61st Pennsylvania Infantry

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61st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry
Active September 7, 1861 – June 28, 1865
Country United States of America
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Siege of Yorktown
Battle of Williamsburg
Battle of Seven Pines
Seven Days Battles
Battle of Gaines's Mill
Battle of White Oak Swamp
Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Chantilly
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Bristoe Campaign
Mine Run Campaign
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of North Anna
Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
Battle of Fort Stevens
Third Battle of Winchester
Battle of Fisher's Hill
Battle of Cedar Creek
Appomattox Campaign
Third Battle of Petersburg
Battle of Appomattox Court House

The 61st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service

The 61st Pennsylvania Infantry was organized at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in August 1861 and mustered in for a three year enlistment under the command of Colonel Oliver H. Rippey.

The regiment was attached to Jameson's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac, to February 1862. Graham's Brigade, Couch's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps, to September 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps, to October 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps, to February 1863. Light Brigade, VI Corps, to May 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July 1864. Army of the Shenandoah to December 1864, and Army of the Potomac to June 1865.

The 61st Pennsylvania Infantry mustered out June 28, 1865.

Detailed service

Ordered to Washington, D.C. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D. C., until March 1862. Reconnaissance to Pohick Church and Occoquan River November 12, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. Reconnaissance to Gainesville March 20. Moved to the Peninsula, Va., March 26. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Operations about Bottom's Bridge May 20-23. Battle of Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven Days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Seven Pines June 27. White Oak Swamp and Charles City Cross Roads June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Reconnaissance to Malvern Hill August 5-7. Movement to Alexandria, then to Chantilly August 16-30. Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Williamsport September 19-20. Duty in Maryland and on the Potomac until November. Movement to Falmouth, Va., November 1-19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's 2nd Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Operations about Deep Run Ravine June 6-13. Battle Of Gettysburg July 2-4. South Mountain, Md., July 6. Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station until April 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battle of the Wilderness May 5-7. Parker's Store May 5. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Siege of Petersburg until July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the northern defenses of Washington July 11-12. Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-19. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Charlestown August 21. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 13. Third Battle of Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December. Ordered to Petersburg, Va., December 1. Siege of Petersburg December 1864 to April 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Danville April 23-29, and duty there until May 23. Moved to Richmond, Va., then to Washington, D.C. Corps Review June 8.

Casualties

The regiment lost a total of 338 men during service; 19 officers and 218 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 100 enlisted men died of disease.

Commanders

  • Colonel Oliver H. Rippey - killed in action at the Battle of Seven Pines
  • Colonel George C. Spear - killed in action at the Battle of Chancellorsville
  • Colonel George F. Smith - mustered out September 7, 1864 on the expiration of his enlistment; recommissioned September 29, 1864 and discharged April 20, 1865 by special order
  • Colonel Robert L. Orr

Notable members

See also

References

  • Brewer, Abraham Titus. History, Sixty-First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865 (Pittsburgh, PA: Art Engraving & Print. Co.), 1911.
  • -----. Oration Delivered July 24th, 1888 on Wolf's Hill, Gettysburg at Dedication of Battle Monument in Memory of the Sixty-First Pennsylvania Volunteers (Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Print. & Pub. Co.), 1888.
  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Helbling, Karen. The Lost Muster Rolls of the 61st Pa. Vols., Company E (New Brighton, PA: Duckpond Press), 2004. ISBN 0-9749-9132-5
Attribution
  • This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.

External links

  • 61st Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
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