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53T6 (ABM-3 Gazelle)
ABM Pushkino.jpg
Type Anti-ballistic missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service Since 1995
Used by Russia
Wars Cold War
Production history
Designer NPO Novator Design Bureau
Designed 1978[1]
Produced 1988[1]
No. built 68[1]
Variants A modernized variant is in service as of July 2018[2]
Weight 10 000 kg (22 000 lb)
Length 12 m
Diameter 1.8 m[3][4][5]
Warhead nuclear 10 kt

Engine 2-stage solid fuel
80–100 km[6][7][8][9]
Flight ceiling 80–100 km
Speed Mach 17 (20,826 km/h; 12,941 mph)

The 53T6 (NATO reporting name: ABM-3 Gazelle, previously SH-08)[1] is a Russian anti-ballistic missile. Designed in 1978 and in service since 1995,[12] it is a component of the A-135 anti-ballistic missile system.

The missile is able to intercept incoming re-entry vehicles at a distance of 80 km. The 53T6 is a two-stage solid-propellant rocket armed with a 10 kt thermonuclear weapon. The missile is about 10 meters in length and 1.8 meters in diameter. Its launch weight is 10 tons.[1][13]

The 53T6 missile is kept in a silo-based launch container. Prior to launch its cover is blown off.

The missile achieves speeds of approximately Mach 17 (20,826 km/h; 12,941 mph; 5.7849 km/s).[14] Maximal load manoeuvre capability is 210 g longitudinal and 90 g transverse[15]

Radar support

The Gazelle missile system is supported by the Don-2N Pill Box radar.

See also

Related US missiles



  1. ^ a b c d e Gazelle (SH-08/ABM-3).
  2. ^ https://sputniknews.com/military/201807201066523558-russia-air-defense-missile-test/
  3. ^ http://tonnel-ufo.ru/eanglish/weapon/prs-1-53t6-antimissile-missile-complex-and-a-135-rtts-181-cupid-5zh60.php
  4. ^ http://ausairpower.net/APA-Rus-ABM-Systems.html
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20100908082208/http://military.tomsk.ru/blog/topic-350.html
  6. ^ http://tonnel-ufo.ru/eanglish/weapon/prs-1-53t6-antimissile-missile-complex-and-a-135-rtts-181-cupid-5zh60.php
  7. ^ http://missilethreat.com/defense-systems/a-135-abm-3-gazelle/
  8. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/gazelle.htm
  9. ^ http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/53t6.htm
  10. ^ http://ausairpower.net/APA-Rus-ABM-Systems.html#mozTocId700952
  11. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RK6W0OATveQ
  12. ^ A-135.
  13. ^ СИСТЕМА ПРО А-135.
  14. ^ СИСТЕМА ПРО А-135.
  15. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20100908082208/http://military.tomsk.ru/blog/topic-350.html

External links

  • Video of test launching (This video is no longer available due to a copyright claim by XMD-TV)
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