7th New Zealand Parliament

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Seventh Parliament of New Zealand
6th Parliament 8th Parliament
Overview
Term 24 September 1879 – 24 September 1881
Election New Zealand general election, 1879
Government Hall ministry
House of Representatives
Members 88
Speaker of the House Maurice O'Rorke
Premier John Hall
Legislative Council
Members 48 (at start)
43 (at end)
Speaker of the Council William Fitzherbert
Sovereign
Monarch HM Victoria
Governor HE Rt. Hon. Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon from 29 November 1880
––HE Rt. Hon. Sir Hercules Robinson until 9 September 1880

The 7th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

Elections for this term were held in 69 European electorates between 28 August and 15 September 1879. Elections in the four Māori electorates were held on 1 and 8 September of that year. A total of 88 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in November 1881. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.

Sessions

The 7th Parliament opened on 24 September 1879, following the 1879 general election. It sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 8 November 1881.[1]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 24 September 1879 19 December 1879
second 28 May 1880 1 September 1880
third 9 June 1881 24 September 1881

Historical context

Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.[2]

Ministries

The Grey Ministry had been in power since 13 October 1877 during the term of the 6th Parliament. It lasted until 8 October 1879, when the Hall Ministry under Premier John Hall formed a new caucus. This ministry lasted until 21 April 1882, well into the term of the 8th Parliament.[3][4]

Initial composition of the 7th Parliament

88 seats were created across the electorates.[5]


Member Electorate Affiliation[6] MP's term Election date
Montgomery, WilliamWilliam Montgomery Akaroa Greyite Third 1 September[7]
Moorhouse, William SeftonWilliam Sefton Moorhouse Ashley Conservative Sixth 11 September[7]
Speight, WilliamWilliam Speight Auckland East Greyite First 10 September[8]
Hurst, William JohnWilliam John Hurst Auckland West Greyite First 6 September[9]
Wallis, JamesJames Wallis Auckland West Greyite Second 6 September[10]
Rolleston, WilliamWilliam Rolleston Avon Conservative Fourth 28 August[11]
Murray, WilliamWilliam Murray Bruce Conservative Third 9 September[12]
Fisher, James BickertonJames Bickerton Fisher Buller Greyite First 9 September[13]
Barron, WilliamWilliam Barron Caversham Greyite First 9 September[14]
Saunders, AlfredAlfred Saunders Cheviot Conservative Third 6 September[15]
Andrews, Samuel PaullSamuel Paull Andrews Christchurch Greyite First 10 September[16]
Grey, GeorgeGeorge Greya Christchurch Greyite Third 10 September[17]
Stevens, Edward Cephas JohnEdward Cephas John Stevens Christchurch Conservative Third 10 September[8]
Ormond, John DaviesJohn Davies Ormond Clive Conservative Fifth 10 September[18]
Thomson, James WilliamJames William Thomson Clutha Greyite Third 11 September[19]
Wright, Edward GeorgeEdward George Wright Coleridge Conservative First 15 September[20]
Gibbs, WilliamWilliam Gibbs Collingwood Conservative Third 11 September[21]
Dick, ThomasThomas Dick Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Conservative Third 2 September[22]
Oliver, RichardRichard Oliver Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Conservative Second 2 September[18]
Stewart, William DownieWilliam Downie Stewart Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Conservative Second 2 September[23]
Pyke, VincentVincent Pyke Dunstan Greyite Third 3 September[24]
McDonald, AllanAllan McDonald East Coast Greyite First 5 September[25]
Tole, JosephJoseph Tole Eden Greyite Second 5 September[26]
Atkinson, HarryHarry Atkinson Egmont Conservative Fifth 5 September[16]
Harris, BenjaminBenjamin Harris Franklin Greyite First 11 September[27]
Hamlin, EbenezerEbenezer Hamlin Franklin Conservative Second 11 September[28]
Wakefield, EdwardEdward Wakefield Geraldine Conservative Second 9 September[10]
Studholme, JohnJohn Studholme Gladstone Conservative Fourth 15 September[23]
Trimble, RobertRobert Trimble Grey and Bell Conservative First 8 September[26]
Reeves, RichardRichard Reeves Grey Valley Greyite Second 5 September[29]
Masters, EdwardEdward Masters Grey Valley Greyite First 5 September[30]
Fisher, JamesJames Fisher Heathcote Greyite Second 8 September[13]
Seddon, RichardRichard Seddon Hokitika Greyite First 5 September[31]
Reid, RobertRobert Reid Hokitika Greyite First 5 September[29]
Mason, ThomasThomas Mason Hutt Conservative First 9 September[32]
Bain, James WalkerJames Walker Bain Invercargill Conservative First 1 September[14]
Bowen, Charles ChristopherCharles Christopher Bowen Kaiapoi Conservative Third 5 September[33]
Allwright, HarryHarry Allwright Lyttelton Greyite First 4 September[34]
Johnston, Walter WoodsWalter Woods Johnston Manawatu Conservative Third 6 September[35]
Colbeck, William HenryWilliam Henry Colbeck Marsden Greyite First 11 September[36]
Shanks, JamesJames Shanks Mataura Greyite Second 29 August[31]
Lundon, JohnJohn Lundon Mongonui and Bay of Islands Greyite First 10 September[37]
Hursthouse, RichmondRichmond Hursthouse Motueka Conservative Second 2 September[38]
de Lautour, CecilCecil de Lautour Mount Ida Greyite Second 30 August[22]
Sutton, FredFred Sutton Napier Conservative Second 8 September[23]
Russell, WilliamWilliam Russell Napier Conservative Second 8 September[15]
Pitt, AlbertAlbert Pitt Nelson, City ofCity of Nelson Conservative First 6 September[39]
Adams, ActonActon Adams Nelson, City ofCity of Nelson Conservative Second 6 September[34]
Richmond, AndrewAndrew Richmond Nelson SuburbsSuburbs of Nelson Conservative Fifth 8 September[11]
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly New Plymouth Conservative Fourth 6 September[40]
Swanson, WilliamWilliam Swanson Newton Greyite Third 2 September[23]
O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke Onehunga Greyite Fifth 9 September[18]
Moss, FrederickFrederick Moss Parnell Greyite Second 4 September[12]
Kenny, CourtneyCourtney Kenny Picton Conservative Fourth 30 August[40]
Macandrew, JamesJames Macandrew Port Chalmers Greyite Seventh 5 September[41]
Willis, William JarvisWilliam Jarvis Willis Rangitikei Conservative First 3 September[42]
McCaughen, PatrickPatrick McCaughen Riverton Independent First 6 September[41]
Thorne George, SeymourSeymour Thorne George Rodney Greyite Second 8 September[21]
Driver, HenryHenry Driver Roslyn Conservative Fourth 5 September[43]
Hall, JohnJohn Hall Selwyn Conservative Fourth 29 August[28]
Fulton, JamesJames Fulton Taieri Conservative First 9 September[21]
Grey, GeorgeGeorge Greya Thames Greyite Third 2 September[17]
Sheehan, JohnJohn Sheehan Thames Greyite Third 2 September[31]
Turnbull, RichardRichard Turnbull Timaru Conservative Second 6 September[26]
Gisborne, WilliamWilliam Gisborne Totara Greyite Third 29 August[21]
Brown, James ClarkJames Clark Brown Tuapeka Greyite Fourth 6 September[44]
Ireland, GeorgeGeorge Ireland Waikaia Independent First 8 September[38]
Whyte, John BlairJohn Blair Whyte Waikato Conservative First 8 September[45]
McLean, GeorgeGeorge McLean Waikouaiti Conservative Third 6 September[46]
Shephard, JosephJoseph Shephard Waimea Conservative Second 5 September[47][48]
Whitaker, Frederick AlexanderFrederick Alexander Whitaker Waipa Conservative First 10 September[45]
Bunny, HenryHenry Bunny Wairarapa Greyite Fifth 4 September[49]
Beetham, GeorgeGeorge Beetham Wairarapa Conservative Second 4 September[50]
Seymour, ArthurArthur Seymour Wairau Conservative Third 8 September[31]
Shrimski, SamuelSamuel Shrimski Waitaki Greyite Second 5 September[51]
Hislop, Thomas WilliamThomas William Hislop Waitaki Conservative Second 5 September[52]
Wood, ReaderReader Wood Waitemata Greyite Fifth 9 September[20]
Finn, HughHugh Finn Wakatipu Greyite First 12 September[13]
Hirst, HenryHenry Hirst Wallace Conservative First 4 September[52]
Bryce, JohnJohn Bryce Wanganui Conservative Fourth 5 September[44]
Ballance, JohnJohn Ballance Wanganui Greyite Third 5 September[14]
Hutchison, WilliamWilliam Hutchison Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Greyite First 5 September[38]
Levin, WilliamWilliam Levin Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Conservative First 5 September[37]
Brandon, AlfredAlfred Brandon Wellington Country Conservative Sixth 11 September[44]
Tomoana, HenareHenare Tomoana X-01Eastern Maori Conservative Second 8 September[26]
Tawhai, HoneHone Tawhai X-02Northern Maori Greyite First 8 September[53]
Tainui, IhaiaIhaia Tainui X-03Southern Maori Greyite Second 8 September[53]
Wheoro, Wiremu TeWiremu Te Wheoro X-04Western Maori Greyite First 8 September[45]

a George Grey was unseated on petition in Christchurch, as he had already been elected in the Thames electorate[54]


Changes during term

There were a number of changes during the term of the 7th Parliament.

By-election Electorate Date Incumbent Reason Winner
1880 Rangitikei 8 May William Jarvis Willis Resignation William Fox
1880 Waitaki 16 June Thomas William Hislop Resignation George Jones
1880 Waikaia 21 September George Ireland Death Horace Bastings
1881 Suburbs of Nelson 11 January Andrew Richmond Death Arthur Collins
1881 Southern Maori 1 March Ihaia Tainui Resignation Hori Kerei Taiaroa
1881 City of Nelson 7 June Acton Adams Resignation Henry Levestam
1881 Grey Valley 16 June Edward Masters Resignation Thomas S. Weston

Notes

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
  2. ^ King 2003, p. ?.
  3. ^ King 2003, p. 534.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 37.
  5. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "The New Parliament". Wanganui Chronicle. XXI (4143). 18 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  8. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.
  10. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  11. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  12. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  13. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  14. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  15. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 137.
  16. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  17. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 110.
  18. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  19. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  20. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  21. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  22. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 103.
  23. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  24. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 133.
  25. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  26. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  27. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  28. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  29. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  30. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  31. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  32. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
  33. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  34. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 92.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  36. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  37. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  38. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  39. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  40. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  41. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  42. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  43. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  44. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  45. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  46. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  47. ^ "Waimea Nomination". Nelson Evening Mail. XIV (201). 5 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  48. ^ "Electoral District of Waimea.". Colonist. XXII (2598). 9 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  49. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  50. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  51. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  52. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 114.
  53. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  54. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 201.

References

  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Southland". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members Of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  • Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  • King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand (20 ed.). Auckland: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-301867-1. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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