96th Street (Manhattan)

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96th Street
96ST1AVE.JPG
Crossing First Avenue, looking west
Owner City of New York
Maintained by NYCDOT
Length 1.3 mi[1] (2.1 km)
Width 100 feet (30.48 m)
Location Manhattan
Postal code 10025 (west), 10128 (east)
Coordinates 40°47′39″N 73°58′13″W / 40.794051°N 73.970368°W / 40.794051; -73.970368Coordinates: 40°47′39″N 73°58′13″W / 40.794051°N 73.970368°W / 40.794051; -73.970368
West end NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway in Riverside Park
East end FDR Drive in East Harlem
North 97th Street
South 95th Street
Construction
Commissioned 1811

96th Street is a major two-way street in the Upper East Side and Upper West Side sections of the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from the East River at the FDR Drive to the Henry Hudson Parkway at the Hudson River. It is one of the 15 hundred-foot-wide (30 m) crosstown streets mapped out in the Commissioner's Plan of 1811 that established the numbered street grid in Manhattan.[2]

East and West 96th Street are separated by Central Park, whose West 96th Street pedestrian gate is called "Gate of all Saints" and whose East 96th Street gate is called "Woodmans Gate". A sunken roadway through the park, often called the 97th Street Transverse road or Transverse Road #4, connects the East and West Sides via 96th and 97th Streets.

On Manhattan's West Side, 96th Street is the northern boundary of the New York City steam system, the largest such system in the world, which pumps 30 billion pounds of steam into 100,000 buildings south of the street.[3] (The northern boundary on the East Side is 89th Street.[4])

East 96th Street

From the FDR Drive to First Avenue, 96th Street is the northern border of Zone A, a flood evacuation zone.[5] When Hurricane Sandy hit New York City in 2012, residents on neighboring blocks found out they, too, were in a flood zone, and the city revised its zone borders outward. Residents of the public housing projects as well as high rise apartments in the zone were left without power, although it was restored to most of the area after a day or two.

96th Street rises after Second Avenue, and climbs from Third Avenue to Lexington Avenue – called "Carnegie Hill" – before leveling off at Central Park. The street is the traditional dividing line between Yorkville and the Upper East Side to the south and Spanish Harlem or East Harlem to the north.[6][7]

East 96th Street, particularly near Second and Third Avenues, underwent significant gentrification in the late 1980s. By 2005, a wave of speculation for Harlem real estate pushed a corridor of luxury condos and coops up First Avenue from 96th Street as well. The construction of the Second Avenue Subway, which built a station on the street, has disrupted lives and businesses along 96th Street,[8] but its opening in 2017 is expected to further increase residential and commercial development in East Harlem, as well as increasing housing value in Yorkville.[9]

The Islamic Cultural Center of New York opened at Third Avenue and East 96th Street in 1991. Like all mosques, it is oriented toward Mecca, which required a slight shift in orientation from the neighboring buildings.

West 96th Street

96th Street runs under Riverside Drive near its western end

On the West Side, 96th Street runs through a natural valley passing under Riverside Drive and leading down to the former Stryker's Bay. It is regarded as the southern border of the nearby Manhattan Valley area.[10][11]

Broadway at West 96th Street was home to two ornate theaters – the Riverside and the Riviera / Japanese Gardens – each designed in the early 20th century, and both gone by 1976.[12]

In the mid 1980s, parts of West 96th Street began to convert from rental units to cooperative housing. At the time, crime remained a problem. As late as the early 1990s, drug dealing was rampant on 96th Street between Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue, and Larry Hogue, a homeless crack addict known as the "Wild Man of 96th Street" terrorized the street for several years until being forced into treatment and extended state custody.[13] In 2009, Hogue escaped from custody and returned briefly to West 96th Street before being found and returned to treatment.[14] The decision by the city to continue locating homeless and frequently drug addicted residents in large former Single Room Occupancy hotels (SROs) within a several block radius of West 96th Street and Broadway continues to be controversial.[15] Homelessness continues to be visible in the area.

The rapid development of Columbus Avenue from 96th to 100th Street around 2009 resulted in a burgeoning concentration of large, national chain stores.

Gallery

Transportation

The north entrance to 96th Street station at Broadway

New York City Subway service is available at these stations:

The M96 bus line serves a majority of the street, and the M106 serves the western portion of the street and connects it with East 106th Street.

In popular culture

In the 1989 film When Harry Met Sally..., Harry and Sally are seen buying their Christmas tree from The Plant Shed, a long-established neighborhood store on West 96th Street, near Broadway. A year later, no longer a couple, Sally is seen buying her tree there and trudging home alone with the tree dragging behind her.

In the How I Met Your Mother episode "Last Time in New York", Ted references some misspelled graffiti on the intersection of 96th Street and Amsterdam Avenue. The graffiti read, "YOUR A P***S", which Ted then corrects to "YOU'RE A P***S".

In the 2008 musical "In the Heights"' opening song In the Heights, Usnavi references 96th street when he breaks the fourth wall, while describing how to get to Washington Heights, Manhattan.

In the 1973 movie "The Seven-Ups" a famous car chase scene with actor Roy Scheider includes a sequence filmed on West 96th Street from Central Park West to West End Avenue.

References

Notes

  1. ^ Google (January 8, 2017). "96th Street" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Remarks of the Commissioners for Laying out Streets and Roads in the City of New York, under the Act of April 3, 1807" Archived June 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., accessed May 2, 2007. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five—the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."
  3. ^ "Steam" Archived August 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Gotham Gazette (November 10, 2003)
  4. ^ "Steam Energy" (PDF). Con Edison. Retrieved July 5, 2017. 
  5. ^ McKenzie, Trista. "NYC Evacuation Zones: Bloomberg Orders 'Zone A' Residents to Evacuate" All Media NY (October 28, 2012)
  6. ^ Hinds, Michael DeCourcy. "Battling to Control E. 96th Growth", The New York Times (May 13, 1984). Accessed December 5, 2007. "'East 96th Street is not just a dead piece of real estate – it is a socially important corridor,' said August Heckscher. 'With El Barrio to the north and Yorkville to the south, it could be the meeting place of two cultures, a river into which both flow.'"
  7. ^ Lee, Denny. "Neighborhood Report: East Harlem: A 'Museo' Moves Away From Its Barrio Identity", The New York Times (July 21, 2002). Accessed December 5, 2007. "The neighborhood north of East 96th Street is sometimes called East Harlem or Spanish Harlem, but local Puerto Ricans affectionately call it El Barrio."
  8. ^ Schlossberg, Tatiana (2 October 2014). "Promise of New Subways Has West Siders Excited and East Siders Skeptical". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Hughes, C.J. (2016-04-08). "Yorkville Bets on the Second Avenue Subway". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-04-13. 
  10. ^ Cohen, Joyce. "If You're Thinking of Living On/Central Park West; At Every Front Door, a Great Playground", The New York Times (September 3, 2000). Accessed December 5, 2007. "North of 96th Street, where the area is known as Manhattan Valley, the avenue turns more modest, with a mix of co-ops, condominiums and rentals."
  11. ^ Nieves, Evelyn. "Manhattan Valley's Long Awaited Boom Ends Up Just a Fizzle", The New York Times (December 25, 1990). Accessed December 5, 2007. "For the last 10 years, Manhattan Valley, a quick dip between the Upper West Side and Harlem."
  12. ^ "Japanese Garden Theatre" on the New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists website
  13. ^ Duger, Celia W. "Larry Hogue Is Arrested In Westchester" New York Times (July 15, 1994)
  14. ^ Caitlin Millat, Caitlin; Gendar, Alison and Standora, Leo. "The Wild Man of 96th St. Larry Hogue is back: Drug-addicted wacko flees Creedmoor Psychiatric Center" New York Daily News (May 30, 2009)
  15. ^ Panero, James. "Upper West Side Madness" City Journal (August 8, 2012)
  16. ^ a b c d "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links

  • Media related to 96th Street (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons
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