46th New Zealand Parliament

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Forty-sixth Parliament of New Zealand
45th Parliament 47th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term 20 December 1999 – 11 June 2002
Election New Zealand general election, 1999
Government Fifth Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 46th Parliament.png
Members 120
Speaker of the House Jonathan Hunt
Leader of the House Michael Cullen
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Leader of the Opposition Bill English
––Jenny Shipley until 8 October 2001
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE The Hon. Dame Silvia Cartwright from 4 April 2001
––HE Rt. Hon Sir Michael Hardie Boys until 21 March 2001

The 46th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1999 election, and it sat until the 2002 election.

The 46th Parliament marked a change of government, with a coalition of the Labour Party and the Alliance taking office. Helen Clark replaced Jenny Shipley as Prime Minister. The National Party, which had formed a minority government for the last part of the 45th Parliament, became the largest opposition party, eventually emerging under a new leader, Bill English. Other parties in Parliament were ACT, the Greens, New Zealand First, and United. Several parties represented at the end of the previous Parliament, such as Mauri Pacific, were wiped out, failing to retain any of their seats.

The 46th Parliament consisted of one hundred and twenty representatives. Sixty-seven of these representatives were chosen by geographical electorates, including six Māori electorates. The remainder were elected by means of party-list proportional representation under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system.

Electoral boundaries for the 46th Parliament

NewZealandElectorates1999-Labeled.png

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1999 election and at dissolution:

Affiliation Members
At 1999 election At dissolution
Labour 49 49
Alliance 10 10
Green CS 7 7
Government total 66 66
National 39 39
ACT 9 9
NZ First 5 5
United NZ 1 1
Opposition total 54 54
Total
120 120
Working Government majority 12 12

Notes

  • The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
  • ^CS The Green Party entered a confidence and supply agreement with the Labour-Alliance coalition

Initial composition of the 46th Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1999 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Alliance    Green    ACT    United NZ  
 NZ First    Legalise Cannabis    Mauri Pacific    Future NZ    Te Tawharau    Independent  
Electorate results of the New Zealand general election, 1999[1][2]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up Third place
General electorates
Albany Murray McCully 4,948 Hamish McCracken Heather Ann McConachy
Aoraki Jim Sutton 7,139 Wayne F Marriott Lynley Simmons
Auckland Central Judith Tizard 5,285 Martin Poulsen Sandra Lee
Banks Peninsula David Carter Ruth Dyson 1,455 David Carter Maevis Watson
Bay of Plenty Tony Ryall 7,102 Terry Hughes Peter Brown
Christchurch Central Tim Barnett 9,404 John Stringer Liz Gordon
Christchurch East Larry Sutherland Lianne Dalziel 11,162 John Knox Paul Piesse
Clutha-Southland Bill English 6,401 Lesley Soper Dave Mackie
Coromandel Murray McLean Jeanette Fitzsimons 250 Murray McLean Margaret Hawkeswood
Dunedin North Pete Hodgson 12,695 Katherine Rich Quentin Findlay
Dunedin South Michael Cullen David Benson-Pope 10,608 Russel Keast Mark Ryan
East Coast New electorate Janet Mackey 3,845 Matthew Parkinson Gavin MacLean
Epsom Christine Fletcher Richard Worth 1,908 Rodney Hide David Jacobs
Hamilton East Tony Steel 692 Dianne Yates Peter Jamieson
Hamilton West Bob Simcock Martin Gallagher 1,629 Bob Simcock Dave Macpherson
Hunua Warren Kyd 5,195 Paul Schofield Janice Graham
Hutt South Trevor Mallard 8,885 Clare Radomske Christopher Milne
Ilam Gerry Brownlee 6,792 Alison Wilkie Lois Griffiths
Invercargill Mark Peck 7,990 Eric Roy Stephnie de Ruyter
Kaikoura Doug Kidd Lynda Scott 1,486 Brian McNamara Ian Ewen-Street
Karapiro John Luxton Lindsay Tisch 5,216 Paul Cronin John Pemberton
Mana Graham Kelly 5,475 Mark Thomas Moira Ann Lawler
Māngere Taito Phillip Field 13,047 Sylvia Taylor Finau Kolo
Manukau East Ross Robertson 7,086 Ken Yee Charles Lowndes
Manurewa George Hawkins 13,062 Enosa Auva'a Toia Lucas
Maungakiekie Belinda Vernon Mark Gosche 2,512 Belinda Vernon Matt Robson
Mount Albert New electorate Helen Clark 13,108 Noelene Buckland Jill Ovens
Mount Roskill New electorate Phil Goff 9,707 Phil Raffills Sarah Martin
Napier Geoff Braybrooke 11,863 Anne Tolley Robin Gwynn
Nelson Nick Smith 4,521 Simon Fraser Mary Ellen O'Connor
New Plymouth Harry Duynhoven 15,092 Len Jury Tom Smithers
North Shore Wayne Mapp 7,048 Helen Duncan Michael Pinkney
Northcote Ian Revell Ann Hartley 278 Ian Revell Grant Gillon
Northland John Carter 5,454 Les Robertson Ian Walker
Ohariu-Belmont Peter Dunne 12,557 Derek Best Kathryn Asare
Otago Gavan Herlihy 2,367 Val Dearman Bill Holvey
Otaki Judy Keall 7,250 Roger Sowry Russell Franklin
Pakuranga Maurice Williamson 5,314 Patrick Hine Dick Quax
Palmerston North Steve Maharey 13,153 George Halligan John Gerard Hehir
Port Waikato Bill Birch Paul Hutchison 13,153 Trish Ryan David Fowler
Rakaia Jenny Shipley 10,602 Diane Schurgers Annabel Taylor
Rangitikei Denis Marshall Simon Power 289 Craig Walsham Dion Martin
Rimutaka Paul Swain 8,374 Stuart Blair Roddick Brendan Tracey
Rodney Lockwood Smith 6,905 Mark Domney Jill Jeffs
Rongotai Annette King 12,928 Stuart Boag Richard Wernham
Rotorua Max Bradford Steve Chadwick 4,978 Max Bradford Lynne Dempsey
Tamaki Clem Simich 4,911 Lynne Pillay Alex Swney
Taranaki-King Country Shane Ardern 6,510 John Young Kevin Campbell
Taupo Mark Burton 3,578 David Steele Nick Fisher
Tauranga Winston Peters 63 Katherine O'Regan Margaret Wilson
Te Atatu New electorate Chris Carter 9,262 Vanessa Neeson Laila Harré
Titirangi New electorate David Cunliffe 5,800 Marie Hasler Stephen Abel
Tukituki Rick Barker 8,646 Larry White John Ormond
Waimakariri Mike Moore Clayton Cosgrove 1,141 Gideon Couper John Wright
Wairarapa Wyatt Creech Georgina Beyer 3,033 Paul Henry Cathy Casey
Waitakere Marie Hasler Brian Neeson 4,056 Jonathan Hunt David Clendon
Wellington Central Richard Prebble Marian Hobbs 1,482 Richard Prebble Michael Appleby
West Coast-Tasman Damien O'Connor 7,378 Rod O'Beirne Pat O'Dea
Whanganui Jill Pettis 3,155 Chester Borrows Mark Middleton
Whangarei John Banks Phil Heatley 1,934 Denise Jelicich Brian Donnelly
Wigram Jim Anderton 9,885 Angus McKay Mike Mora
Māori electorates
Hauraki Maori New electorate John Tamihere 7,238 Josie Anderson Willie Jackson
Ikaroa-Rāwhiti New electorate Parekura Horomia 695 Derek Fox Bill Gudgeon
Te Tai Hauāuru Tuku Morgan Nanaia Mahuta 6,233 Lorraine Anderson Tuku Morgan
Te Tai Tokerau Tau Henare Dover Samuels 5,692 Anaru George Tau Henare
Te Tai Tonga Tu Wyllie Mahara Okeroa 4,522 Tu Wyllie Vern Winitana
Waiariki New electorate Mita Ririnui 4,369 Tuariki Delamere Arapeta Tahana

Changes during term

There were no by-elections held during the term of the 46th Parliament.

References

  1. ^ "Candidate Vote Details". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Winning Electorate Candidate Votes". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
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