7th New Zealand Parliament

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7th Parliament of New Zealand
6th Parliament 8th Parliament
Overview
Term 24 September 1879 – 24 September 1881
Election New Zealand general election, 1879
Government Hall ministry
House of Representatives
Members 88
Speaker of the House Maurice O'Rorke
Premier John Hall
Legislative Council
Members 48 (at start)
43 (at end)
Speaker of the Council William Fitzherbert
Sovereign
Monarch HM Victoria
Governor HE Rt. Hon. Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon from 29 November 1880
––HE Rt. Hon. Sir Hercules Robinson until 9 September 1880

The 7th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

Elections for this term were held in 69 European electorates between 28 August and 15 September 1879. Elections in the four Māori electorates were held on 1 and 8 September of that year. A total of 88 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in November 1881. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.

Sessions

The 7th Parliament opened on 24 September 1879, following the 1879 general election. It sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 8 November 1881.[1]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 24 September 1879 19 December 1879
second 28 May 1880 1 September 1880
third 9 June 1881 24 September 1881

Historical context

Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.[2]

Ministries

The Grey Ministry had been in power since 13 October 1877 during the term of the 6th Parliament. It lasted until 8 October 1879, when the Hall Ministry under Premier John Hall formed a new caucus. This ministry lasted until 21 April 1882, well into the term of the 8th Parliament.[3][4]

Initial composition of the 7th Parliament

88 seats were created across the electorates.[5]


Member Electorate Affiliation[6] MP's term Election date
William Montgomery Akaroa Greyite Third 1 September[7]
William Sefton Moorhouse Ashley Conservative Sixth 11 September[7]
William Speight Auckland East Greyite First 10 September[8]
William John Hurst Auckland West Greyite First 6 September[9]
James Wallis Auckland West Greyite Second 6 September[10]
William Rolleston Avon Conservative Fourth 28 August[11]
William Murray Bruce Conservative Third 9 September[12]
James Bickerton Fisher Buller Greyite First 9 September[13]
William Barron Caversham Greyite First 9 September[14]
Alfred Saunders Cheviot Conservative Third 6 September[15]
Samuel Paull Andrews Christchurch Greyite First 10 September[16]
George Greya Christchurch Greyite Third 10 September[17]
Edward Cephas John Stevens Christchurch Conservative Third 10 September[8]
John Davies Ormond Clive Conservative Fifth 10 September[18]
James William Thomson Clutha Greyite Third 11 September[19]
Edward George Wright Coleridge Conservative First 15 September[20]
William Gibbs Collingwood Conservative Third 11 September[21]
Thomas Dick City of Dunedin Conservative Third 2 September[22]
Richard Oliver City of Dunedin Conservative Second 2 September[18]
William Downie Stewart City of Dunedin Conservative Second 2 September[23]
Vincent Pyke Dunstan Greyite Third 3 September[24]
Allan McDonald East Coast Greyite First 5 September[25]
Joseph Tole Eden Greyite Second 5 September[26]
Harry Atkinson Egmont Conservative Fifth 5 September[16]
Benjamin Harris Franklin Greyite First 11 September[27]
Ebenezer Hamlin Franklin Conservative Second 11 September[28]
Edward Wakefield Geraldine Conservative Second 9 September[10]
John Studholme Gladstone Conservative Fourth 15 September[23]
Robert Trimble Grey and Bell Conservative First 8 September[26]
Richard Reeves Grey Valley Greyite Second 5 September[29]
Edward Masters Grey Valley Greyite First 5 September[30]
James Fisher Heathcote Greyite Second 8 September[13]
Richard Seddon Hokitika Greyite First 5 September[31]
Robert Reid Hokitika Greyite First 5 September[29]
Thomas Mason Hutt Conservative First 9 September[32]
James Walker Bain Invercargill Conservative First 1 September[14]
Charles Christopher Bowen Kaiapoi Conservative Third 5 September[33]
Harry Allwright Lyttelton Greyite First 4 September[34]
Walter Woods Johnston Manawatu Conservative Third 6 September[35]
William Henry Colbeck Marsden Greyite First 11 September[36]
James Shanks Mataura Greyite Second 29 August[31]
John Lundon Mongonui and Bay of Islands Greyite First 10 September[37]
Richmond Hursthouse Motueka Conservative Second 2 September[38]
Cecil de Lautour Mount Ida Greyite Second 30 August[22]
Fred Sutton Napier Conservative Second 8 September[23]
William Russell Napier Conservative Second 8 September[15]
Albert Pitt City of Nelson Conservative First 6 September[39]
Acton Adams City of Nelson Conservative Second 6 September[34]
Andrew Richmond Nelson SuburbsSuburbs of Nelson Conservative Fifth 8 September[11]
Thomas Kelly New Plymouth Conservative Fourth 6 September[40]
William Swanson Newton Greyite Third 2 September[23]
Maurice O'Rorke Onehunga Greyite Fifth 9 September[18]
Frederick Moss Parnell Greyite Second 4 September[12]
Courtney Kenny Picton Conservative Fourth 30 August[40]
James Macandrew Port Chalmers Greyite Seventh 5 September[41]
William Jarvis Willis Rangitikei Conservative First 3 September[42]
Patrick McCaughen Riverton Independent First 6 September[41]
Seymour Thorne George Rodney Greyite Second 8 September[21]
Henry Driver Roslyn Conservative Fourth 5 September[43]
John Hall Selwyn Conservative Fourth 29 August[28]
James Fulton Taieri Conservative First 9 September[21]
George Greya Thames Greyite Third 2 September[17]
John Sheehan Thames Greyite Third 2 September[31]
Richard Turnbull Timaru Conservative Second 6 September[26]
William Gisborne Totara Greyite Third 29 August[21]
James Clark Brown Tuapeka Greyite Fourth 6 September[44]
George Ireland Waikaia Independent First 8 September[38]
John Blair Whyte Waikato Conservative First 8 September[45]
George McLean Waikouaiti Conservative Third 6 September[46]
Joseph Shephard Waimea Conservative Second 5 September[47][48]
Frederick Alexander Whitaker Waipa Conservative First 10 September[45]
Henry Bunny Wairarapa Greyite Fifth 4 September[49]
George Beetham Wairarapa Conservative Second 4 September[50]
Arthur Seymour Wairau Conservative Third 8 September[31]
Samuel Shrimski Waitaki Greyite Second 5 September[51]
Thomas William Hislop Waitaki Conservative Second 5 September[52]
Reader Wood Waitemata Greyite Fifth 9 September[20]
Hugh Finn Wakatipu Greyite First 12 September[13]
Henry Hirst Wallace Conservative First 4 September[52]
John Bryce Wanganui Conservative Fourth 5 September[44]
John Ballance Wanganui Greyite Third 5 September[14]
William Hutchison City of Wellington Greyite First 5 September[38]
William Levin City of Wellington Conservative First 5 September[37]
Alfred Brandon Wellington Country Conservative Sixth 11 September[44]
Henare Tomoana X-01Eastern Maori Conservative Second 8 September[26]
Hone Tawhai X-02Northern Maori Greyite First 8 September[53]
Ihaia Tainui X-03Southern Maori Greyite Second 8 September[53]
Wiremu Te Wheoro X-04Western Maori Greyite First 8 September[45]

a George Grey was unseated on petition in Christchurch, as he had already been elected in the Thames electorate[54]


Changes during term

There were a number of changes during the term of the 7th Parliament.

By-election Electorate Date Incumbent Reason Winner
1880 Rangitikei 8 May William Jarvis Willis Resignation William Fox
1880 Waitaki 16 June Thomas William Hislop Resignation George Jones
1880 Waikaia 21 September George Ireland Death Horace Bastings
1881 Suburbs of Nelson 11 January Andrew Richmond Death Arthur Collins
1881 Southern Maori 1 March Ihaia Tainui Resignation Hori Kerei Taiaroa
1881 City of Nelson 7 June Acton Adams Resignation Henry Levestam
1881 Grey Valley 16 June Edward Masters Resignation Thomas S. Weston

Notes

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
  2. ^ King 2003, p. ?.
  3. ^ King 2003, p. 534.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 37.
  5. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "The New Parliament". Wanganui Chronicle. XXI (4143). 18 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  8. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.
  10. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  11. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  12. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  13. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  14. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  15. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 137.
  16. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  17. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 110.
  18. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  19. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  20. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  21. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  22. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 103.
  23. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  24. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 133.
  25. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  26. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  27. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  28. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  29. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  30. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  31. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  32. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
  33. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  34. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 92.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  36. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  37. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  38. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  39. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  40. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  41. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  42. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  43. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  44. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  45. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  46. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  47. ^ "Waimea Nomination". Nelson Evening Mail. XIV (201). 5 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  48. ^ "Electoral District of Waimea". Colonist. XXII (2598). 9 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  49. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  50. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  51. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  52. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 114.
  53. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  54. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 201.

References

  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Southland". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members Of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  • King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand (20 ed.). Auckland: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-301867-1. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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