28th New Zealand Parliament

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Twenty-eighth Parliament of New Zealand
27th Parliament 29th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term 24 June 1947 – 21 October 1949
Election New Zealand general election, 1946
Government First Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 28th Parliament.png
Members 80
Speaker of the House Robert McKeen
Prime Minister Peter Fraser
Leader of the Opposition Sidney Holland
Legislative Council
Members 36 (at start)
33 (at end)
Speaker of the Council Bernard Martin from 29 June 1948
––Mark Fagan until 31 December 1947 †
Leader of the Council David Wilson
Sovereign
Monarch HM George VI
Governor-General HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg

The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.

1946 general election

The 1946 general election was held on Tuesday, 26 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 27 November in the general electorates, respectively.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[2] 1,081,898 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%.[1]

Sessions

The 28th Parliament sat for five sessions, and was prorogued on 3 November 1949:[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 24 June 1947 27 November 1947
second 22 June 1948 3 December 1948
third 28 June 1949 21 October 1949

Ministries

Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.[4] The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.[5][6]

Party Standings

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 44
National Party Sidney Holland 38

Members

Initial MPs

The table below shows the results of the 1946 general election:

Key

 Labour    National    Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1946[7]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Arch Hill New electorate Bill Parry[8] 6,585 E J Clark
Ashburton New electorate Richard Geoffrey Gerard 1,453 Mabel Newlands
Auckland Central Bill Parry[8] Bill Anderton[9] 3,478 Leon Götz[10]
Avon Dan Sullivan 5,180 R A McDowell
Awarua George Richard Herron 2,588 G G M Mitchell
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan[11] 1,634 Ray Boord[12][7]
Brooklyn New electorate Peter Fraser[13] 3,935 S Hardy
Buller Paddy Webb Jerry Skinner 2,912 P E McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 2,909 C Capell
Christchurch Central New electorate Robert Macfarlane 4,420 A J Wills
Clutha James Roy 2,140 J P Thompson
Dunedin Central Peter Neilson Philip Connolly 2,000 Thomas Kay Stuart Sidey[14][7]
Eden Bill Anderton[9] Wilfred Fortune[15] 1,281 Warren Freer[16][7]
Egmont Ernest Corbett[17] 3,398 C R Parker
Fendalton New electorate Sidney Holland 3,004 A G Williams
Franklin Jack Massey 4,023 A D J Gunn
Gisborne David William Coleman 2,015 Harry Barker[18]
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 5,910 H S Barry
Hamilton Hilda Ross 327 J Granville
Hastings New electorate Edward Luttrell Cullen 483 Eric Pryor[19]
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 2,891 J W Neate
Hawke's Bay Edward Luttrell Cullen Cyril Harker 2,014 H E Beattie
Hobson New electorate Sidney Walter Smith 3,580 H K Hatrick
Hurunui William Gillespie 1,440 John Mathison
Hutt Walter Nash 2,587 J E F Vogel
Invercargill William Denham Ralph Hanan 224 William Denham
Island Bay New electorate Robert McKeen 3,958 H E Childs
Karori New electorate Charles Bowden 2,042 P C McGavin
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 1,543 Edward Bickmore Ellison Taylor[20]
Manawatu Matthew Oram 2,467 Phil Holloway
Marlborough Edwin Meachen Tom Shand 179 Edwin Meachen
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 2,149 J S Stewart
Miramar New electorate Bob Semple 2,482 Leonard Theodor Jacobsen[21]
Mornington New electorate Walter Arthur Hudson 4,681 L D McIver
Mount Albert New electorate Arthur Shapton Richards 1,857 F A Hosking
Mount Victoria New electorate Jack Marshall 911 Eugene Casey
Napier Tommy Armstrong 1,845 A J Price
Nelson vacant[nb 1] Edgar Neale 585 C H Goodman
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 405 G Nimmo
North Dunedin Robert Walls 1,630 Norman Jones[22]
North Shore New electorate Martyn Finlay 249 Henry Thorne Morton[23]
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer 232 T R Beatty[24]
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 3,424 W K King
Onslow New electorate Harry Ernest Combs 1,578 P P Lynch
Otahuhu Charles Robert Petrie 220 C A Murdoch
Otaki Leonard Lowry James Joseph Maher 44 Jim Thorn
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 3,697 O E Niederer
Palmerston North Joe Hodgens Ormond Wilson 928 Augustus Edward Mansford
Parnell New electorate Duncan Rae 206 Frederick Schramm
Patea William Sheat 870 Richard John O'Dea
Petone New electorate Michael Moohan 4,019 G London
Piako New electorate William Goosman 5,101 Ben Waters
Ponsonby New electorate Ritchie Macdonald 3,431 Peter E Dempsey[25]
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone Alan Baxter 13 Hallyburton Johnstone
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 2,307 J D Capstick
Remuera Ronald Algie 4,410 J Freeman
Riccarton Jack Watts Angus McLagan 3,875 V W Wilson
Rodney New electorate Clifton Webb 2,850 A B Dixon
Roskill Arthur Shapton Richards Frank Langstone 155 Roy McElroy[26]
St Albans New electorate Jack Watts 86 Morgan Williams[27]
St Kilda New electorate Fred Jones 1,248 L J T Ireland
Selwyn New electorate John McAlpine 472 E A Sharp
Sydenham New electorate Mabel Howard 6,746 R Hunter
Tamaki New electorate Tom Skinner 231 J G C Wales
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 2,704 D A Hill
Timaru Clyde Carr 520 Jack Acland[28]
Waikato William Goosman Geoffrey Sim 4,385 J Dwyer
Waimarino Frank Langstone Paddy Kearins 681 N R Hill
Waimate New electorate David Campbell Kidd 789 W R Davison
Wairarapa Ben Roberts Garnet Hercules Mackley 235 G A Hansen
Waitakere New electorate Rex Mason 2,797 A M Laing
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 3,951 A G Goldsmith
Wallace Adam Hamilton Tom Macdonald 3,716 D J Munro
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 1,934 E W Merewether
Wellington Central Peter Fraser Charles Henry Chapman 1,680 Agnes Louisa Weston[nb 2]
Westland James O'Brien 4,716 E Frank Chivers[31][32]
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 1,517 Āpirana Ngata
Northern Maori Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,555 James Henare[33]
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 581 Vernon Ohaia Mason Thomas
Western Maori Matiu Ratana 6,491 Hoeroa Marumaru[34]

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Harry Atmore, the previous holder of the Nelson electorate, died on 20 August 1946
  2. ^ Claude Weston died suddenly on 10 November 1946 and was replaced by his wife[29][30]

By-elections during 28th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 28th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Avon 1947 28 May Dan Sullivan Death Jock Mathison
Mount Albert 1947 24 September Arthur Richards Death Warren Freer
Westland 1947 3 December James O'Brien Death James Kent

Notes

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 70.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 50.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 50–51.
  6. ^ Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 225.
  9. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 180.
  10. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 315.
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 237.
  12. ^ Norton 1988, p. 200.
  13. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 198.
  14. ^ Norton 1988, p. 212.
  15. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197.
  16. ^ Norton 1988, p. 220.
  17. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 190.
  18. ^ Milton-Tee, Ann. "Harry Heaton Barker". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  19. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 382.
  20. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 387.
  21. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  22. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 323f.
  23. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 334.
  24. ^ "The New Parliament". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24699). 27 September 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  25. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 360f.
  26. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 375.
  27. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  28. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 179.
  29. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 389.
  30. ^ "Claude Horace Weston". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (203). 27 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  32. ^ "Chivers, E Frank, DSM, MID". Torpedo Bay Navy Museum. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  33. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 367.
  34. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 377.

References

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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