300s (decade)

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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The 300s decade ran from January 1, 300, to December 31, 309.

Events

300

By place

Roman Empire
Asia
Africa
America

By topic

Arts and sciences
Religion

301

By place

Roman Empire
Armenia
Europe
Asia

302

By place

Roman Empire
Date Event
Emperor Diocletian begins passing laws against Christians and a policy of religious oppression in Antioch.
Persia
Date Event
Narseh, Shahanshah of the Sassanid Empire, dies after a 9-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Hormizd II.

By topic

Arts and sciences
Date Event
Iamblichus of Chalcis writes a treatise on magic and the occult.
Religion
Date Event
Gregory the Illuminator is consecrated as Patriarch of Armenia by Leontius of Caesarea.

303

By place

Roman Empire
Armenia
Asia
America

By topic

Religion

304

By place

Roman Empire
China

305

By place

Roman Empire
Asia
  • The Daysan River floods Edessa.

By topic

Commerce
  • Landowners dominate the Roman Empire and enjoy the title of senator, which exempts them from the crushing taxes imposed on the rest of the population. The Senate has lost all its power and the landowners almost never attend Senate sessions. Members of municipal senates (curiales or decuriones) are charged with the responsibility of collecting taxes and paying arrears; smaller landowners are held responsible for providing recruits for the Roman army and with keeping wastelands under cultivation.
Religion

306

By place

Roman Empire
Asia

By topic

Religion

307

By place

Roman Empire
China

308

By place

Roman Empire
Asia

By topic

Religion

309

By place

Roman Empire
Persia
North America

By topic

Religion

East Asia

In Yamato (Japan), the Kofun period dominated during this decade. It was an animistic culture which existed prior the introduction of Buddhism. A legend of the 4th century Prince Yamato Takeru alludes to the borders of the Yamato and battlegrounds in the area. A frontier was obviously somewhere close to the later Izumo province (the eastern part of today's Shimane prefecture). Another frontier, in Kyūshū, was apparently somewhere north of today's Kumamoto prefecture. The legend specifically states that there was an eastern land in Honshū "whose people disobeyed the imperial court", against whom Yamato Takeru was sent to fight. That rivalling country may have been located rather close to the Yamato nucleus area itself, or relatively far away. The today Kai province is mentioned as one of the locations where prince Yamato Takeru sojourned in his said military expedition.

Northern frontier of this age was also explained in Kojiki as the legend of Shido Shogun's (四道将軍: Shoguns to four ways) expedition. Out of four shoguns, Ōbiko set northward to Koshi and his son Take Nunakawawake set to eastern states. The father moved east from northern Koshi while the son moved north on his way, and they finally met at Aizu (current western Fukushima). Although the legend itself is not likely to be a historical fact, Aizu is rather close to southern Tōhoku, where the north end of keyhole kofun culture as of late 4th century is located.

Significant people

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ C.W. Dugmore, The Journal of Ecclesiastical History (Cambridge University Press) p.268.
  2. ^ CNEWA.org
  3. ^ A. Dzh. (Arman Dzhonovich) Kirakosian, The Armenian Massacres, 1894–1896: 1894–1896 : U.S. media testimony, p.131.
  4. ^ OrientalOrthodox.org
  5. ^ Johann Christian Wilhelm Augusti, Georg Friedrich Heinrich Rheinwald, Carl Christian Friedrich Siegel, The Antiquities of the Christian Church p.466.
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