41st New Zealand Parliament

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Forty-first Parliament of New Zealand
40th Parliament 42nd Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Term 15 August 1984 – 29 July 1987
Election New Zealand general election, 1984
Government Fourth Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 41st Parliament.png
Members 95
Speaker of the House Gerard Wall
––Basil Arthur until 1 May 1985 †
Leader of the House Geoffrey Palmer
Prime Minister David Lange
Leader of the Opposition Jim Bolger
––Jim McLay until 26 March 1986
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE The Rt Rev. Sir Paul Reeves
––HE The Hon. Sir David Beattie until 22 November 1985

The 41st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1984 elections, and it sat until the 1987 elections.

The 41st Parliament was the first term of the fourth Labour Party government. It marked the end of three terms of National Party administration under Robert Muldoon. David Lange become Prime Minister and Roger Douglas became Minister of Finance — the economic reforms undertaken by Douglas, nicknamed Rogernomics, would prove to be a defining feature of the fourth Labour government, and were deeply unpopular with Labour's traditional support base. The National Party, now in opposition, experienced a number of leadership disputes, replacing Muldoon first with Jim McLay and then with Jim Bolger.

The 41st Parliament consisted of ninety-five representatives, the highest number since the 10th Parliament (elected in 1887). All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 41st Parliament


Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1984 election and at dissolution:

Affiliation Members
At 1984 election At dissolution
Labour 56 55
Government total
National 37 38
Social Credit 2 2
Opposition total 39 40
95 95
Working Government majority 17 15


  • The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.

Initial composition of the 41st Parliament

The tables below shows the results of the 1984 general election:


 National    Labour    NZ Party  
 Social Credit    Mana Motuhake    Independent  
Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1984.[1]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton Rob Talbot 472 G Stone
Auckland Central Richard Prebble 8,876 Maureen Eardley-Wilmot
Avon Mary Batchelor 7,771 A P Cowie
Awarua Rex Austin 384 B G Raitt
Bay of Islands Neill Austin 3,298 Les Hunter
Birkenhead Jim McLay 1,717 John Course
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer 8,508 Tony Willy
Christchurch North New electorate Mike Moore 5,728 D J L Dumergue
Clutha Robin Gray 4,522 M J Sheppard
Dunedin North Stan Rodger 5,129 Barbara Henderson
Dunedin West New electorate Clive Matthewson 6,011 Derek Russell
East Cape Duncan MacIntyre Anne Fraser 755 Robyn J. Leeming[2]
East Coast Bays Gary Knapp 2,020 Murray McCully
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young 6,005 Joy McLauchlan
Eden Aussie Malcolm Richard Northey 2,306 Aussie Malcolm
Fendalton Philip Burdon 1,457 Murray Dobson
Franklin New electorate Bill Birch 5,210 R Haywood
Glenfield New electorate Judy Keall 809 David Schnauer
Gisborne Bob Bell Allan Wallbank 1,100 Bob Bell
Hamilton East Ian Shearer Bill Dillon 2,168 Ian Shearer
Hamilton West Mike Minogue Trevor Mallard 809 Mike Minogue
Hastings David Butcher 4,273 P D Brown
Hauraki Graeme Lee 3,432 Alisdair Thompson
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison Bill Sutton 974 Richard Harrison
Heretaunga Bill Jeffries 4,537 Anna MacFarlane
Horowhenua Geoff Thompson Annette King 447 Geoff Thompson
Invercargill Norman Jones 1,279 David Soper
Island Bay Frank O'Flynn 6,007 John Kananghinis
Kaimai Bruce Townshend 3,696 Leslie Dickson
Kaipara Peter Ian Wilkinson Lockwood Smith 5,564 Bill Campbell
Kapiti Margaret Shields 4,514 June Oakley
King Country Jim Bolger 5,617 J E Simons
Lyttelton Ann Hercus 4,963 D G Graham
Manawatu Michael Cox 420 Dave Alton
Mangere David Lange 8,375 Peter Saunders
Manurewa Roger Douglas 4,933 Stuart Leenstra
Marlborough Doug Kidd 612 G MacDonald
Matamata Jack Luxton 5,785 Ross Clow
Miramar Peter Neilsen 3,499 Don Crosbie
Mt Albert Helen Clark 6,207 Rod Cavanagh
Napier Geoff Braybrooke 6,399 M P Liddell
Nelson Philip Woollaston 3,459 Mel Courtney
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 6,340 Ron Hanson
New Plymouth Tony Friedlander 269 Ida Gaskin
North Shore George Gair 3,710 Peter Harris
Ohariu Hugh Templeton Peter Dunne 1,371 Hugh Templeton [nb 1]
Onehunga Fred Gerbic 4,508 Carol Freeman
Otago Warren Cooper 1,375 David Polson
Otara New electorate Colin Moyle 6,519 Taua Michael Tafua
Pahiatua John Falloon 5,478 Malcolm Brazendale
Pakuranga Pat Hunt Neil Morrison 172 Pat Hunt
Palmerston North Trevor de Cleene 3,033 C G Singleton
Panmure New electorate Bob Tizard 5,979 Carolyn Tedesco
Papakura Merv Wellington 1,447 D L John
Papatoetoe Eddie Isbey 2,996 Peter O'Brien
Pencarrow Fraser Colman 5,418 Barry Cranston
Porirua Gerard Wall 5,418 A L Gadsby
Raglan New electorate Simon Upton 1,976 L Holmes
Rangiora Derek Quigley Jim Gerard 346 B C Tomlinson
Rangitikei Bruce Beetham Denis Marshall 5,799 Bruce Beetham
Remuera Allan Highet Doug Graham 3,483 Kenneth Sandford
Rodney New electorate Don McKinnon 3,876 B R Dent
Roskill Phil Goff 4,208 Chris Knowles
Rotorua Paul East 811 Brian Arps
St Albans David Caygill 6,172 Ian Wilson
St Kilda Michael Cullen 5,594 Stewart Clark
Selwyn Ruth Richardson 3,829 C E Manning
Sydenham John Kirk[nb 2] Jim Anderton 7,255 E L Bonisch
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 3,758 Robin Tulloch
Taranaki David Thomson Roger Maxwell 6,013 G N Waters
Tarawera Ian McLean 3,377 Michael H. Moore
Tasman Bill Rowling Ken Shirley 1,854 Gerald Hunt
Tauranga Keith Allen Winston Peters 4,912 David Parlour
Te Atatu Michael Bassett 4,991 F W G Diment
Timaru Basil Arthur 2,219 Maurice McTigue
Tongariro New electorate Noel Scott 3,870 Nelson Rangi
Waikaremoana New electorate Roger McClay 1,737 John Harré
Waikato Simon Upton Rob Storey 1,658 Peter Cleave
Waipa Marilyn Waring Katherine O'Regan 5,667 A H Allen
Wairarapa Ben Couch Reg Boorman 394 Ben Couch
Waitakere Ralph Maxwell 4,474 John McIntosh
Waitaki Jonathan Elworthy Jim Sutton 561 Jonathan Elworthy
Waitotara Venn Young 3,314 Stuart Perry
Wallace Derek Angus 5,663 Calvin Fisher
Wanganui Russell Marshall 3,918 Terry Heffernan
Wellington Central Fran Wilde 4,116 Rosemary Young-Rouse
West Auckland New electorate Jack Elder 2,229 Dail Jones
West Coast Kerry Burke 4,293 J W Bateman
Western Hutt John Terris 4,348 John Tanner
Whangarei John Banks 2,003 Barbara Magner
Yaldhurst Mick Connelly Margaret Austin 2,970 H Joseph
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Peter Tapsell 11,230 B R Kiwara
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory 7,688 Matiu Rata
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 10,495 Amster Reedy
Western Maori Koro Wētere 10,110 Bill Katene

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Bob Jones came third for the New Zealand Party in Ohariu
  2. ^ In July 1983 Kirk said he would not stand in 1984: when Anderton was selected for Sydenham, Kirk (a Lange supporter) withdrew from the Labour caucus and was suspended by Labour, becoming an independent

By-elections during 41st Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 41st Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Timaru 1985 15 June Basil Arthur Death Maurice McTigue

Summary of changes during term


  1. ^ Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  2. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 372.


  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
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