29th New Zealand Parliament

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Twenty-ninth Parliament of New Zealand
28th Parliament 30th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term 27 June 1950 – 31 July 1951
Election New Zealand general election, 1949
Government First National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 29th Parliament.png
Members 80
Speaker of the House Matthew Oram
Prime Minister Sidney Holland
Leader of the Opposition Walter Nash from 17 January 1951
––Peter Fraser until 12 December 1950 †
Legislative Council
Abolished: 1 December, 1950
Members 54
Speaker of the Council Thomas Bishop
Leader of the Council William Polson
Sovereign
Monarch HM George VI
Governor-General HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg
Opening of 29th NZ Parliament in 1950, with Serjeant-at-Arms, Group Captain Alexander Manson carrying the mace, followed by Speaker Matthew Oram

The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

1949 general election

The 1949 general election was held on Tuesday, 29 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 30 November in the general electorates, respectively.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election.[2] 1,113,852 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%.[1]

Sessions

The 29th Parliament sat for two sessions, and was prorogued on 18 July 1951.[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 27 June 1950 1 December 1950
second 26 June 1951 13 July 1951

Ministries

The National Party under Sidney Holland won the 1949 election, defeating Labour's second Fraser Ministry. Holland remained in power until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health.[4]

Historical context

The National Government appointed 25 new members to the New Zealand Legislative Council (the so-called Suicide Squad), so that the Legislative Council Abolition Bill could be passed. With that legislation, the Legislative Council voted itself out of existence, and New Zealand has been unicameral since the last meeting of the Upper House on 1 December 1950.[5]

Members

Overview

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1949 election and at dissolution:

Affiliation Members
At 1949 election At dissolution
National Government 46 46
Labour Opposition 34 34
Total
80 80
Working Government majority 12 12

Notes

  • The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.

Initial MPs

The table below shows the results of the 1949 general election:

Key

 Labour    National  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1949[6]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Arch Hill Bill Parry 5,174 G F Smith
Ashburton Richard Geoffrey Gerard 2,385 W E Rose
Auckland Central Bill Anderton 2,799 Leonard George Bradley
Avon John Mathison 4,593 G W Kinzett
Awarua George Richard Herron 3,179 Neville Pickering[7]
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan 3,680 Thomas Godfrey Santon
Brooklyn Peter Fraser[8] 2,956 Mrs Berta S. Burns[9]
Buller Jerry Skinner 2,206 F E McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 3,906 T A Rodgers
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 3,637 K J Marlow
Clutha James Roy 3,231 J E Keenan
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly 989 D Murdoch
Eden Wilfred Fortune 2,259 Pat Curran
Egmont Ernest Corbett 4,539 Brian Edgar Richmond
Fendalton Sidney Holland 4,076 R T Newman
Franklin Jack Massey 5,481 J Parsons
Gisborne David Coleman Reginald Keeling 489 Harry Dudfield[10][11]
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 4,203 J L Faulkner[12]
Hamilton Hilda Ross 1,605 J Granville
Hastings Edward Cullen Sydney Jones 982 Edward Cullen
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 3,944 Percival Peacock
Hawke's Bay Cyril Harker 3,442 H E Beattie
Hobson Sidney Walter Smith 5,068 W E Lane
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,535 A J Smith
Hutt Walter Nash 2,273 H L Heatley
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,159 William Denham
Island Bay Robert McKeen 2,770 H E Childs
Karori Charles Bowden 3,585 Ethel Harris
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 978 R R Beauchamp
Manawatu Matthew Oram 3,433 B A Rodgers
Marlborough Tom Shand 1,862 J H Wilson
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 3,276 D L Ross
Miramar Bob Semple 1,315 Cuthbert Taylor
Mornington Walter Arthur Hudson 4,185 G C Stephens
Mount Albert Warren Freer 931 Reginald Frank Judson
Mount Victoria Jack Marshall 1,808 Nathan Seddon
Napier Tommy Armstrong 721 W Tucker
Nelson Edgar Neale 1,373 R C A Marshall
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 1,517 C R Parker
North Dunedin Robert Walls 668 R G Brickell
North Shore Martyn Finlay Dean Eyre 1,344 Martyn Finlay
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer Thomas Hayman 694 Arnold Nordmeyer
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 2,300 A A Coates
Onslow Harry Ernest Combs 1,927 John S. Meadowcroft[13]
Otahuhu Charles Petrie Leon Götz 1,275 A B Dixon
Otaki James Joseph Maher 374 J J D Chapstick
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,507 G P O'Leary
Palmerston North Ormond Wilson Blair Tennent 518 Ormond Wilson
Parnell Duncan Rae 960 Frederick Schramm
Patea William Sheat 1,841 F W Finer
Petone Michael Moohan 2,527 Norm Croft
Piako William Goosman 6,266 G P Kenah
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 2,278 B H Kingston
Raglan Alan Baxter Hallyburton Johnstone 1,022 Alan Baxter
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 3,310 E R De Malmanche
Remuera Ronald Algie 5,079 Hugh Watt[14][6]
Riccarton Angus McLagan 2,707 Harry Lake[15]
Rodney Clifton Webb 4,546 A Leaming
Roskill Frank Langstone John Rae 1,415 J Freeman
St Albans Jack Watts 1,142 George Manning[16]
St Kilda Fred Jones 331 G Lyon
Selwyn John McAlpine 1,327 E A Sharp
Sydenham Mabel Howard 5,643 Oliver G. Moody[13]
Tamaki Tom Skinner Eric Halstead 1,095 Tom Skinner
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 4,595 H J Pickett
Timaru Clyde Carr 832 John Lockington
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 5,923 J R Burfitt
Waimarino Paddy Kearins 202 A H MacPherson
Waimate David Campbell Kidd 1,767 W R Davison
Wairarapa Garnet Mackley Bertie Cooksley 963 G A Hansen
Waitakere Rex Mason 930 R Tapper
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 5,079 Frank Kitts
Wallace Tom Macdonald 4,511 H V Freeman
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 1,019 E V O'Keefe
Wellington Central Charles Henry Chapman 575 Will Appleton
Westland James Begg Kent 2,744 P J O'Regan
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,211 Turi Carroll
Northern Maori Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,029 James Henare
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 687 Huro Nathanial Bates
Western Maori vacant[nb 1] Iriaka Matiu Ratana 6,317 Hoeroa Marumaru

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Matiu Ratana, the previous holder of the Western Maori electorate, died on 7 October 1949. His wife Iriaka Ratana stood for election instead.

By-elections during 29th Parliament

There was one by-election during the term of the 29th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Brooklyn 1951 17 February Peter Fraser Death Arnold Nordmeyer

Notes

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 141.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 86–87.
  5. ^ "Sound: the end of the Legislative Council". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Norton 1988, p. 197.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 198.
  9. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 357.
  10. ^ Norton 1988, p. 228.
  11. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 308.
  12. ^ Norton 1988, p. 419.
  13. ^ a b Gustafson 1986, p. 378.
  14. ^ Norton 1988, p. 331.
  15. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 325.
  16. ^ Sharfe, Jean. "Manning, George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 

References

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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