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Millennium: 1st millennium
969 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 969
Ab urbe condita 1722
Armenian calendar 418
Assyrian calendar 5719
Balinese saka calendar 890–891
Bengali calendar 376
Berber calendar 1919
Buddhist calendar 1513
Burmese calendar 331
Byzantine calendar 6477–6478
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth Dragon)
3665 or 3605
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3666 or 3606
Coptic calendar 685–686
Discordian calendar 2135
Ethiopian calendar 961–962
Hebrew calendar 4729–4730
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1025–1026
 - Shaka Samvat 890–891
 - Kali Yuga 4069–4070
Holocene calendar 10969
Iranian calendar 347–348
Islamic calendar 358–359
Japanese calendar Anna 2
Javanese calendar 870–871
Julian calendar 969
Korean calendar 3302
Minguo calendar 943 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −499
Seleucid era 1280/1281 AG
Thai solar calendar 1511–1512
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1095 or 714 or −58
    — to —
(female Earth-Snake)
1096 or 715 or −57

Year 969 (CMLXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place

Byzantine Empire


  • Peter I, emperor (tsar) of the Bulgarian Empire, suffers a stroke and abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Boris II. He arrives (after being an honorary hostage at Constantinople) in Preslav and is proclaimed as the new ruler. Boris regains lost territory from the Kievan Rus' and recaptures Pereyaslavets, an important trade city at the mouth of the Danube.[2]
  • Summer – Grand Prince Sviatoslav I invades Bulgaria at the head of an Kievan army, which includes Pecheneg and Hungarian auxiliary forces. He defeats the Bulgarians in a major battle and retakes Pereyaslavets. Boris II capitulates and impales 300 Bulgarian boyars for disloyalty. Sviatoslav assigns garrisons to the conquered fortresses in Northern Bulgaria.[3]
  • Pandulf I (Ironhead), duke of Benevento and Capua, leads the siege of Bovino. He is captured by the Byzantines and taken in chains to Bari, and jailed in Constantinople. Neapolitan forces under Marinus II, duke of Naples, invade Benevento-Capua, capture the city of Avellino and then lay siege to Capua.[4]
  • Emperor Otto I (the Great) assembles a large expeditionary force at Pavia, joined by Spoletan troops. He counter-attacks, relieves the siege of Capua and devastates the area around Naples. Otto enters Benevento, where he is received as 'liberator' by Landulf IV and in the cities of Apulia (Southern Italy).



By topic





  1. ^ Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 594. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
  2. ^ John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 184. ISBN 978-0472-08149-3.
  3. ^ Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 584. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
  4. ^ Gay, Jules (1904). L'Italie méridionale et l'empire Byzantin: Livre II. New York: Burt Franklin.
  5. ^ The Fatimid Revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa, Michael Brett, The Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 2 ed. J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, (Cambridge University Press, 2002). p. 622.
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