3rd G7 summit

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3rd G7 summit
Downing Street.jpg
Downing Street in London, home of British Prime Ministers
Host country United Kingdom
Dates May 7–8, 1977
Follows 2nd G7 summit
Precedes 4th G7 summit

The 3rd G7 Summit was held at London, United Kingdom between 7–8 May 1977. The venue for the summit meetings was the British Prime Minister's official residence at No. 10 Downing Street in London.[1]

The Group of Seven (G7) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976)[2] and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981).[3] The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.[4]

This was the initial meeting in which the President of the European Commission was formally invited to take a part.[5]

Leaders at the summit

The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.[3]

The 3rd G7 summit was the first summit for Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda and U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

Participants

These summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum:[6][1][7]

Core G7 members
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Pierre Trudeau Prime Minister
France France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing President
West Germany West Germany Helmut Schmidt Chancellor
Italy Italy Giulio Andreotti Prime Minister
Japan Japan Takeo Fukuda Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom James Callaghan Prime Minister
United States United States Jimmy Carter President
European Union European Community Roy Jenkins Commission President
James Callaghan Council President

Issues

The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.[4]

Accomplishments

The leaders came out with the Downing Street Summit Declaration.

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.
  2. ^ Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Archived 2009-04-29 at WebCite Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G7) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
  3. ^ a b Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
  5. ^ "EU and the G8". European Commission. Archived from the original on 2007-02-26. Retrieved 2007-09-25.
  6. ^ Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Archived June 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site). Archived June 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ MOFA: Summit (8); European Union: "EU and the G8" Archived February 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.

References

External links

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