ UK EMI CD EMD 1003[62]
  4. ^ US Columbia CK 68518[62]
  5. ^ Mason (2005) states that "rumour had it we would not be allowed in"[63]

Footnotes

  1. ^ https://www.discogs.com/Pink-Floyd-A-Momentary-Lapse-Of-Reason/release/1201772
  2. ^ Watkinson & Anderson 2001, p. 133
  3. ^ Mabbett 1995, p. 89
  4. ^ Blake 2008, pp. 302–309
  5. ^ Schaffner 1991, pp. 249–250
  6. ^ Schaffner 1991, pp. 256–257
  7. ^ a b In the Studio with Redbeard, A Momentary Lapse of Reason (Radio broadcast), Barbarosa Ltd. Productions, 2007 
  8. ^ a b c Blake 2008, pp. 311–313
  9. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 257
  10. ^ Schaffner 1991, pp. 258–260
  11. ^ Schaffner 1991, pp. 262–263
  12. ^ Jones, Peter (22 November 1986), It's the Final Cut: Pink Floyd to Split Officially, Billboard, p. 70, retrieved 22 September 2009 
  13. ^ Schaffner 1991, pp. 261–262
  14. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 245
  15. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 263
  16. ^ Povey 2007, p. 240
  17. ^ Blake 2008, p. 316
  18. ^ Blake 2008, pp. 315, 317
  19. ^ Schaffner 1991, pp. 267–268
  20. ^ a b c d Blake 2008, p. 318
  21. ^ a b c Schaffner 1991, pp. 268–269
  22. ^ Blake 2008, p. 320
  23. ^ Mason 2005, pp. 284–285
  24. ^ a b Povey 2007, p. 241
  25. ^ a b Schaffner 1991, p. 269
  26. ^ a b Povey 2007, p. 246
  27. ^ Mason 2005, pp. 284–286
  28. ^ a b Mason 2005, p. 287
  29. ^ Blake 2008, p. 319
  30. ^ a b c d Manning 2006, p. 134
  31. ^ Blake 2008, pp. 316–317
  32. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 267
  33. ^ MacDonald 1997, p. 229
  34. ^ MacDonald 1997, p. 204
  35. ^ MacDonald 1997, p. 272
  36. ^ MacDonald 1997, p. 268
  37. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 270
  38. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 271
  39. ^ Blake 2008, p. 321
  40. ^ Danton, Eric R. (19 September 2013). "Roger Waters Regrets Pink Floyd Legal Battle". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 August 2018. 
  41. ^ "Roger Waters: 'I was wrong to sue Pink Floyd'". BBC News. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2018. 
  42. ^ a b Blake 2008, p. 322
  43. ^ Mason 2005, p. 290
  44. ^ a b Povey 2007, p. 243
  45. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 273
  46. ^ Blake 2008, p. 323
  47. ^ a b c Blake 2008, pp. 326–327
  48. ^ a b Povey 2007, p. 349
  49. ^ Pink Floyd - A Momentary Lapse Of Reason Images.
  50. ^ a b Ruhlmann, William. "Pink Floyd A Momentary Lapse of Reason". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  51. ^ McCormick, Neil (20 May 2014). "Pink Floyd's 14 studio albums rated". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  52. ^ Graff & Durchholz 1999, p. 874
  53. ^ a b Christgau, Robert. "CG: Pink Floyd". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  54. ^ "Pink Floyd: Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  55. ^ Blake 2008, p. 328
  56. ^ Schaffner 1991, p. 274
  57. ^ Sutcliffe, Phil (October 1987), "Pink Floyd: A Momentary Lapse of Reason", Q ; available at Rock's Backpages (subscription required)
  58. ^ Manning 2006, p. 136
  59. ^ Quill, Greg (11 September 1987), Has Pink Floyd changed its color to puce? (Registration required), Toronto Star, hosted at infoweb.newsbank.com, retrieved 24 January 2010 
  60. ^ Povey 2007, pp. 349–350
  61. ^ Povey 2007, p. 230
  62. ^ a b c d e Povey 2007, p. 350
  63. ^ Mason 2005, p. 300
  64. ^ Povey 2007, pp. 243–244, 256–257
  65. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). St. Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 233. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  66. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  67. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 0886". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  68. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  69. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  70. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  71. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  72. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959-2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  73. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  74. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  75. ^ "Pink Floyd | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  76. ^ "Pink Floyd Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  77. ^ "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2017. 4. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved 3 February, 2017.
  78. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  79. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved 9 June 2016.  Enter Pink Floyd in the field Interpret. Enter A Momentary Lapse of Reason in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  80. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". Music Canada. Retrieved 9 June 2016. 
  81. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Pink Floyd; 'A Momentary Lapse of Reason')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 9 June 2016. 
  82. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved 7 April 2018. 
  83. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Pink Floyd; 'A Momentary Lapse of Reason')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016. 
  84. ^ "British album certifications – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 June 2016.  Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Enter A Momentary Lapse of Reason in the search field and then press Enter.
  85. ^ "American album certifications – Pink Floyd – A Momentary Lapse of Reason". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 9 June 2016.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

Bibliography

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  • Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999), MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide, Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press, ISBN 1-57859-061-2 
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  • MacDonald, Bruno (1997), Pink Floyd: Through the Eyes of the Band, Its Fans, Friends and Foes (paperback ed.), Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, ISBN 0-306-80780-7 
  • Manning, Toby (2006), The Rough Guide to Pink Floyd (1st ed.), London: Rough Guides, ISBN 1-84353-575-0 
  • Mason, Nick (2005), Philip Dodd, ed., Inside Out: A Personal History of Pink Floyd (paperback ed.), London: Phoenix, ISBN 0-7538-1906-6 
  • Povey, Glenn (2007), Echoes, Bovingdon: Mind Head Publishing, ISBN 0-9554624-0-1 
  • Schaffner, Nicholas (1991), Saucerful of Secrets (1st ed.), London: Sidgwick & Jackson, ISBN 0-283-06127-8 
  • Watkinson, Mike; Anderson, Pete (2001), Crazy Diamond: Syd Barrett & the Dawn of Pink Floyd (illustrated ed.), Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-8835-8 

External links

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