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Raduga Kh-15
(NATO reporting name: AS-16 'Kickback')
AS-16 Kickback 2008 G1.jpg
Raduga Kh-15
Type air-to-surface missile
antiship missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1980
Used by Russia
Production history
Designer Raduga
Designed 1974-1980
Manufacturer Dubna Machine-building Plant
Produced 1980
Weight 1,200 kg (2,650 lb)
Length 478 cm (15 ft 8 in)
Diameter 45.5 cm (17.9 in)
Warhead conventional or nuclear
Warhead weight 150 kg (331 lb)
Blast yield 300 kt

Engine solid-fuel RDTT-160
Wingspan 92 cm (36.2 in) maximum
300 km (160 nmi)
Flight ceiling 40,000 m (130,000 ft)
Speed Up to Mach 5[1]
inertial guidance, active radar homing, or anti-radiation missile
Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6, Tu-22M3, and Tu-160 [1]

The Raduga Kh-15 or RKV-15 (Russian: Х-15; NATO: AS-16 "Kickback"; GRAU:) is a Russian hypersonic aero-ballistic missile carried by the Tupolev Tu-22M and other bombers. Originally a standoff nuclear weapon similar to the U.S. Air Force's AGM-69 SRAM, versions with conventional warheads have been developed.


In 1967, MKB Raduga started developing the Kh-2000 as a replacement for the Kh-22 AS-4 'Kitchen' heavy anti-shipping missile.[1] Development of the Kh-15 started some time in the early 1970s.[2] The sophistication of the design made it suitable for other roles, and a nuclear-tipped version was developed in tandem with the conventionally armed variant.[1] An upgrade under development was cancelled in 1991, but reports in 1998 suggested an upgraded Kh-15 might be fitted to Su-35 (Flanker-E) tactical aircraft.[2]


The Kh-15 climbs to an altitude of about 40,000 m (130,000 ft) and then dives in on the target, accelerating to a speed of about Mach 5.[1]

Operational history

It entered service in 1980. It can be carried by the Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6 'Bear-H', Tu-22M3 'Backfire C', and Tu-160 'Blackjack'.[3]


  • Kh-15 (RKV-15) - the original version with nuclear warhead and inertial guidance
  • Kh-15P - passive seeker for anti-radar use
  • Kh-15S - active radar seeker for anti-shipping use[1]




Similar weapons

  • KSR-5 (AS-6 'Kingfish') - heavy anti-surface missile carried under the wings of Tu-22M
  • Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt') - ASM for tactical aircraft, up to 285 km range
  • Kh-37 (updated version of AS-20 'Kayak') - land attack version of subsonic Kh-35 Anti-Ship missile, 250 km range
  • AGM-69 SRAM - 1000 kg US missile with up to 170 km range

Photo Gallery


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Kh-15, RKV-15 (AS-16 'Kickback')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-01, retrieved 2009-02-03 [dead link]
  2. ^ a b "Kh-15 (AS-16 'Kickback'/RKV-15)", Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems, 2008-09-02, retrieved 2009-02-06 [dead link]
  3. ^ "АО "Корпорация Тактическое Ракетное Вооружение"".


  • Gordon, Yefim (2004). Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1.
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