8.8 cm SK L/30 naval gun

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8.8 cm SK L/30
SMS S 19.jpg
8.8 cm SK L/30 mounted on the bow of S-19
Type Naval gun
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
In service 1892–1945
Used by  German Empire
 Nazi Germany
Wars World War I
World War II
Production history
Designed 1890—1892
Specifications
Weight 644 kilograms (1,420 lb)
Length about 2.64 meters (8 ft 8 in)

Shell fixed
Shell weight 7 kilograms (15 lb)[1]
Caliber 88 millimeters (3.5 in)
Breech horizontal sliding-wedge
Elevation Depends on mount:
MPL C/89: -10° to +20°
Ubts.L: -10° to +30°[2]
Rate of fire 15 RPM
Muzzle velocity 590 m/s (1,900 ft/s)
Maximum firing range Depends on mount:
MPL C/89: 7,300 metres (8,000 yd) at +20°
Ubts.L: 10,500 metres (11,500 yd) at +30°[3]

The 8.8 cm SK L/30 (SK - Schnelladekanone (quick loading cannon) L - Länge (with a 30-caliber barrel) was a German naval gun that was used in World War I on a variety of mounts.

Description

The 8.8 cm SK L/30 gun weighed 644 kilograms (1,420 lb) and had an overall length of about 2.64 meters (8 ft 8 in). It used the Krupp horizontal sliding block, or "wedge", as it is sometimes referred to, breech design. In addition to mounts for surface ships there was also a submarine version which was on either a retractable or fixed pivot mount. The Krupp mount retracted vertically through a hatch, while the Erhardt version folded down onto the ship's deck.[4]

Naval Service

The 8.8 cm SK L/30 was a widely used naval gun on World War I Pre-dreadnoughts, Cruisers, Coastal defence ships, Avisos, Submarines and Torpedo boats in both casemates and turrets. Its primary use on Pre-dreadnoughts, Cruisers and Coastal defence ships was as an anti-torpedo boat gun, while on Avisos, Submarines and Torpedo boats it was their secondary armament.

Ship classes that carried the 8.8 cm SK L/30 include:


See also

Notes

  1. ^ Friedman, N. (2011). Naval weapons of World War One. p p. 276
  2. ^ Friedman, N. (2011). Naval weapons of World War One. p p. 276
  3. ^ Friedman, N. (2011). Naval weapons of World War One. p p. 276
  4. ^ Friedman, N. (2011). Naval weapons of World War One. p p. 276

References

  • Friedman, N. (2011). Naval weapons of World War One. Yorkshire: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7. 
  • Reichs-Marine-Amt, ed. (1909). Bedienungsvorschrift für die 8,8 cm Schnellade-Kanone L/30 in 8,8 cm Mittel-Pivot-Lafette c/89 - Marine-Küsten-Artillerie. Berlin: E. S. Mittler. OCLC 66574420. 
  • Campbell, John (2002). Naval Weapons of World War Two. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4. 
  • Gander, Terry; Chamberlain, Peter (1979). Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939–1945. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-15090-3. 
  • Hogg, Ian V. (1997). German Artillery of World War Two (2nd corrected ed.). Mechanicsville, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 1-85367-480-X. 
  • Rolf, Rudi (1998). Der Atlantikwall: Bauten der deutschen Küstenbefestigungen 1940-1945. Osnabrück: Biblio. ISBN 3-7648-2469-7. 
  • Rolf, Rudi (2004). A Dictionary on Modern Fortification: An Illustrated Lexicon on European Fortification in the Period 1800-1945. Middleburg, Netherlands: PRAK. 

External links

  • SK L/30 at Navweaps.com
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