AAAAA Tourist Attractions of China

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AAAAA Tourist Attraction(s)
Traditional Chinese 5A景區
Simplified Chinese 5A景区
Literal meaning AAAAA-level Scenic Area(s)

AAAAA tourist attractions[1] or scenic areas[1] are the most important and best-maintained tourist attractions in the People's Republic of China, given the highest level of the China National Tourism Administration's rating categories. Initially, 66 locations were approved out of 106 nominations.[1] Additional locations have been added to the list irregularly. As of late 2017, there are 249 official AAAAA tourist attractions in China.[2]

List

Province Prefecture Name Date of Inclusion Description Image
Beijing Dongcheng Forbidden City
("Palace Museum")[1]
2007 A .72 km² compound of 980 buildings,[3] initially constructed by the Yongle Emperor from 1406 to 1420,[4] used as the main palace of the Ming and early Qing dynasties, converted into a public museum in 1925.[5] Its southern Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tian'anmen) displays a famous portrait of Mao Zedong and has been the scene of numerous important events in modern Chinese history, including the 1 October 1949 celebration of the founding of the PRC and the Tian'anmen Square protests of 1989. Verbotene Stadt Eingang - panoramio.jpg
Beijing Dongcheng Temple of Heaven 2007 A 2.73 km² compound of 92 buildings,[6] initially constructed by the Yongle Emperor in 1420,[6][7] used for the traditional worship of Heaven during the Ming and Qing dynasties, converted into a public park in 1918.[7] 11 Temple of Heaven.jpg
Beijing Haidian Summer Palace 2007 A 2.97 km² compound surrounding Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake,[8] initially constructed by the Qianlong Emperor from 1750 to 1764[8] to represent other famous sites of China and Chinese mythology in miniature, used as the unofficial main palace for the rest of the Qing,[9] infamously[10] razed by European troops in 1860 during the Second Opium War, rebuilt by the empress dowager Cixi and a center of late Qing government, damaged and looted by foreigners again in 1900 during the Boxer Rebellion, converted into a public park in 1924,[8] and extensively restored since 1953. Yi He Yuan - A. Holdrinet.jpg
Beijing Yanqing Badaling Great Wall[1] 2007 A 3,741 m section of the Great Wall[11] initially constructed in 1505 to protect the Juyong Pass,[12] restored after 1952,[13] and opened to tourists in 1958.[11] It has received scores of foreign leaders, most notably US president Richard Nixon during his 1972 visit.[13] 2014.08.19.094528 Great Wall Badaling.jpg
Beijing Changping 13 Ming Tombs[14] 2011 A 34.35 km² necropolis[15] constructed between 1409 and 1644 in a hollow of Yanshan Mountain, used as the resting place for 13 of the 16 emperors of the Ming.[14] Ming Tomb Site.JPG
Beijing Xicheng Prince Gong Mansion
("Prince Kung's Mansion")[16]
2012 A 6 ha (15 acre) compound with an expansive garden,[16] initially constructed in 1777[17] by the Qianlong Emperor's notoriously corrupt[18] official Heshen, used as a residence for members of the imperial family including the diplomat Yixin during the rest of the Qing,[16] repurposed as the women's campus of Fu-Jen Catholic University under the Republic and as residences for leaders of the Ministry of Public Security under the People's Republic,[9] restored after 1982,[16] and opened as a museum in 1996.[19] It is one of the few surviving Qing palaces, out of the 74 still used by imperial princes at the fall of the empire.[9] Gongwangfu4.jpg
Beijing Chaoyang Olympic Green 2012 An 11.59 km²[20] Olympic Park constructed for the 2008 summer games, now featuring the Bird's Nest stadium, the National Indoor Stadium, the Water Cube aquatics center, the Olympic Forest Park, and national science & technology and the ethnic museums. Olympiastadion Peking Satellitenbild.jpg
Tianjin Nankai Guwenhua Jie
("Ancient Culture Street")[1]
2007 A 560 m[21] street lined with imitation Qing shops opened in 1986,[22] selling traditional wares and snacks[21][23] beside Mazu and Taoist temples (originally dating to 1326 and 1368, respectively)[22] and a folklore museum.[24] Zhangxiange Pavilion on Guwenhuajie Street 2.jpg
Tianjin Jizhou Mount Pan
("Panshan Scenic Area")[1]
2007 A 105 km² forest park surrounding 850 m Mount Pan,[24] whose temples were first built in AD 25 during the Han. The four surviving temples include a 13-story dagoba and have all been renovated since the 1990s.[24] 盘山顶峰 - Summit of Mount Panshan - 2015.10 - panoramio.jpg
Hebei Qinhuangdao Shanhai Pass
("Shanhaiguan Scenic Area")[1]
2007[a] A cluster of fortifications which once guarded the 10 km Shanhai Pass between Horn Mountain in the Yan chain and the Bohai Gulf,[25] protecting "China Proper" from Manchuria, initially constructed in 583[26][27] during the early Sui dynasty and taking most of its present form from Xu Da's work in 1381 during the early Ming, when it became the eastern end of the Great Wall.[25] Its strategic importance made it the site of numerous major events,[27] most famously the 1644 battle that directly led to the establishment of the Qing.[28] ShanhaiguanGreatWall-end.jpg
Hebei Baoding Baiyang Lake
("Lake Baiyandian")[1]
2007 The largest lake in northern China, although growing urban and agricultural water use after 1950 reduced its size from more than 1000 km² to almost nothing in the 1980s.[29][30] It is presently composed of 143 smaller lakes around 366 km² and is used for nature tourism,[31] but its size is now maintained by unsustainable use of highly polluted groundwater.[29][32] 河北白洋淀.jpg
Hebei Chengde Chengde Mountain Resort
("Imperial Summer Resort and the Surrounding Temples")[1]
2007 A 6.1 km²[33] compound initially constructed from 1703 to 1792 during the Qing,[33] with an imperial summer resort surrounded by areas of mountains, plains, and lakeshore mimicking China's overall topography,[34] serving as a culmination of traditional Chinese gardening and an influence on landscape gardening worldwide.[33] The palace was a particular favorite of the Kangxi and Qianlong emperors, and its intermixed ethnic architectural styles consciously affirmed their government's commitment to a multicultural state, and it.[33] Chengdemountainresortpic2.jpg
Hebei Baoding Yesanpo National Park 2011 A 334.8 km²[35] park at the intersection of the Taihang and Yan chains,[35] comprising three main scenic areas—the Baili Gorge, the Longmentian Pass, and Fodongta Peak with Yugu Cave.[35] Yesanpo.jpg
Hebei Shijiazhuang Xibaipo 2011 A village including a museum and other memorials reconstructing its role as the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party and People's Liberation Army in late 1948 and early 1949, an important period of the Chinese Civil War.[36] (The original sites are underwater as a result of local hydroelectric projects.)[37] Xibaipuo1.jpg
Hebei Tangshan Eastern Qing Tombs 2015 A 78 km²[38] necropolis of 508 buildings constructed between 1661 and 1908[39] in a hollow of Changrui Mountain,[40] used as the resting place of 5 emperors of the Qing,[40] as well as the dowager empress Cixi.[41] Xiaoling Tomb 20160906 (1).jpg
Hebei Handan Nüwa Imperial Palace
("Wahuang Palace")[42]
2015 A 1.7 km²[42] compound beside Phoenix Mountain (Fenghuangshan)[43] honoring the goddess Nüwa,[42] who temples were first built under the Han.[42] The surviving palaces and temples were initially constructed under the Wanli Emperor of the Ming,[43] were restored in the 1990s, and include one of China's most impressive rock carvings: 130,000 characters of Buddhist scripture engraved into the mountains from the Northern Qi onward.[42][44] Wahuang Palace 2.png
Hebei Handan Guangfu Ancient City 2017 A 1.5 km²[45] town in the center of Yongnian Marsh,[45] first settled during the Spring and Autumn Period[46] and serving as the capital of Dou Jiande's and Liu Heita's short-lived principalities of "Xia"[45] and "Handong"[47] during the late Sui, with city walls initially constructed under the Tang and modern construction mimicking the town's appearance under the Ming.[48] It has museums to locals Yang Luchan and Wu Yuxiang, the founders of the two largest schools of tai chi.[45][49] 行摄梓地 hiroko.cn MRG 6188.JPG
Hebei Baoding Baishi Mountain
("Whitestone Mountain Scenic Area")[50]
2017 A forest park surrounding 2096 m Baishi Mountain, the northern end of the Taihang Mountains[50] and site of the 1937 Battle of the Great Wall during the 2nd Sino-Japanese War. 白石山长城.JPG
Shanxi Datong Yungang Grottoes 2007 An 8.5 km²[51] area of 252 caves in the Wuzhou Mountains with 51,000 niches filled with Buddhist statues and 18,000  of carved wall space,[52] initially constructed under the Northern Wei in the 5th & 6th century,[53] expanded by the Liao in the 11th,[54] and restored since 1952.[55] There is also a ruined Ming fortress and beacon tower over the caves.[56] China - Yungang Grottoes 6 (135940397).jpg
Shanxi Xinzhou Mount Wutai 2007 A 423.12 km²[57] area surrounding the five peaks of Mount Wutai (3,061 m), considered holy since at least the Han (1st century AD), the site of imperial pilgrimage since the Northern Wei (5th century),[57] and the seat of the Buddhist bodhisattva Manjushri (Wenshu) since the 7th century,[58] and now hosting 53 monasteries in architecture spanning over a thousand years, including a timber hall from the Tang.[57] Wutai Shan.jpg
Shanxi Jincheng House of the Huangcheng Chancellor 2011 A 10 ha[59] (25 acre) walled estate with 9 gates, 19 gardens, and 640 rooms, initially constructed in 1633 for Chen Changyan and expanded in 1703 for Chen Tingjing, tutor to the Kangxi Emperor and chief editor of the Kangxi Dictionary.[60] Huangcheng Xiangfu 2.JPG
Shanxi Jinzhong Mount Mian[61] 2013 Mianshan.jpg
Shanxi Jinzhong Qiao Family Compound
("Qiao's Grand Courtyard")[62]
2014 A 1.1 ha[62] (2.6 acre) courtyard house comprising 6 large courtyards and 313 rooms built in the shape of a ,[62] the character for "double happiness", initially constructed in 1755 for the tofu and tea merchant Qiao Guifa,[63] rebuilt twice,[64] including for the financier Qiao Zhiyong,[62] converted into the Qixian Folk Museum in 1986, and the setting for Zhang Yimou's 1991 Raise the Red Lantern and over 40 other movies.[62] Qiao Family Compound, Jinyiyuan.JPG
Shanxi Jinzhong Pingyao
("Pingyao Ancient City")[65]
2015 A 2.25 km²[66] walled town of about 4000 buildings[67] in central Shanxi, first protected by earthen ramparts c. 800 BC,[66] thoroughly reconstructed and fortified c. 1370 under the early Ming,[66] serving as the financial center of the region from the 16th century and of the entire Qing Empire during the late 19th century.[66] The town exemplifies Ming & Qing urban planning, with over a hundred streets and lanes lined with 17th–19th century shops criss-crossing the town.[66] Organized restorations have been undertaken periodically since the 15th century, the most recent phase beginning in 1979.[66] The World Heritage Site also includes the nearby Shuanglin and Zhenguo Temples.[67] Pingyao marketstreet.jpg
Shanxi Xinzhou Yanmen Pass Scenic Area[68] 2017 Yanmenguan1.JPG
Inner Mongolia Ordos Xiangshawan 2011 Desert resort Nomad Theater Xiangshawan.jpg
Inner Mongolia Ordos Mausoleum of Genghis Khan 2011 Genghis khan mausoleum.jpg
Inner Mongolia Hinggan League Arxan–Chaihe Scenic Area[69] 2017 An amalgam of the Arxan National Forest Park and Geopark, the Zhalantun Scenic Area, and Rose Peak.[69] 阿尔山杜鹃胡 - panoramio.jpg
Liaoning Shenyang Shenyang Botanical Garden Shenyang 世博园 - panoramio.jpg
Liaoning Dalian Tiger Beach Ocean Park, Tiger Beach Polar Museum 老虎滩海洋公园正门.jpg
Liaoning Dalian Golden Pebble Beach Jinshitan Scenic Area or Golden Pebble Beach National Resort
Liaoning Benxi Benxi Shuidong National Park Benxi Water Caves 本溪水洞洞口.jpg
Liaoning Anshan Qianshan National Park Qianshan National Park 1, China.jpg
Jilin
Jilin
Jilin
Jilin
Jilin
Jilin
Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Shanghai Shanghai Oriental Pearl Tower Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai.jpg
Shanghai Shanghai Shanghai Wild Animal Park
Shanghai Shanghai Shanghai Science and Technology Museum
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Anhui Huangshan City Huangshan Huangshan pic 4.jpg
Anhui Chizhou Mount Jiuhua Jiuhuashan higher Daxiong Baodian.jpg
Anhui Anqing Mount Tianzhu Tianzhu Peak (20170116142019).jpg
Anhui
Anhui
Anhui
Anhui
Anhui
Anhui
Anhui
Anhui
Fujian Xiamen Gulangyu Gulangyu.jpg
Fujian
Fujian
Fujian
Fujian
Fujian
Fujian
Fujian
Fujian
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Jiangxi
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Shandong
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Henan
Hubei Wuhan Yellow Crane Tower GELBERKRANICH-WUHAN.jpg
Hubei Wuhan East Lake Ostsee Wuhan 3.jpg
Hubei Yichang Three Gorges Dam ThreeGorgesDam-China2009.jpg
Hubei
Hubei
Hubei
Hubei
Hubei
Hubei
Hubei
Hubei
Hunan Changsha Yuelu Mountain Yulu-Moutains2.jpg
Hunan Hengyang Mount Heng HengshanMountains.JPG
Hunan
Hunan
Hunan
Hunan
Hunan
Hunan
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangxi Guilin Li River 漓江山水.jpg
Guangxi Guilin Merryland vacation world
Guangxi
Guangxi
Guangxi
Hainan Sanya Sanya Nanshan
Hainan Sanya Cave
Hainan
Hainan
Hainan
Hainan Wuzhizhou Island Wuzhizhoudao.JPG
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Sichuan
Guizhou
Guizhou
Guizhou
Guizhou
Guizhou
Yunnan
Yunnan
Yunnan
Yunnan
Yunnan
Yunnan
Yunnan
Yunnan
Tibet
Tibet
Tibet
Tibet
Shaanxi Xi'an Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Terracotta Army Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum Tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.jpgTerracotta Army, View of Pit 1.jpg
Shaanxi Xi'an Huaqing Pool 华清宫.jpg
Shaanxi Yan'an Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor B-Tomb of Emperor Huangdi in Shaanxi.jpg
Shaanxi Xi'an Giant Wild Goose Pagoda Giant Wild Goose Pagoda.jpg
Shaanxi Weinan Huashan Hua Shan.jpg
Shaanxi Baoji Famen Temple Famensi.jpg
Shaanxi Shangluo Golden Gorge Scenic Area
Shaanxi Baoji Mount Taibai TaibaiShanNFP.JPG
Gansu
Gansu
Gansu
Gansu
Qinghai
Qinghai
Qinghai
Ningxia
Ningxia
Ningxia
Ningxia
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang
Xinjiang

Jilin (5)

Heilongjiang (5)

Jiangsu (20)

Zhejiang (14)

Anhui (9)

Fujian (9)

Jiangxi (8)

Shandong (9)

Notes

  1. ^ Omitted from the most recent listing.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Scenic Spot", Official site, Beijing: China National Tourism Administration, 8 May 2007 .
  2. ^ a b "5A级景区", Official site, Beijing: China National Tourism Administration, 7 Nov 2017 . (in Chinese)
  3. ^ "故宫到底有多少间房:最多时两万 现时八千七百多", 《文史》, Singtaonet, 27 September 2006 . (in Chinese)
  4. ^ "Timeline of the Ming & Qing Palace Events: Yongle Reign", Digital Palace Museum, Beijing: Palace Museum, 23 Mar 2015 .
  5. ^ "World Heritage List № 439: The Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties", Paris: International Council on Monuments and Sites, 29 Dec 1986 .
  6. ^ a b "Temple of Heaven: An Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 7 Nov 2017 .
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  12. ^ "Badaling Great Wall", Beijing Attractions, Beijing: China Tour, retrieved 7 Nov 2017 .
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  28. ^ Moore, Patrick (26 Apr 2017), "Great Wall of China Guide: Shanhaiguan & Laolongtou", Time Out Beijing, London: Time Out .
  29. ^ a b Liu Qin (27 Apr 2017), "Water Scarcity Might Be Xiong'an's Undoing", Official site, London: China Dialogue .
  30. ^ Chen, Stephen (23 Apr 2017), "The Polluted Lake at Heart of Xi Jinping's New City Dream", South China Morning Post, Hong Kong .
  31. ^ "Baiyang Lake", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, retrieved 9 Nov 2017 .
  32. ^ Minter, Adam (11 May 2017), "China's Hidden Pollution", Bloomberg View, New York: Bloomberg .
  33. ^ a b c d "Mountain Resort and Its Outlying Temples, Chengde", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 7 Nov 2017 .
  34. ^ "Chengde Mountain Resort", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, retrieved 9 Nov 2017 .
  35. ^ a b c "Introduction to Yesanpo Geoarea, Fangshan Global Geopark of China", Official site, Baoding: Yesanpo National Park, 2010 .
  36. ^ "Xibaipo", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, retrieved 9 Nov 2017 .
  37. ^ Pomeranz, Kenneth (22 July 2010), "Musings on a Museum: A Trip to Xibaipo", The China Beat .
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  39. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1004: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (PDF), Beijing: SACHPRC, 2000, p. 56 .
  40. ^ a b WHC Nomination Documentation 1004: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (PDF), Beijing: SACHPRC, 2000, p. 57 .
  41. ^ "Eastern Qing Tombs", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, retrieved 9 Nov 2017 .
  42. ^ a b c d e "Introduction of Wahuang Palace", Handan: Wahuang Imperial Palace, retrieved 23 Feb 2014 . (in Chinese) & (in English)
  43. ^ a b 《全国重点文物保护单位》, Vol. I, Beijing: Wenwu Chubanshe, 2004, p. 214 . (in Chinese)
  44. ^ Official site, Handan: Nüwa Imperial Palace, 2013 . (in Chinese)
  45. ^ a b c d Liu Xiang (14 Aug 2012), "Guangfu: 2,600 Years Old, Birthplace of Tai Chi" (PDF), China Daily, Beijing: China Daily Information Co .
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  47. ^ Fitzgerald, Charles Patrick (1933), Son of Heaven: A Biography of Li Shih-Min, Founder of the T'ang Dynasty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 97–105 .
  48. ^ Xie Xiaoguang (8 Dec 2010), "Guangfu: An Ancient Town with New Life", English Service, Beijing: China Radio International .
  49. ^ Sapozhnikov, Rem (May 2014), "Guangfu Ancient Town", Tiwy .
  50. ^ a b "Whitestone Mountain Scenice Area", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, retrieved 9 Nov 2017 .
  51. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 1 .
  52. ^ "Yungang Grottoes", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 14 Nov 2017 .
  53. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 18 .
  54. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 22 .
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  62. ^ a b c d e "General Situation", Official site, Qiaojiapu: Qiao's Grand Courtyard, 2013 .
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