54509 YORP

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54509 YORP
54509 YORP image radar and 3D model.gif
Radar image and 3D model of YORP
Discovery[1]
Discovered by LINEAR
Discovery site Lincoln Lab's ETS
Discovery date 3 August 2000
Designations
MPC designation (54509) YORP
Named after
YORP effect
2000 PH5
Apollo Apollo
NEO
Orbital characteristics[2][3]
Epoch 20 March 2003 (JD 2452718.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 1826 days (5.00 yr)
Aphelion 1.22998 AU (184.002 Gm)
Perihelion 0.77013 AU (115.210 Gm)
1.00005 AU (149.605 Gm)
Eccentricity 0.22991
1.00 yr (365.29 d)
Average orbital speed
29.31 km/s
314.13265°
0° 59m 7.901s / day
Inclination 1.83313°
281.88673°
274.101°
Earth MOID 0.00268922 AU (402,302 km)
Jupiter MOID 3.72701 AU (557.553 Gm)
TJupiter 6.056
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 150×128×93 m[4]
0.2029 h (12.17 min)
Sidereal rotation period
0.2029 h
12.174 min[3]
173°[4]
−85°[4]
180°[4]
0.10?
Temperature ~278 K
22.7

54509 YORP, provisional designation 2000 PH5, is an Earth co-orbital asteroid[5] discovered on August 3, 2000 by the Lincoln Laboratory Near-Earth Asteroid Research (LINEAR) Team at Lincoln Laboratory Experimental Test Site in Socorro, New Mexico. Measurements of the rotation rate of this object provided the first observational evidence of the YORP effect, hence the name of the asteroid. The asteroid's rate of rotation is increasing at the rate of (2.0 ± 0.2) × 10−4 deg/day2 which between 2001 and 2005 caused the asteroid to rotate about 250° further than its spin rate in 2001 would have predicted.[4] Simulations of the asteroid suggest that it may reach a rotation period of ~20 seconds near the end of its expected lifetime.[6] The simulations also ruled out the possibility that close encounters with the Earth have been the cause of the increased spin rate.[6]

On January 2, 2104, asteroid YORP will pass 0.00526 AU (787,000 km; 489,000 mi) from Earth.[7]

Gallery

Animation of 54509 YORP orbit from 1600 to 2500
Relative to Sun and Earth
Around Earth
Around Sun
   Sun ·    Earth ·   54509 YORP

See also

References

  1. ^ Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets
  2. ^ "The Asteroid Orbital Elements Database". astorb. Lowell Observatory.
  3. ^ a b "54509 YORP". JPL Small-Body Database. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. SPK-ID: 54509. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Taylor, Patrick A.; et al. (2007-04-13). "Spin Rate of Asteroid (54509) 2000 PH5 Increasing Due to the YORP Effect" (PDF). Science. 316 (5822): 274–277. Bibcode:2007Sci...316..274T. doi:10.1126/science.1139038. PMID 17347415.
  5. ^ Christou, Apostolos A.; Asher, David J. (2011). "A long-lived horseshoe companion to the Earth". Preprint. 414: 2965–2969. arXiv:1104.0036. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.414.2965C. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18595.x.
  6. ^ a b Lowry, Stephen C.; et al. (2007-04-13). "Direct Detection of the Asteroidal YORP Effect" (PDF). Science. 316 (5822): 272–274. Bibcode:2007Sci...316..272L. doi:10.1126/science.1139040. PMID 17347414. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-24.
  7. ^ "JPL Close-Approach Data: 54509 YORP (2000 PH5)" (last observation: 2005-08-03; arc: 5 yr). Retrieved 2015-02-28.

Further reading

  • Mueller, Michael (2007). "Surface Properties of Asteroids from Mid-Infrared Observations and Thermophysical Modeling". Doctoral Dissertation.

External links

  • 54509 YORP at NeoDyS-2, Near Earth Objects—Dynamic Site
    • Ephemeris · Obs prediction · Orbital info · MOID · Proper elements · Obs info · Close · Physical info · NEOCC
  • 54509 YORP at the JPL Small-Body Database
    • Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters
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