ANPI

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National Association of the Italian Partisans
ANPI logo.jpeg
Abbreviation ANPI
Formation 5 April 1945
Type charitable foundation
Purpose preserving and promoting the history and values of the Resistance
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Membership
110,000[1]
President
Carla Nespolo (Carla Federica Nespolo (it))
Website www.anpi.it

The National Association of Italian Partisans: Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia (ANPI) is an association founded by participants of the Italian resistance against the Italian Fascist regime and the subsequent Nazi occupation during World War II. ANPI was founded in Rome in 1944,[2] while the war continued in northern Italy. The association was constituted as a charitable foundation on April 5, 1945.

History

The National Association of Italian Partisans was created by volunteers who took part in the war in the central regions of the Italian peninsula.

After the fall of the Italian Social Republic, the ANPI spread over the country as far as the southern tip of Italy. Many of the partisans that fought came from the center-north of Italy, but there were also members from Yugoslavia, Greece and France.

On April 5, 1945, the day that the ANPI was recognized as a charitable foundation, the association represented all the Italian partisans and was managed by a council where all the different brigades that fought in the war were present (Brigate Garibaldi (it), Ferruccio Parri’s Giustizia e libertà (it), Brigate Matteotti (it), Mazzini[clarification needed], independent groups and Catholic partisans groups), but after the first national congress, which took place in Rome in 1947, problems arose due to different visions of internal and foreign politics within the group.

The intense discussions eventually led to the following partisan groups leaving the association:

List of ANPI National Congresses

  1. Rome, 6–9 December 1947.
  2. Venice, 19–21 March 1949
  3. Rome, 27–29 June 1952
  4. Milan, 6–8 April 1956
  5. Turin, 19–21 June 1959
  6. Rome, 14–16 February 1964
  7. Bologna, 18–21 March 1971
  8. Florence, 4–7 November 1976
  9. Genoa, 26–29 March 1981
  10. Milan, 10–13 December 1986
  11. Bologna, 2–5 June 1991
  12. Naples, 28–30 June 1996
  13. Abano Terme (PD), 29–31 March 2001
  14. Chianciano Terme (SI), 24–26 February 2006
  15. Turin, 24–27 March 2011:[3][4][5][6][7]

Objectives

ANPI’s objectives are the maintenance of the historical role of the partisan war by means of research and the collection of personal histories. Its goals are a continued defense against Historical revisionism and the ideal and ethical support of the high values of freedom and democracy expressed in the 1948 Constitution, in which the ideals of the Italian resistance were collected.

Members

I am member of ANPI because the resistance is not only part of the past, but still present in current times.

— ANPI's artists membership enrollment campaign, 2010

Unlike other veterans' associations, veterans can become ANPI members if they are part of the categories enlisted in Article 23 of its regulations[9] ("partisans, patriots, soldiers that fought against German soldiers after the armistice", prisoners or deported – during the civil war – for political activities or racial discrimination, imprisoned military persons that did not support the Italian Social Republic), and also all citizens that, without any distinction of age, declare themselves as antifascists, in accordance to ANPI regulation.

With the introduction of a new regulation, approved during the 14th congress,[10] in 2006, ANPI allowed a generational change in the direction of members of the association. In 2010 its membership count was about 110,000 affiliated members:[11][12][13]

In addition to the 10% of members categorized as “historic partisans”, 10% of the organization consists of young people between 18 and 30 years, and the majority of members (60–65%) are people between 35 and 65 years old.

In three years, between 2006 and 2009, membership increased from 83,000 to 110,000,[11] with a great number of young antifascists elected to high ranking positions at the local and national level.

In June 2010, Dacia Maraini and Concita De Gregorio (it) created a membership enrollment campaign that recruited many artists and intellectuals as testimonials. Among them were Marco Bellocchio, Andrea Camilleri, Massimo Carlotto, Liliana Cavani, Roberto Citran, Cristina e Francesca Comencini, Vincenzo Consolo, Simone Cristicchi, Serena Dandini (it), Emma Dante, Giancarlo De Cataldo (it), Ellekappa (it), Sabrina Ferilli, Dario Fo, Matteo Garrone, Fabrizio Gifuni, Giorgia (it), Irene Grandi, Ugo Gregoretti, Monica Guerritore, Margherita Hack, Fiorella Mannoia, Simona Marchini, Neri Marcorè, Mario Monicelli, Giuliano Montaldo, Claudia Mori, Nicky Nicolai (it), Moni Ovadia, Marco Paolini, Michele Placido, Gigi Proietti, Franca Rame, Lidia Ravera, Toni Servillo, Paolo Sorrentino, Sergio Staino, Roberta Torre, Nadia Urbinati (it), Vauro, Lucio Villari (it), Gustavo Zagrebelsky[14]

Structure

Standard of the ANPI Committee of the Province of Genoa

The association is currently structured with local group, district group, council group, provincial and regional committees. The headquarters of the association is in Rome, Via degli Scipioni 271. Arrigo Boldrini (it) was the ANPI president from the first congress (1947) until 2006.

Until June 2009 Tino Casali was the honorary president, Raimondo Ricci was the national president and Armando Cossutta was the vicepresident.[15]

In April 2011 the national committee of the ANPI elected new leadership: Carlo Smuraglia, partisan fighter, lawyer, senator and labor-rights professor, was elected to be the new national president. The following vice-presidents were also elected: Armando Cossutta, Luciano Guerzoni, Giovanna Stanka Hrovatin, Lino "William" Michelini, Carla Nespolo, Marisa Ombra, Alessandro Pollio Salimbeni e Massimo Rendina.[16] National secretary: Carlo Smuraglia (Presidente), Luciano Guerzoni, Marisa Ferro, Marisa Ombra, Carla Argenton, Andrea Liparoto, Paolo Papotti.[17]

In May 2016 the national committee confirmed the presidency of Carlo Smuraglia, electing Luciano Guerzoni, Carla Nespolo, Marisa Ombra, Alessandro Pollio Salimbeni as vice-presidents.[18]

In 2017, following an announcement by Smuraglia, Carla Nespolo was elected to the office of national president, the first woman to be elected to the position and also the first president not to have participated in the original partisan struggle in WWII, while Smuraglia was conferred the title "president emeritus".

National Presidents of the A.N.P.I.

Patria Indipendente

ANPI publishes a magazine called “Patria Independente” (Independent Nation);[19] Since 2015 it is only published digitally.[20] The magazine focuses on historical-political issues, noting events related to the Italian resistance and promoting the respect of Constitutional themes.

ANPI National Festival

Since 2008, every two years, ANPI organizes its national festival. During the event are organized meetings, debates and musical concerts that focus on anti-fascism, peace and democracy.[21]

Editions

Year Title Date Location Notes
2008 ANPI resistance. Democracy and antifascism 20 to 22 June Gattatico (Reggio Emilia), Museo Cervi Official Website
2010 Italians, by Constitution 24th al 27 June[22] Ancona, Mole Vanvitelliana Official Website
2012 The Memory beast in the heart of the future 14 to 17 June Marzabotto (Province of Bologna), Official Website
2015 I dream of a country that is free and democratic[23] dal 30 maggio al 2 giugno Carpi (Modena)

See also

References

  1. ^ "* La carica dei partigiani junior Anpi, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica. 
  2. ^ "Chi Siamo". Website. ANPI.it. 
  3. ^ Documento politico-programmatico per il 15° congresso nazionale dell'ANPI
  4. ^ I dieci congressi nazionali dell'ANPI, supplemento al n. 9/10 del 1991 di Patria Indipendente; pubblicato in occasione dell'11º congresso.
  5. ^ Il programma del Congresso nazionale
  6. ^ Documento
  7. ^ in morte di Boldrini
  8. ^ "Intellettuali e artisti con l'ANPI". ANPI.it. 
  9. ^ "Statuto" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  10. ^ "Documento per il 14° Congresso Nazionale". ombremosse.it. 
  11. ^ a b Maria Cristina Carratù (22 April 2010). "La carica dei partigiani junior. ANPI, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica (in Italian). Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  12. ^ Gabriella Gallozzi (9 June 2010). ""Mi iscrivo all'Anpi perché..." La carica dei giovani partigiani". l'Unità (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  13. ^ Al 2007 i soci risultavano essere 100.917
  14. ^ Tesseramento. "tuti quei giovani che si iscrivono all'anpi". Corriere.it. 
  15. ^ organi dirigenti Archived 2010-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "L'Anpi coscienza critica dell'Italia". anpi.it. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia". anpi.it. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  18. ^ Organi dirigenti
  19. ^ "Patria indipendente" archivio 2002/2015
  20. ^ "Patria Indipendente" on line.
  21. ^ "Festa dell'anpi". anpi.it. 
  22. ^ "programma festa nazionale" (PDF). lombardia.anpi.it. 
  23. ^ "Festa ANPI | 30 MAGGIO – 02 GIUGNO | CARPI (MO)Festa ANPI | 30 MAGGIO – 02 GIUGNO | CARPI (MO)". festa.anpi.it. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 

External links

  • (in Italian) ANPI – Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia – ANPI official website
  • (in Italian) ANPI Rome, historical archive
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