30th New Zealand Parliament

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Thirtieth Parliament of New Zealand
29th Parliament 31st Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term 25 September 1951 – 1 October 1954
Election New Zealand general election, 1951
Government First National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 30th Parliament.png
Members 80
Speaker of the House Matthew Oram
Prime Minister Sidney Holland
Leader of the Opposition Walter Nash
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
––HM George VI until 6 February 1952
Governor-General HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Norrie from 2 December 1952
––HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg until 15 August 1952

The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.

1951 general election

The 1951 general election was held on Saturday, 1 September.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election.[2] 1,205,762 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.1%.[1]

Sessions

The 30th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were two sessions in 1954), and was prorogued on 4 October 1954.[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 25 September 1951 6 December 1951
second 25 June 1952 24 October 1952
third 8 April 1953 27 November 1953
fourth 12 January 1954 13 January 1954
fifth 22 June 1954 1 October 1954

Ministries

The National Party under Sidney Holland had been in power since the 1949 election, and Holland remained in charge until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health.[4]

Initial composition of the 30th Parliament

The 1951 election saw the governing National Party re-elected with a twenty-seat margin, a substantial improvement on the twelve-seat margin it previously held. National won fifty seats compared with the Labour Party's thirty.[5] The popular vote was closer, however, with National winning 54% to Labour's 46%.[6] No seats were won by minor party candidates or by independents.[7] This was the last New Zealand general election in which any party has ever captured a majority of the popular vote.[6]


Key
 Labour    National  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1951[8]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Arch Hill Bill Parry John Stewart 3,965 T P B Hope
Ashburton Richard Gerard 2,867 W E Rose
Auckland Central Bill Anderton 2,168 P G Hillyer
Avon John Mathison 4,212 D W Russell
Awarua George Herron 3,755 Neville Pickering
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan 4,047 T G Santon
Brooklyn Arnold Nordmeyer 1,826 C W Clift
Buller Jerry Skinner 1,227 P E McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 3,620 T A Rodgers
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 4,103 Mrs A Schumacher
Clutha James Roy 3,583 J M Sanders
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly 373 W P MacDougall
Eden Wilfred Fortune 2,802 J R Burfitt
Egmont Ernest Corbett 4,896 Brian Edgar Richmond
Fendalton Sidney Holland 4,366 P J Alley
Franklin Jack Massey 5,358 Arthur Faulkner
Gisborne Reginald Keeling Harry Dudfield 338 Reginald Keeling
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 3,813 H G Barry
Hamilton Hilda Ross 2,252 Ben Waters
Hastings Sydney Jones 1,138 H E Beattie
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 4,468 B W Dynes
Hawke's Bay Cyril Harker 4,153 A Lowe
Hobson Sidney Smith 5,337 Norman King
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,921 W E Cassidy
Hutt Walter Nash 2,248 J W Andrews
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 2,123 F G Spurdle
Island Bay Robert McKeen 1,680 James Duncan
Karori Charles Bowden 3,453 Jim Bateman
Lyttelton Terry McCombs Harry Lake 133 Terry McCombs
Manawatu Matthew Oram 3,465 B A Rodgers
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,452 Edwin Meachen
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 4,001 M A Hosking
Miramar Bob Semple 301 Cuthbert Taylor
Mornington Walter Arthur Hudson 3,783 R G Pilling
Mount Albert Warren Freer 604 R F Judson
Mount Victoria Jack Marshall 2,198 Frank Kitts
Napier Tommy Armstrong Peter Tait 44 Tommy Armstrong
Nelson Edgar Neale 2,831 Stanley Whitehead
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 2,335 C R Parker
North Dunedin Robert Walls 307 Sir Donald Cameron
North Shore Dean Eyre 2,155 R N S J Wrathall
Oamaru Thomas Hayman 1,315 C J Ryan
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 1,966 L G Bradley
Onslow Harry Combs 1,106 John S Meadowcroft[9]
Otahuhu Leon Götz 2,128 James Deas
Otaki James Joseph Maher 1,142 Phil Holloway
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,598 O Jones
Palmerston North Blair Tennent 200 Joe Hodgens
Parnell Duncan Rae 1,587 Hugh Watt[10]
Patea William Sheat 2,467 F W Finer
Petone Michael Moohan 2,135 N P Croft
Piako William Goosman 6,364 G P Kenah
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 1,504 Peter Dempsey[11]
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone 1,766 J H Wilson
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 3,677 F A Dalzell
Remuera Ronald Algie 5,346 Bob Tizard
Riccarton Angus McLagan 2,265 Eric Philip Wills[12]
Rodney Clifton Webb 4,893 A L Leaming
Roskill John Rae 440 Pat Curran
St Albans Jack Watts 1,415 J B Mora
St Kilda Fred Jones Jim Barnes 336 Fred Jones
Selwyn John McAlpine 1,836 James Gillespie Barclay
Sydenham Mabel Howard 4,403 A H Stott
Tamaki Eric Halstead 1,461 Tom Skinner
Tauranga Frederick Doidge George Walsh 5,400 H J Pickett
Timaru Clyde Carr 564 W L Richards
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 6,369 W H Bayly
Waimarino Paddy Kearins 67 A M MacPherson
Waimate David Kidd 2,232 A G Braddick
Wairarapa Bertie Cooksley 2,032 G A Hansen
Waitakere Rex Mason 641 R Tapper
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 5,286 J Dwyer
Wallace Tom Macdonald 5,060 J W Cleary
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 226 E V O'Keefe
Wellington Central Charles Chapman 277 Berta Burns
Westland James Kent 2,325 Mrs I C Brown
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,706 Turi Carroll
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 2,132 James Henare[13]
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 659 William Beaton
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 7,352 Hoeroa Marumaru

By-elections during 30th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 30th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Dunedin North 1953 12 December Robert Walls Death Ethel McMillan
Onehunga 1953 19 December Arthur Osborne Death Hugh Watt
Onslow 1954 7 July Harry Combs Death Henry May
Patea 1954 31 July William Sheat Resignation William Sheat

Notes

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 142.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 86–87.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 287–288.
  6. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 290.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 288.
  8. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 378.
  10. ^ Norton 1988, p. 314.
  11. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 360f.
  12. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 390.
  13. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 247.

References

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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