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53T6 (ABM-3 Gazelle)
ABM Pushkino.jpg
Type Anti-ballistic missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service Since 1995
Used by Russia
Wars Cold War
Production history
Designer NPO Novator Design Bureau
Designed 1978[1]
Produced 1988[1]
No. built 68[1]
Variants A modernized variant is in service as of July 2018[2]
Weight 10,000  kg (22,000 lbs)
Length 12 m
Diameter 1.8 m[3][4][5]
Warhead nuclear 10 kt

Engine 2-stage solid fuel
80–100 km[3][6][7][8]
Flight ceiling 80–100 km
Speed Mach 17 (20,826 km/h; 12,941 mph)

The 53T6 (NATO reporting name: ABM-3 Gazelle, previously SH-08)[1] is a Russian anti-ballistic missile. Designed in 1978 and in service since 1995,[11] it is a component of the A-135 anti-ballistic missile system.

The missile is able to intercept incoming re-entry vehicles at a distance of 80 km. The 53T6 is a two-stage solid-propellant rocket armed with a 10 kt thermonuclear weapon. The missile is about 10 meters in length and 1.8 meters in diameter. Its launch weight is 10 tons.[1][12]

The 53T6 missile is kept in a silo-based launch container. Prior to launch its cover is blown off.

The missile achieves speeds of approximately Mach 17 (20,826 km/h; 12,941 mph; 5.7849 km/s).[12] Maximal load manoeuvre capability is 210 g longitudinal and 90 g transverse.[5]

Radar support

The Gazelle missile system is supported by the Don-2N Pill Box radar.

See also

Related US missiles



  1. ^ a b c d e Gazelle (SH-08/ABM-3) Archived 2010-08-09 at the Wayback Machine..
  2. ^ Sputnik. "Russian MoD: New Air Defense Missile Succesfully Test-Fired in Kazakhstan". sputniknews.com.
  3. ^ a b "PRS-1/53T6 antimissile missile complex and A-135/RTTS-181 Cupid / 5ZH60". Tonnel-ufo.ru. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
  4. ^ Sean, O'Connor, (12 December 2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems".
  5. ^ a b "Отечественная военная техника (после 1945г.) - Статьи - Система А-135 ракета 53Т6 - ABM-3 GAZELLE / SH-08". 8 September 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-09-08.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-29. Retrieved 2015-06-09.
  7. ^ Pike, John. "53T6 Gazelle". www.globalsecurity.org.
  8. ^ "Encyclopedia Astronautica Index: 1". www.astronautix.com.
  9. ^ Sean, O'Connor, (12 December 2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems".
  10. ^ 53t6 (25 September 2007). "Anti-ballistic missile 53T6 Gazelle Test mission Launch" – via YouTube.
  11. ^ A-135.
  12. ^ a b СИСТЕМА ПРО А-135.

External links

  • Video of test launching (This video is no longer available due to a copyright claim by XMD-TV)
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