2 Timothy 4

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2 Timothy 4
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Uncial 015 (1 Tm 2.2-6).jpg
Fragments showing First Epistle to Timothy 2:2-6 on Codex Coislinianus, from ca. AD 550.
Book Second Epistle to Timothy
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 16
Category Pauline epistles

2 Timothy 4 is the fourth (and the last) chapter of the Second Epistle to Timothy in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle and addressed to Saint Timothy.[1][2]

Text

Structure

This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to other parts of the Bible):

  • 2 Timothy 4:1-8 = A Final Charge to Timothy
  • 2 Timothy 4:9-18 = Personal Remarks
  • 2 Timothy 4:19-22 = Final Greetings

Verse 1

New King James Version

In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I give you this charge:[3]

Verse 2

New King James Version

Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage—with great patience and careful instruction.[4]

Verse 11

New King James Version

Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, because he is helpful to me in my ministry.[5]
  • Only Luke is with me

The beloved physician, who wrote the Gospel that bears his name, and "the Acts of the Apostles", and was a constant companion of Paul's in his travels and sufferings:[6]

  • take Mark, and bring him with thee;

who might be at Ephesus, or somewhere in Timothy's way as he came to Rome. This seems to be the same with John Mark of Jerusalem, the son of Mary, the sister of Barnabas, and who was with Paul and Barnabas in their travels, and who parted from them at Pamphylia; on whose account, and for that reason, there was so great a difference between Paul and Barnabas, as to separate upon it; but now the apostle had entertained a better opinion of him, and was reconciled unto him, and was very desirous of his company and assistance; and which he had, (Colossians 4:10) (Philemon 1:24).[6]

  • For he is profitable to me for the ministry;

that is, of the Gospel, to assist in preaching it.[6]

Verse 19

New King James Version

Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus.[7]

Catholics regard this verse as an implication that Onesiphorus was already dead, as it is implied previously in 2 Timothy 1:16-18, since Paul directly greets Aquila and Priscilla and seems to give greeting to "the house of Onesiphorus" to comfort his family.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ 2 Timothy 4:1
  4. ^ 2 Timothy 4:2
  5. ^ 2 Timothy 4:11
  6. ^ a b c John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible, - 2 Timothy 4:11
  7. ^ 2 Timothy 4:19
  8. ^ "Toner, Patrick. "Prayers for the Dead." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 27 Mar. 2013". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03.

External links

  • 2 Timothy 4 NIV
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