38th New Zealand Parliament

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38th Parliament of New Zealand
37th Parliament 39th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Term 22 June 1976 – 6 October 1978
Election New Zealand general election, 1975
Government Third National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 38th Parliament.png
Members 87
Speaker of the House Richard Harrison
––Roy Jack until 24 December 1977 †
Prime Minister Robert Muldoon
Leader of the Opposition Bill Rowling
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE Rt Hon. Sir Keith Holyoake from 26 October 1977
––HE Sir Denis Blundell until 5 October 1977

The 38th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1975 general election on 29 November of that year.

1975 general election

The 1975 general election was held on Saturday, 29 November.[1] A total of 92 MPs were elected; 63 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was an increase in the number of MPs by five since the 1972 election, and the gain was all for the North Island.[2] 1,953,050 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.5%.[1]


The 38th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1977), and was prorogued on 7 October 1978.[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 22 June 1976 14 December 1976
second 28 February 1977 28 February 1977
third 19 May 1977 16 December 1977
fourth 10 May 1978 6 October 1978


The Labour Party, which had come to power at the 1972 election, was defeated by the National Party at the 1975 election. Robert Muldoon formed the third National Government and led the Muldoon Ministry until National's defeat at the 1984 election.[4]

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1975 election and at dissolution:

Affiliation Members
At 1975 election At dissolution
National 55 54
Government total
Labour 32 32
Social Credit 0 1
Government total 32 33
87 87
Working Government majority 23 21


  • The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.

Initial composition of the 38th Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1975 general election:


 National    Labour    Social Credit  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1975[5]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Auckland Central Norman Douglas Richard Prebble 289 Murray McCully
Avon Mary Batchelor 5,503 T P George
Awarua Aubrey Begg Rex Austin 2,150 Aubrey Begg
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen Duncan MacIntyre 3,960 R F McKee
Birkenhead Norman King Jim McLay 2,816 Norman King
Christchurch Central Bruce Barclay 2,973 T G B Armitage
Clutha Peter Gordon 4,735 F A O'Connell
Coromandel Leo Schultz 4,724 R L Bradley
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell 1,428 A R Bright
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan Richard Walls 958 Brian Arnold
East Coast Bays Frank Gill 5,594 Rex Stanton
Eden Mike Moore Aussie Malcolm 1,331 Mike Moore
Egmont Venn Young 4,120 Dennis Duggan
Franklin Bill Birch 7,605 Ron Ng-Waishing
Gisborne Trevor Davey Bob Bell 1,321 Trevor Davey
Grey Lynn Eddie Isbey 2,839 Jens Meder
Hamilton East Rufus Rogers Ian Shearer 2,246 Rufus Rogers
Hamilton West Dorothy Jelicich Mike Minogue 2,069 Dorothy Jelicich
Hastings Richard Mayson Robert Fenton 491 Richard Mayson
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison 3,805 David Butcher
Henderson Martyn Finlay 401 Warren Adams
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 336 Julie Cameron[6]
Hobson Logan Sloane Neill Austin 4,101 Howard Manning [nb 1]
Hutt Trevor Young 1,019 Brett Newell
Invercargill J. B. Munro Norman Jones 2,533 J. B. Munro
Island Bay Gerald O'Brien 1,274 Bill Nathan
Kapiti Frank O'Flynn Barry Brill 2,222 Frank O'Flynn
Karori Jack Marshall Hugh Templeton 4,830 Margaret Shields
King Country Jim Bolger 4,316 T D Varnam
Lyttelton Tom McGuigan Colleen Dewe 999 Tom McGuigan
Manawatu Allan McCready 2,918 A C Eyles
Mangere Colin Moyle 1,604 S A Lawson
Manukau Roger Douglas 678 B R Leaming
Manurewa Phil Amos Merv Wellington 1,358 Phil Amos
Marlborough Ian Brooks Edward Latter 3,010 Ian Brooks
Miramar Bill Young 1,749 John Wybrow
Mt Albert Warren Freer 247 Frank Ryan
Napier Gordon Christie 931 J K W Isles
Nelson Stanley Whitehead 1,093 I D McWhannel
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 890 B J O'Connor
New Plymouth Ron Barclay Tony Friedlander 1,935 Ron Barclay
North Shore George Gair 5,247 Wyn Hoadley
Oamaru Bill Laney Jonathan Elworthy 2,196 W R Laney
Onehunga Hugh Watt Frank Rogers 1,044 K A O'Brien
Otago Central Ian Quigley Warren Cooper 2,371 Ian Quigley
Otahuhu Bob Tizard 3,785 Mrs L E Morris
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 6,769 R A Garden
Pakuranga Gavin Downie 7,016 Geoff Braybrooke
Palmerston North Joe Walding John Lithgow 142 Joe Walding
Papanui Bert Walker 2,985 Rod Garden
Petone Fraser Colman 2,834 B R Gluyas
Piako Jack Luxton 6,174 Helen Clark
Porirua Gerard Wall 2,265 Ross Doughty
Raglan Douglas Carter Marilyn Waring 3,756 Bill Pickering
Rakaia Colin McLachlan 5,237 Graeme Lowrie
Rangiora Kerry Burke Derek Quigley 1,386 Kerry Burke
Rangitikei Roy Jack 1,756 Bruce Beetham
Remuera Allan Highet 8,656 G B Mead
Riccarton Eric Holland 4,766 D A Johnson
Rodney Peter Wilkinson 7,817 John Prebble
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 530 John Maurice Priestley[7]
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 3,605 Peter Tapsell
Ruahine Les Gandar 2,763 Rex Willing
St Albans Roger Drayton 1,570 Ms P R Rotherberg
St Kilda William Fraser 1,890 Gordon Heslop
South Canterbury Rob Talbot 4,301 N B Lambert
Stratford David Thomson 5,667 P P Hopkins
Sydenham John Kirk 3,817 P K Matheson
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 6,735 C T Kaye
Tasman Bill Rowling 529 Peter Malone
Taupo Jack Ridley Ray La Varis 1,614 Jack Ridley
Tauranga Keith Allen 4,843 Richard Hendry
Timaru Basil Arthur 1,011 D A J Walker
Waikato Lance Adams-Schneider 7,073 B G West
Wairarapa Jack Williams Ben Couch 1,468 Jack Williams
Waitemata Michael Bassett Dail Jones 1,385 Michael Bassett
Wallace Brian Talboys 6,978 I D Lamont
Wanganui Russell Marshall 1,244 J G Rowan
Wellington Central Ken Comber 1,076 David Shand
West Coast Paddy Blanchfield 2,401 Barry Dallas
Western Hutt Henry May Brian Lambert 109 Henry May
Whangarei Murray Smith John Elliott 2,710 Murray Smith
Wigram Mick Connelly 1,967 P N Russell
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Paraone Reweti 6,261 M Searancke
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 4,151 Winston Peters
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 6,452 Willard Amaru
Western Maori Koro Wētere 8,925 E S Rangi

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ David Lange came third for Labour in Hobson

By-elections during 38th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 38th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Nelson 1976 28 February Stanley Whitehead Death Mel Courtney
Mangere 1977 26 March Colin Moyle Resignation David Lange
Pahiatua 1977 30 April Keith Holyoake Appointed as Governor-General John Falloon
Rangitikei 1978 18 February Roy Jack Death Bruce Beetham


  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 142.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 89–94.
  5. ^ Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  6. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 358.
  7. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 382.


  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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