42nd New Zealand Parliament

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Forty-second Parliament of New Zealand
41st Parliament 43rd Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term 16 September 1987 – 6 September 1990
Election New Zealand general election, 1987
Government Fourth Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 42nd Parliament.png
Members 97
Speaker of the House Kerry Burke
Leader of the House Jonathan Hunt
Prime Minister Mike Moore
––Geoffrey Palmer until 3 September 1990
––David Lange until 8 August 1989
Leader of the Opposition Jim Bolger
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE The Rt Rev. Sir Paul Reeves

The 42nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1987 elections, and it sat until the 1990 elections.

The 42nd Parliament was the second (and final) term of the controversial fourth Labour Party government. Initially, the only other party in the 42nd Parliament was the National Party, with the Democratic Party having lost the two seats it held in the 41st Parliament. Later, a dissident Labour MP, Jim Anderton, would found the NewLabour Party in 1989.[1] Due to internal disputes within the Labour Party, there were three Prime Ministers during the 42nd Parliament: David Lange, Geoffrey Palmer, and Mike Moore.

The 42nd Parliament consisted of ninety-seven representatives. At the time, this was the highest number of representatives that Parliament had had, although it would later be exceeded. All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 42nd Parliament

NewZealandElectorates1987-Labeled.png

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1987 election and at dissolution:

Affiliation Members
At 1987 election At dissolution
Labour 57 56
Government total
National 40 40
NewLabour Not yet founded 1
Opposition total 40 41
Total
97 97
Working Government majority 17 15

Notes

  • The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.

Initial composition of the 42nd Parliament

The tables below shows the results of the 1987 general election:

Key

 Labour    National    Democrats    Mana Motuhake    Independent  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1987
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Albany New electorate Don McKinnon 1,658 Chris Carter
Ashburton Rob Talbot Jenny Shipley 4,935 I A Maxwell
Auckland Central Richard Prebble 7,355 S J Mayer
Avon Mary Batchelor Larry Sutherland 6,322 Ms W Rush
Awarua Rex Austin Jeff Grant 2,480 Ms H M Simpson
Bay of Islands Neill Austin John Carter 2,123 C S Robinson
Birkenhead Jim McLay Jenny Kirk 2,220 Barry Gustafson
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer 6,805 G L B Burnett
Christchurch North Mike Moore 4,698 B A McNeill
Clevedon New electorate Warren Kyd 827 Ms L F Goffin
Clutha Robin Gray 5,541 Holly Russell
Coromandel New electorate Graeme Lee 3,765 Alasdair Thompson
Dunedin North Stan Rodger 6,534 Sean Davison
Dunedin West Clive Matthewson 4,547 Ian McMeeking
East Cape Anne Fraser 246 H T Gardiner
East Coast Bays Gary Knapp Murray McCully 311 Gary Knapp
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young 4,740 P W Pattison
Eden Richard Northey 3,404 Hiwi Tauroa
Fendalton Philip Burdon 311 Neil Cherry
Gisborne Allan Wallbank 2,759 Georgina Tattersfield
Glenfield Judy Keall 1,900 David Schnauer
Hamilton East Bill Dillon 1,671 Ms S M Shearer
Hamilton West Trevor Mallard 1,235 D G S Simes
Hastings David Butcher 2,307 Jeff Whittaker
Hawkes Bay Bill Sutton 859 Michael Laws
Heretaunga Bill Jeffries 2,554 John Allen
Hobson New electorate Ross Meurant 4,998 I J Melville
Horowhenua Annette King 1,550 Geoff Thompson
Invercargill Norman Jones Rob Munro 552 David Soper
Island Bay Frank O'Flynn Elizabeth Tennet 7,313 Sandra Clarke
Kaimai Bruce Townshend Robert Anderson 2,307 Henry Uttinger
Kaipara Lockwood Smith 5,797 Ms I A Hutchings
Kapiti Margaret Shields 2,760 Roger Sowry
King Country Jim Bolger 5,954 Leo Menefy
Lyttelton Ann Hercus Peter Simpson 3,733 P S Hall
Manawatu Michael Cox David Robinson 131 Michael Cox
Mangere David Lange 6,019 Ron Jeffery
Manurewa Roger Douglas 3,052 G Cunningham
Maramarua New electorate Bill Birch 5,729 B R Dent
Marlborough Doug Kidd 2,402 Ms P B Hutchison
Matamata Jack Luxton John Luxton 6,926 D W McGregor
Miramar Peter Neilsen 4,061 Ian Macfarlane
Mount Albert Helen Clark 5,337 Rob Wheeler
Napier Geoff Braybrooke 5,425 Ashley Church
Nelson Philip Woollaston 5,467 Mel Courtney
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 4,369 R G Berry
New Plymouth Tony Friedlander Harry Duynhoven 337 Tony Friedlander
North Shore George Gair 920 G R Ransom
Ohariu Peter Dunne 4,492 David Lloyd
Onehunga Fred Gerbic 3,329 A A Stanley
Otago Warren Cooper 1,961 Calvin Fisher
Otara Colin Moyle 2,409 Trevor Rogers
Pahiatua John Falloon 2,083 Margo Martindale
Pakuranga Neil Morrison Maurice Williamson 2,018 Neil Morrison
Palmerston North Trevor de Cleene 3,237 P J Curry
Panmure Bob Tizard 4,247 T J C Elliott
Papakura Merv Wellington 2,894 Geoff Summers
Papatoetoe Eddie Isbey Ross Robertson 2,689 H R Martin
Pencarrow Fraser Colman Sonja Davies 1,851 Andrew Harvey
Porirua Gerard Wall Graham Kelly 3,531 A L Gadsby
Raglan Simon Upton 3,271 Olivia Scarletti-Longley
Rangiora Jim Gerard 2,132 I C Constable
Rangitikei Denis Marshall 4,039 Bruce Beetham
Remuera Doug Graham 406 Judith Tizard
Roskill Phil Goff 2,437 Bob Foulkes
Rotorua Paul East 2,425 Ms R Mitchie
St Albans David Caygill 4,521 A P Cowie
St Kilda Michael Cullen 5,692 Lyndon Weggery
Selwyn Ruth Richardson 2,962 Bill Woods
Sydenham Jim Anderton[nb 1] 6,436 Ms J M Harrington
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 1,947 C Harding
Taranaki Roger Maxwell 6,313 P E E Jackson
Tarawera Ian McLean 3,577 M R Moore
Tasman Ken Shirley 1,012 Gerald Hunt
Tauranga Winston Peters 2,451 Ms J M Seddon
Te Atatu Michael Bassett 2,249 Brian Neeson
Timaru Maurice McTigue 857 Gary Clarke
Titirangi New electorate Ralph Maxwell 3,954 J C McIntosh
Tongariro Noel Scott 2,370 Ian Peters
Waikaremoana Roger McClay 3,810 T K Stewart
Waikato Rob Storey 4,155 B C Raitt
Waipa Katherine O'Regan 6,303 Ms L F Holmes
Wairarapa Reg Boorman Wyatt Creech[nb 2] 34 Reg Boorman
Waitaki Jim Sutton 89 D W Taylor
Waitotara Venn Young 5,949 Ms R F Stewart
Wallace Derek Angus 7,594 B O Julian
Wanganui Russell Marshall 248 Terry Heffernan
West Auckland Jack Elder 2,844 Ben Couch
Wellington Central Fran Wilde 5,191 John Feast
West Coast Kerry Burke 1,480 G D Garwood
Western Hutt John Terris 3,548 Joy McLauchlan
Whangarei John Banks 3,687 Ms E E Tait
Yaldhurst Margaret Austin 2,542 C J Bacon
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Peter Tapsell 8,696 Amster Reedy
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory 3,529 Matiu Rata
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 8,848 Tikirau Stevens
Western Maori Koro Wētere 8,129 Eva Rickard

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Jim Anderton defected to New Labour in 1989.
  2. ^ Creech was declared elected by the High Court after an Electoral Petition

Changes during term

There were no by-elections held during the term of the 42nd Parliament.

Notes

  1. ^ "Hon Jim Anderton". New Zealand Parliament. p. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 

References

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