2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A BL 9.2-inch howitzer with shells lined up on the ground recently delivered from the trench railway in the foreground during World War I.

Two foot and 600 mm gauge railways are narrow gauge railways with track gauges of 2 ft (610 mm) and 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in), respectively. Railways with similar, less common track gauges, such as 1 ft 11 34 in (603 mm) and 1 ft 11 12 in (597 mm), are grouped with 2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways.

Overview

A steam outline Schöma diesel locomotive on the Pelion railway in Greece.
The Groudle Glen Railway Sea Lion locomotive c. 1910 on the Isle of Man.
The gasoline engine Crown Prince of the Otavi Mining and Railway Company in South West Africa (now Namibia). This railcar was able to reach a speed of 137 kilometres (85 mi) per hour.
The Efteling Steam Train Company, located in Efteling in the Netherlands, runs some locomotives that are more than a century old.
A locomotive and turntable on the Östra Södermanlands Järnväg in Sweden.

Most of these lines are tourist lines, which are often heritage railways or industrial lines, such as the Festiniog Railway in Wales and the Cripple Creek and Victor Narrow Gauge Railroad in Colorado.

World War I trench railways produced the greatest concentration of 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in) gauge railways to date. In preparation for World War II, the French Maginot Line and Alpine Line also used 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in) gauge railways for supply routes to the fixed border defenses.

Australia has over 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) of 2 ft (610 mm) gauge sugar cane railway networks in the coastal areas of Queensland, which carry more than 30 million tonnes of sugarcane a year.

Many 2 ft (610 mm) gauge and 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in) gauge railways are used in amusement parks and theme parks worldwide.

Exchange of rolling stock

The interchange of rolling stock between these similar track gauges occasionally occurred; for example, the South African Class NG15 2-8-2 locomotives started their career on the 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in) gauge. The Otavi Mining and Railway Company in South-West Africa (now Namibia) were transferred to the 2 ft gauge railways in South Africa and currently some surviving locomotives reside in Wales on the 1 ft 11 12 in (597 mm) gauge Welsh Highland Railway and the 1 ft 11 34 in (603 mm) gauge Brecon Mountain Railway.

Installations

Country/territory Railway Gauge
Albania 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Angola 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Argentina 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Australia 2 ft (610 mm)
Austria 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Belarus 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Belgium 2 ft (610 mm)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Brazil 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Brunei 2 ft (610 mm)
Bulgaria 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Burundi 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Cambodia 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Canada 2 ft (610 mm)
Cameroon 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Central African Republic 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Chile 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
China 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Comoros 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Czech Republic 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Democratic Republic of the Congo 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Denmark 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Egypt 2 ft (610 mm)
Eritrea 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Estonia 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Falkland Islands 2 ft (610 mm)
Fiji 2 ft (610 mm)
Finland 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
France 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Germany 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Greece 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Greenland 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Guatemala 2 ft (610 mm)
Hong Kong 2 ft (610 mm)
Hungary 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Iceland 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
India 2 ft (610 mm)
Indonesia
  • Sugar cane railways in Java in Cepiring (defunct), Jatibarang (operating), Jatiwangi (defunct), Jatiwarna (Bekasi) (defunct), Kalijereng (East Jakarta) (defunct), Pandji (operating), Pangka (operating), Soedhono (operating), Sragi (operating), Sukamakmur (Bogor) (defunct) and Tulangan (operating)[9]
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Isle of Man 2 ft (610 mm)
Italy 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Japan 2 ft (610 mm)
Laos 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Latvia 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Lithuania 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Macedonia
  • Skopje - Ohrid line; 167 km (partially converted to standard gauge)
  • Gradsko - Bitola (defunct)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Madagascar
  • Sugar cane, industrial and military railways[14] (defunct)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Mauritius
  • A network of sugar cane railways[15] (defunct)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Mexico 2 ft (610 mm)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Montenegro
  • Podgorica - Plavnica railway (defunct)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Morocco 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Mozambique 2 ft (610 mm)
Myanmar 2 ft (610 mm)
Namibia 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Nauru 2 ft (610 mm)
Netherlands 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
New Zealand 2 ft (610 mm)
Norway
  • Åmdals Verk Gruver;[17] 0.6 km (operating)
  • Gruvemuseet pa Litlabo[17] (operating)
  • Høyanger funicular (operating)
  • Kristiansand Kanonmuseum[17] (operating)
  • Lommedalsbanen;[17] 0.6 km (operating)
  • Sulitjelma Besøksgruve[17] (operating)
  • Stiftelsen Konnerudverket;[17] 0.5 km (operating)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Palestine 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Papua New Guinea 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Pakistan 2 ft (610 mm)
Poland 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Portugal 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Rwanda 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Somalia 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
South Africa 2 ft (610 mm)
South Korea 2 ft (610 mm)
Spain 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Sudan 2 ft (610 mm)
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Sweden 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Switzerland 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Taiwan 2 ft (610 mm)
Tanzania 2 ft (610 mm)
Thailand 2 ft (610 mm)
Togo 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
Turkey 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)
United Kingdom 2 ft (610 mm);
1 ft 11 34 in (603 mm);
600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in);
1 ft 11 12 in (597 mm)
United States 2 ft (610 mm)
Zimbabwe
  • Shurugwi Peak Railway[23][24] (operating)
2 ft (610 mm)

See also

References

  1. ^ The Very Special Electric Tramway in Valle Hermoso, Argentina
  2. ^ Railways of the Far South - The Ushuaia prison railway & the FCAF
  3. ^ World Wide Listing of Two foot, 1' 11 1/2", 600 mm (60cm) & 610mm Railroads (from archive.org) - Argentina
  4. ^ The Vennbahn: Belgium’s railway through Germany
  5. ^ Canadian Rail No, 439 - The Magazine of Canada's Railway History
  6. ^ Niagara Rails - Other Lines
  7. ^ Exploration Place Museum and Science Centre - official website
  8. ^ a b c Railways of the Far South - Chiloe Island
  9. ^ World Wide Listing of Two foot, 1' 11 1/2", 600 mm (60cm) & 610mm Railroads (from archive.org) - Java
  10. ^ RailScape - Musashino-Mura
  11. ^ Musashino-Mura - official website
  12. ^ Steamlocomotive.info - Chiba
  13. ^ Narita Yume Bokujō Railway - official website
  14. ^ Industrial Heritage in Madagascar, 2012
  15. ^ Narrow Gauge Railway Relics in Mauritius, 2012
  16. ^ Preserved Narrow Gauge Steam in Mexico 2012, Part 2
  17. ^ a b c d e f Directory of preserved narrow gauge railways in Norway
  18. ^ Changa Manga Forest Railway
  19. ^ Severn Lamb - News Archive
  20. ^ a b c "Trams of the World 2017" (PDF). Blickpunkt Straßenbahn. January 24, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2017. 
  21. ^ Listadotren.es - Funicular de Molinos (Lleida)
  22. ^ Funimag - "Die Puschlaver Geisterbahn" Cavaglia
  23. ^ 610 mm gauge Shurugwi Railway
  24. ^ Shurugwi Peak Railway, Zimbabwe
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2_ft_and_600_mm_gauge_railways&oldid=806892061"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2_ft_and_600_mm_gauge_railways
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA